Goldenrod - description , medicinal properties and contraindications
Folk Remedies / / August 12, 2017
Goldenrod ordinary - Solidaco vircaurea L. Family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) - Compositae (Compositae)
perennial herb direct stem 20-100 cm tall, branching inflorescence.Rhizome short, obliquely positioned.Basal leaves long, ovate or oblong, serrate on the edge;stem on short petioles, upper - sessile, lanceolate.The flowers are small golden yellow, are collected in baskets, consisting of the edge and the middle tubular bisexual flowers.Flower baskets are collected in a more or less long, loose or dense inflorescence, rarely racemose narrow, sometimes short capitate.Fruit - an elongated achene with pappus naked, covered with hairs.Flowers in July - August.
Goldenrod ordinary very polymorphic species, varying greatly in form leaves, the size and the number of baskets, shaped inflorescences.
grows in forests in the meadows, forest edges and clearings, the ravines, among bushes, on the slopes of mountains and tundra moss.
used parts of the plant
Medicinal raw materials are all part of the plant collected in the usual way;aboveground part - during budding;roots - in the autumn;seeds - to the extent of maturation.
aboveground plant parts contain phenolic compounds: leykokaprozid;phenol carbonic acids: caffeic, chlorogenic;coumarins: esculetin, esculin;flavonoids: rutin, astragalin;organic acids: Quinic;terpenoids;saponins: oleanolic, poligalovaya acid;pigments and vitamins.The inflorescences
contains carbohydrates and related compounds (polysaccharides: galactose, arabinose, glucose, xylose, rhamnose);in the fruit - fat oil.
Application and therapeutic properties
All parts of the plant in the experiment exhibit activity against influenza viruses, and herpes;drugs aboveground parts have a strong diuretic effect.The extract is recommended for edema of the brain.
In folk medicine, decoction and infusion of the aerial parts of the plant are used as a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, antiseptic, astringent and wound healing agent in diseases of the kidneys and bladder, gallstones, asthma, diabetes, arthritis, colitis, genital diseases,particularly males.In a mixture with other plants (with nettle roots) used in prostate adenoma, prostatitis, prostatic hypertrophy;externally - with acute laryngitis, eczema.
on goldenrod Caucasus is used for treating wounds;in Siberia - in ulcerative colitis, cystitis, hepatitis;in homeopathy (in the form of essence) - nephritis, asthma, skin diseases and diathesis.Externally - as a lotion and compresses as a wound-healing agent.
In Bulgaria, infusions and decoctions of aboveground plant parts are used inside and externally as a diuretic, with urolithiasis, rheumatism, infiltrates.In Tibetan medicine - in neurasthenia, jaundice.
- For infusion take 20 grams of raw materials, pour 200 ml of boiled water, in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool 45 minutes, without removing from the heat, strain, bring to 200 ml, the pressing residue.Take 2 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day before meals.
- infusion is prepared by 70% alcohol at the rate of 1:10.Insist 10 days, filter.Take 30-40 drops to receive 2-3 times a day before meals.
Internal use requires caution - can not be taken by pregnant women and glomerulonephritis.