Signs of diabetes on feet
Disease / / August 12, 2017
- mechanism of injury of the lower extremities
- Signs of lower extremities in diabetes
- Diabetic foot - a general description of
- treatment of diabetic foot syndrome
- Prevention of diabetic foot
DiabetesIt constitutes a violation of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by elevated glucose levels due to lower utilization of its body cells.
lower extremities This disease leads to various complications that adversely affect the condition of the lower extremities.These are the following mechanisms:
- violation of blood circulation on the background of atherosclerotic lesions of large vessels (macroangiopathy);
- fibrinoid deposition in the vascular wall of small arteries (microangiopathy);
- damage to the nervous tissue, which manifests itself polyneuropathy.
These pathological processes and determine the legs loss on the background of hyperglycemia.
Signs of lower extremities in diabetes
most serious is the development of diabetic foot, which will be d
- nonhealing wounds on the feet that have arisen as a result of the injury;
- tingling feet;
- cramps in the calf muscles;
- loss of hair on the legs;
- skin becomes thin;
- impaired pulsation of the arteries - popliteal, tibial, and others that were determined by palpation (feeling);
- a feeling of coldness, numbness of toes, etc.
Diabetic foot -. A general description of
Diabetic foot is a specific complication of diabetes, which has combine development mechanism (see above.).Clinically manifested by the following main features:
- formation of ulcers;
- development of purulent lesions feet;
- gait disturbance;
- thickening of fingers, changing shapes of the foot (as the presence of diabetes mellitus develops and osteopathy).
This syndrome occurs in 10% of patients with diabetes, the most exposed to a person with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (diabetes type 2).The success of the treatment of this condition is largely determined by the timeliness of treatment.For example, 40-50% of patients with diabetic foot could have been avoided amputation, if they just applied for medical aid.
Diabetes healthcare are three main forms of leg lesions in this syndrome:
- angiopathic - in the first place vascular lesions;
- neuropathic - dominated by the nerve endings;
- mixed - combined vascular and neurological disorders.
Treatment of diabetic foot
The main treatment is the optimal level of diabetes compensation, that is to normalize blood glucose levels.In addition, be sure the appointment of drugs such as:
- antiplatelet agents (prevent platelet aggregation);
- anticoagulants (prevent the activation of clotting factors);
- metabolic drugs (for improved metabolic reactions);
- neuroprotective agents that protect nerve tissue from damage.
Prevention of diabetic foot
very important to take measures to prevent the development of this condition in patients with diabetes.The main measures of prevention are:
- complete cessation of smoking;
- wearing comfortable (not tight) shoes;
- normalization of body weight (fight against obesity);
- refuse to walk barefoot where there is a risk of injury;
- compliance with the rules of personal hygiene feet;
- neat manicure, so that no wounds and cracks;
- identify microtrauma through careful examination and subsequent timely treatment to the doctor.
19 Dec, 2017