How to reduce the temperature in the home for children and adults ?
Disease / / August 12, 2017
- Causes of hyperthermia
- How to bring down the heat in the adult?
- Hyperthermia and Pregnancy
- Features of treatment of hyperthermia in children
Causes of hyperthermia
high temperature recorded in many diseases that occur with the development of inflammatory lesions or thermoregulatory center, which is located in the brain.Among the main causes of violations include the following:
- inflammatory respiratory disease (particularly pneumonia and bronchitis);
- SARS and influenza;
- inflammation of the upper respiratory tract;
- infectious, fungal, parasitic diseases;
- acute food poisoning;
- head injury with brain damage;
- effects on the body of toxic substances that affect the temperature regulation center;
- inflammation of the abdominal cavity;
- purulent pathology of soft tissues in the form of abscesses and abscesses;
- a slight rise in temperature observed during pregnancy, which can be associated with a significant increase in progesterone levels;
- cause hyperthermia could be an overdose of certain medications;
- congenital hypothalamus;
- general hyperthermia or heat stroke;
- excessive physical activity;
- significant dehydration;
- hyperthermia psychogenic nature, which develops when emotionally straining;
- HIV infection;
- malignant disease;
- disruption of the endocrine glands, especially the thyroid gland;
- autoimmune pathology.
How to bring down the heat in the adult?
Before treat hyperthermia, be sure to determine its etiology.Any measures to reduce the body temperature will be ineffective if the causes are not eliminated.
When banal cold or SARS recommended bed rest and drinking plenty of fluids to normalize the body's water balance.Effective therapy is folk remedies.Especially useful is considered tea with lemon, raspberry, honey.physical methods to combat hyperthermia also used.As a rule, the muscles shins put cold compresses or rubbing alcohol is carried out of the body, which is a safe and effective way to reduce the temperature.During prolonged hyperthermia can be enema with water at room temperature with the addition of an antipyretic drug in powder form.When viral pathologies, it is advisable to prescribe antiviral medication.
When angina bacterial effective temperature reduction is impossible without an antibiotic, which not only helps to rapidly eliminate inflammatory lesions in the throat, but also kills the pathogens.In addition, for a more rapid temperature normalization it is recommended to take special means - antipyretics.Most common among them are the products based on paracetamol, aspirin, ibuprofen.
quick antipyretic action the glucocorticoids.They are usually prescribed when hyperthermia develops on the background of pathologies involving severe inflammatory changes (bacterial meningitis, pericarditis, tuberculous etiology, vasculitis).Despite the fact that these drugs can quickly lower the temperature in their prescribed extreme cases, because they provide a number of different events and may mask symptoms of local infection.This makes it difficult to correct diagnosis and contributes to the further spread of infection because they do not implement the correct causal treatment.If
hyperthermia is a result of poisoning, especially gastric lavage is performed to prevent further absorption of toxic substances into the bloodstream.Thereafter, the patient give sorbents (such as activated carbon or enterosorbent).In addition, when poisoning is recommended to put a cleansing enema for more rapid detoxification.As the output from the body of toxic substances on their own body temperature to normal.If necessary to take special medicines against heat, but with clear compliance dosage poisoning since the load on the body and so it is great, especially the liver.
Hyperthermia and Pregnancy
With a significant rise in temperature any pills should be taken only on doctor's advice, since different etiologies hyperthermia treatment strategy may differ.Especially dangerous is the self-medication among pregnant women, as most pharmacological agents have a negative effect on the fetus.In addition, high body temperature during this period can cause placental abruption, or damage to the central nervous system of the child, so the treatment should be carried out correctly.
drug of choice, which effectively lowers the temperature and has no negative effects on the fetus, is paracetamol.Take it should be when the temperature is 38 ° C and above.At lower temperature performance, it is desirable to use traditional methods of treatment - bed rest and drink herbal teas, milk with honey (if not allergic).Nursing mother should also take caution to the pharmacological treatment of high temperature, as many medication passes into breast milk and adversely affect the body baby.
Features of treatment of hyperthermia in children
significant temperature rise in childhood may be associated with convulsions, development of acute cardiac or respiratory failure, and therefore requires timely correction.
When a satisfactory state of health and a pink complexion to reduce body temperature in a child helps antipyretic drugs on the basis of paracetamol, also used physical methods of cooling (sponging with cold water, blowing fan, the imposition of a cold compress on the forehead).If the temperature drops, is administered by intramuscular injection of 50% sodium metamizole.
At deterioration of child health and pronounced skin paleness give antipyretic drugs and prescribe antispasmodics (eg, no-silos), conduct rubbing limbs, and in the absence of the effect of intramuscular administered droperidol 0.25%.
is worth noting that in some cases, to lower the temperature in the home is not possible, so you should call an ambulance.With the development of hyperthermia syndrome require infusion therapy, parenteral administration of anticonvulsants and political mixture (combination of chlorpromazine, pipolfen and novocaine).In severe cases, oxygen therapy is performed, if necessary - tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation.
important to remember that hyperthermia is usually a symptom of other diseases, so the treatment of the underlying pathology to normal body temperature.During prolonged hyperthermia is not necessary to self-medicate, should consult a doctor who will diagnose the infringement and prescribe the correct treatment.