Terms of preparation for the upcoming colonoscopy
Beauty And Health / / August 12, 2017
Colonoscopy - a modern informative method of instrumental examination of the large intestine card using a special endoscope (colonoscope).To perform this qualitative diagnostic procedure in the intestinal lumen should not be present in faeces even a minimum amount.Only in such circumstances, the physician will be able to thoroughly inspect the whole mucosa and easily when necessary to obtain material for histological examination. Therefore, a thorough cleansing of the bowel prior to colonoscopy - the key to obtain reliable information, which is necessary for an accurate diagnosis of the disease, and for the purpose of effective treatment.
Requirements for Cleanser:
- lack of ability to influence water-salt balance in the body and interact with the intestinal wall;
- most rapid effect;
- opportunity to use at home;
- ability to completely withdraw from the intestinal lumen, and solid and liquid residues;
- good tolerability and lack of discomfort in its application.
main stages of preparation for colon
For three days before the survey is necessary to change the usual diet, the deletion of the fiber-rich foods (fresh fruits, nuts, vegetables, rye bread, cereals, mushrooms, herbs, berries).Prohibited carbonated beverages.Permission is granted to use boiled fish, chicken, beef, and cheese, white bread, not too rich broth.When you have a tendency to constipation added drugs laxative action.
Further activities depend on which way the bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy will be performed.
1. If it will be an enema, the last day before the procedure to be followed such a regime:
- eat only broth or, in extreme cases, soups;
- meal, it is desirable to stop at noon;
- two hours after this drink 30-50 ml of castor oil, as other laxatives do not give such an effect as a medicine.To facilitate the reception it can be mixed with one of the fermented milk products, but do not forget that in the presence of stones in the biliary tract castor oil is best not to eat;
- cleansing enema formulation using douches mug at 19.00 (20.00) and 20.00 (21.00).The water should be cool, and the volume of each enemas - at least 1.5-2.0 liters.
On the day of study in the morning repeated the same two enema with an interval of two hours.The last wash water should be clean.On this day, not necessarily strictly maintain the starvation mode.You can eat a boiled egg or porridge and a cup of tea.
2. If as a cleaning agent selected medication preparation scheme will be somewhat different.These drugs are particularly indicated in patients with hemorrhoids and anal fissures.
Some of the drugs:
a) Fortrans - is not absorbed in the gastrointestinal drug.The package contains four packet, each dissolved in 1 liter of water.Total volume for the individual patient is prepared from the rate of 1 liter per 20 kg of body weight.Different schemes use Fortrans detailed in the annotation to the drug;
b) Duphalac - soft, but quite effective laxative.The contents of the vial (200 ml) is mixed with two liters of water and drunk within 2-3 hours;
c) the fleet - recently appeared on the drug market.Available in liquid form, diluted with water and washed down with an unlimited number of the same water.Appointed by the day prior to colonoscopy (2 times).It involves some restrictions in the diet: breakfast - a glass of water, lunch - 750 ml of water, broth or juice, dinner - a glass of water.
should be clearly understood that, regardless of the method of preparation quality is determined mainly integrity and responsibility of the patient.