Types of nettles
Folk Remedies / / August 12, 2017
In pharmacology used the most studied form of Nettle - Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.), in the burning hairs containing formic acid (Figure 1.).In contact with the body hair, impregnated with silica, literally pierce the skin and easily break off.In the cavity of the wound hair derives acid, causing burning.For his burning nettle nature of the people I gained very "speaking" names: zhguchka, zhalyuga, Boon, Kostirko, strekanka, slorekusha.But this unpleasant property nettle actually has a therapeutic effect.The name of this species is fixed and its main feature - is dioecious, that is, plants are divided into male and female specimens.
Fig.1. Stinging nettle
In folk medicine and homeopathy uses another kind - nettle (Urtica urens) (Figure 2.).Its practical application is similar to the use of nettle.
nettle can be found on fertile soils on the outskirts of villages, under the walls of buildings, fences, on the outskirts of gardens and parks, on the rotting remains of garbage heaps around the far
Stinging nettle nettle belongs to the family, in height, usually up to 50 cm, but the dense thickets and shadows can vymahal and up to six meters.Nettle Stem erect, four-sided, sometimes at the top of branches.. The leaves are opposite, long-petiolate, dark green, heart-shaped, ovate-lanceolate, margin coarsely toothed, with stipules free, 8-17 cm long, 2-8 cm wide stem, petioles and leaves are covered with hair, including short - burning,and long - no.
nettle blooms from June to August.The flowers are small, greenish, collected in the spike inflorescence hangs emerging from the axils of the upper leaves.The fruit, oblong nuts ripen in August and September.Propagated nettle seeds, cuttings and rhizomes.Special recommendations for cultivation there, but we know that culture is better developed in the fertile soils.
Unfortunately, possessing medicinal properties of nettle is often confused with the stinging nettle (Urtica urens), nettles zhabreelistnoy (Urtica geleopsifolia), nettles Kiev (Urtica kioviensis Rogow), nettles sharikonosnoy (Urtica pilulifera) and some species of plants from the family yasnotkovyh (Labiatae), for example nettle white horehound black, popularly called deaf nettle.It is important to learn to distinguish between these cultures, otherwise not only can not help the sick body but also to put itself significant, though not fatal harm.With jasnotkovye more or less simple.Carefully inspect the flowers, and you will see that, in contrast to the nettle, yasnotkovyh flowers are painted beaters - white, bluish, purple.Besides representatives have yasnotkovyh burning hairs.It is more difficult to distinguish from the nettle her direct relatives.To facilitate the collection of medicinal raw inexperienced builders, give a comparative table of the most common species in nature nettle.
|Stinging nettle||nettle Nettle||zhabreelistnaya|
|Stem||quadrangular, erect, 50-150 cm tall||tetrahedral, straight, branched, 15-60 cm tall||Thick,round, height 40-100 cm|
|Leaves||Serdtsevidno- ovate, large (up to 17 cm in diameter), toothed serrated, large teeth slightly bent up||elliptical or egg-shaped, rather small (up to 4-5 cm), on the edge of the sharply serrated||cordate-lanceolate, large (up to 12 cm), with a long elongated apex and sharply serrated edge|
|inflorescences||spike, long petiole of the sinuses which they come||intermittent spike onlength equal petioles, in the bosom of which they sit||spike, short, thick, branched|
|pubescence||thick with burning short hairs and nezhguchimi long||thick, with a very stinging hairs nezhguchih hairs no||thickwith stinging hairs and nezhguchimi|
I want to recommend you to consider carefully the image nettle nettle and nettle in the reference literature, not a sin to consult a pharmacy, or even better - an experienced fitoterapevta.Zagotavlivaya and using the wrong kind of nettles, you will not be able to cook the drug correctly.Is not this is the cause of frustration is not too attentive citizens in herbal treatment?
12 Aug, 2017
12 Aug, 2017