Centaury Eritrean - description and application in medicine
Folk Remedies / / August 12, 2017
Eritrean centaury - Centaurium Erythraea Rafn.Gentianaceae family - Gentianaceae
Single, biennial or perennial herbaceous plant 10-50 cm tall.The root of a small rod, branched, weak.The stems are bare, single quadrangular, simple, sometimes in the upper part of the forked-branched, with branches pointing upwards.The leaves are small thin, entire;radical in the socket oblong-obovate, obtuse;stem - placed opposite, ovate-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, acute.The flowers are bright pink, with linear-subulate bracts, are collected in corymbose inflorescences.Calyx shorter than corolla tube, divided into linear-subulate teeth.Fruit - two-leaf narrow box.Seeds are small, round, brown.Flowering from June to autumn, usually in the second year.
grows in dry meadows, forest glades, edges, grassy slopes, in bushes, on roadsides, in gardens.In recent years, it is grown in home gardens as a medicinal plant.
used parts of the plant
Medical raw material is the aboveground
plant contains alkaloids: eritritsin (gentsianin);xanthones and their derivatives and isomers;glycosides: gentsiopikrin, eritaurin, eritrotsentaurin;vitamins, carbohydrates: glucose, sucrose, fructose, essential oil, minerals.
Application and therapeutic properties
aerial part of the plant is included in the pharmacopoeia and domestic pharmacopoeia of many countries.
centaury is used as the bitterness to excite the appetite and increase activity of the digestive organs, part of a delicious tea, gastric fees;as part of bitters - with gipatsidnyh and chronic atrophic gastritis, anorexia, on the basis of nervous diseases, after surgery.
In practical medicine infusion and decoction (consisting of fees) is used in chronic enterocolitis, gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, gastroduodenitis, dyspepsia, spasms of the stomach and intestines, flatulence, liver and gall bladder;gynecological diseases, for involution of the uterus after delivery, when metrorrhagia after abortion, early toxicosis pregnant, algodismenoree;to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, as an antiseptic;when pathological climax with a penchant hypertension and dysmenorrhea;infusion of leaves and flowers - in chronic sinusitis;wound healing in diseases of the oral cavity.
has hepatoprotective effect centaury In the experiment as part of a means.
In folk medicine, infusions, decoctions (independently and fees) and tincture are used in substantially the same use in the practice of medicine, moreover, diarrhea, malaria, tuberculosis of the lungs, heart disease, edema, headache, diseases of the kidneys, as a tonic,restorative, with hypertension, the flu, neuroses, illnesses after physical overexertion, anemia, diabetes, cirrhosis and other liver disorders, jaundice, alcoholism, typhoid fever, epilepsy.Tincture in olive oil - lower leg ulcers, eczema, boils, gout.With food allergies in children centaury - an indispensable tool;topically juice of the plant is used in all diseases of the ear.Oil from centaury removes (dissolves) any tumors in the early stages.
Bulgaria infusion and powder (consisting of fees and yourself) is used to treat heartburn, diabetes, constipation, anemia, bowel tuberculosis, gastrokardionalnom syndrome, for adjusting the chair, hepatitis, women's diseases, hemorrhoids;externally - with rashes, poorly healing wounds, ulcers of the lower leg.
In homeopathy juice of fresh plant is used in diseases of the stomach, liver, gall bladder.
- For infusion take 10 grams of raw materials, pour 200 ml of boiled water, in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool 45 minutes, strain.Take in the form of heat for 1 / 2-1 / 3 cup 2-3 times a day before meals.
- For broth 10 g raw pour 200 ml of boiling water, heated in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool 10 minutes.Should take 2 tablespoons.tablespoons per reception 3 times a day before meals.
When allergies for children under 3 years old to take 1 tsp.;3 to 5 - to 1 decimal.spoon;from 5 to 10 years - 1 tbsp.spoon before each meal.When
ear diseases of children fresh juice instilled into the ear 3-5 drops of warmed.
- For oil to fill half of any glass container, pour the filling up with olive oil and put in the sun for 15-20 days, to tie a gauze in 4 layers neck of the vessel.After the oil drain, squeeze out and discard the materials.The oil was stored in the refrigerator.
12 Aug, 2017
12 Aug, 2017