Sclerotherapy leg veins
Disease / / August 12, 2017
- What is it?
- Types sclerotherapy
- procedures As tolerated treatment?
What is it?
Sclerotherapy leg veins - a procedure that is widely used to treat a variety of vascular diseases, including hemorrhoids.The method is based sclerosing effect on the vessel wall special medication when injected.The main advantage is the absence of sclerotherapy surgery that avoids traumatization of tissue, pain and scarring.
Sclerosis - a replacement of normal connective tissue.Such process vessels and occurs during sclerotherapy.Input into the vein first drugs cause damage to the vein wall, then her scarring and deformity.This leads first to a narrowing of the vessel lumen, and then to complete the transformation of the veins in the nonfunctioning fibrous cord.
Types There are three main types of sclerotherapy.Each of them has its own meaning:
- Mikroskleroterapiya - the easiest method, which is used in the presence of the skin of legs or small vascular network Stars.
- Foam sclerotherapy - a procedure used to remove large saphenous veins.The peculiarity of the method consists in that the active substance is introduced into a vessel in the form of foam.
- Echo-sclerotherapy - a treatment of vessels under the control of ultrasonic duplex scanning.Used in sklerozirovanii large deep-seated veins that are poorly rendered by simple inspection.
procedure The procedure is performed, usually on an outpatient basis without anesthesia and lasts approximately 15-20 minutes.Pre doctor thoroughly examines the patient, gives direction to the required tests and studies necessary tools.
Special training prior to sclerotherapy is not required, but it is better to clarify the details of the doctor, especially if the patient is taking any medication.In addition, the day before the procedure can not do hair removal of those places, which will be manipulated.
During sclerotherapy the patient to lie down on the couch, the doctor after the treatment of the skin with an antiseptic introduces sclerosing drugs with a syringe and a thin needle into the affected vein.Such injection may be up to 10-12 per session, depending on the severity of the problem.Some clinics use an additional device Venovizor, which allows the doctor a good look at the small intradermal blood vessels, which increases the effectiveness of treatment.
After the procedure, the doctor puts the patient at once compression stockings to circulating blood does not interfere with the venous wall fallen down.After that, the person can go home, it is advisable to do it on foot, or at least like 30 minutes to prevent deep vein thrombosis.
one session of sclerotherapy, as a rule, is not enough to eliminate the problem completely.Therefore, the patient is required to undergo treatment, consisting of an average of 2-6 sessions.
As tolerated treatment?
By itself, the procedure is almost painless and well tolerated.As a rule, unpleasant sensations arise only at the time of puncturing the skin, and when the vessel begins to operate the active substance, a sense of light burning.
Reviews of people who underwent sclerotherapy, are different, because each person has his own level of pain sensitivity.In addition, the intensity of the discomfort and affect particular procedure.For example, there is a big pain in the treatment of small veins, although it held the thinnest needles.
After sclerotherapy of veins in the legs of patients may experience a variety of reactions that are not pathological and pass quickly enough.These include:
- intermittent itching at the injection site;
- soreness at the injection site, and in the course of the vessel;
- pigmentation of the skin over the vein removed;
- peeling of the skin at the site of injection;
- small vascular mesh;
- small limb edema.
More serious but rare effects of sclerotherapy enough - it burns, developing in contact with the active ingredient outside the vessel, thrombosis, deep vein inflammation.If the former occurs mainly on the doctor's fault, the latter two complications - often at the patient's fault if he does not follow the doctor's recommendations.
use sclerotherapy veins for the treatment of varicose veins and spider veins on the legs may not have all the people, because for such a treatment, there are certain contraindications:
- pregnancy and lactation;
- allergy to the procedure used during the preparations;
- thrombophlebitis and thrombosis of the lower extremities;
- heart defects;
- severe atherosclerotic vascular lesions of feet;
- inflammatory changes in the skin over the affected vein.
Prices of sclerotherapy depends on the method used and the volume of work, that is, the length of the vein to be removed or the area of skin the size of coated vascular net.
example, foam sclerotherapy is 5000 rubles per session on average.Complete the course of treatment can be assessed by this method is 30 000 rubles.Cost ehokontroliruemoy sclerotherapy of large saphenous veins ranges from 7,000 to 15,000 rubles.Price per session mikroskleroterapii spider veins Veins and starts from 1000 rubles, and the rate - from 10 000 rubles.
People with varicose veins and vascular defects in the skin of the feet should keep in mind that sclerotherapy only eliminates the symptoms of pathological processes in the body.Therefore, the problem may come back again, if a person is not engaged in their health.