Allergies in children under one year - treatment and prevention
Child Health / / August 12, 2017
allergy - a reaction of the immune system to any external stimulus.And there are allergens, irritants in the first year of baby's life can be weight: from household dust and pet fur to food additives, including infant formula and complementary foods first.It prevents the emergence of allergies is almost impossible, because it can occur even in the air .... exact - some components included in its composition (the pollen of certain plants, mold spores, emissions of active chemicals businesses, etc.).Therefore it is very important to know the symptoms of allergies and react to its manifestation.
Types and causes of
allergies Allergies in children in the first year of life may be congenital or acquired.
Congenital - depends on the susceptibility of the organism to the manifestations of atypical reactions to certain substances, laid down at the genetic level.That is, if one of the parents of the baby - have allergies, then with high probability of an allergy will manifest itself and the child (but not
emergence of acquired allergies depends not only on the presence of allergens in the child's environment, but also on fetal development (mothers diet during pregnancy, environmental levels in the area, medication that she was taking, etc.).
- skin manifestations (diathesis, dermatitis, urticaria, eczema);
- increased tearing;
- inflammation of the nasal secretions (rhinitis);
- tumor tissue exposed to the allergen;
- coughing, sneezing;
- allergic asthma;
- rarely - gastrointestinal reactions (diarrhea, cramps, colic, vomiting).
The first sign of allergy - "red cheeks" and other skin rashes, for which parents should immediately pay attention and take action.Diathesis has two forms of: atopic dermatitis (skin drying) or eczema (skin wetting).
allergy in children under one year: treatment and prevention
Children's allergy is much easier to prevent than to treat long and hard, largely restricting the child.And this mother should follow the doctor's recommendations during pregnancy and lactation are not consume potentially allergenic products (honey, citrus fruits, strawberries, nuts, chocolate, coffee, etc.), More walk in the fresh air and do not be nervous.For the first foods to choose products agreed with the doctor and administered in the diet in the order recommended by the pediatrician.
If you have already detected the allergy in children up to a year, treatment should begin immediately.Moreover, therapy should be integrated:
1) Identify and eliminate substance-allergen
The most common allergy among children provoked food.The doctor will be easier to identify the allergen, if to "food" diary in which to write down everything that ate the baby (and mom if breast feeding).If a child shows signs of a cold (runny nose, sneezing, coughing) without fever and aggravated after walking - most likely it comes to hay fever.If you can not identify the stimulus - the doctor may order allergy tests.
2) Cure manifestations
Treatment for the child must determine an allergist, a nutritionist or physician, in a strictly individual basis, which depends on the type of allergen and disease progression.Usually, it is - a strict diet, desensitizing agents, adsorbents, taking antihistamines.
3) Prevent contact.
Knowing that can cause allergies, you should limit the contact of the child with potential irritants.