Explanation ultrasound hip in infants
Child Health / / August 12, 2017
diagnosis of congenital hip dislocation performed in infants in the first weeks of life.It uses ultrasound and decoding of images should conduct highly orthopedic surgeon.It requires the ability to determine the violation of the form or even a slight shift of the femur.The slightest doubt related to the unequal density of rays must cause a re-examination after 1 month. Congenital hip dislocation (dysplasia) - a pathology that does not allow a proper degree divert thigh.As a result, it has limited mobility.
common X-ray is not enough informative shows changes in neonatal cartilage tissues.It is advantageously carried out from the 4th month of life.That ultrasound and competent interpretation of ultrasound hip in infants can accurately determine the degree of dysplasia, if it is confirmed.
In total there are 5 degrees of pathology:
- noticeable taper ilium.
- femoral head is above the V-shaped cartilage.
- head is completely shifted to the edge of the basin.
- shadow wing of the ilium covers the femoral head.
- too high position of the femoral head.
Treatment of pathologies of the hip joints
Externally hip dysplasia evident on the asymmetrical position of the hips folds, if the baby is lying on his back or stomach.Beveled ilium is actually dysplasia, which is divided into 3 degrees of development: predvyvih, subluxation, dislocation.In infants the most common condition predvyviha, and it should be treated as soon as possible.
Also apply special gymnastics fixing tires.Selection of the unit depends on the determination of the degree that gives the interpretation of ultrasound hip in infants, because babies do operations only in the last stage of pathology.Bus Frejka fixes designated in the hip joint leg at a right angle.This grudnichok is a long time in one position, it may be difficult for him.Worn tire accounts for up to 1 year.The decision about surgery for newborns rarely take as their age gives a high chance for the efficient conduct of conservative methods of correction.
Why develop a pathology?
Complicated infection in the period of 10-15 weeks of pregnancy is a risk factor for congenital hip dislocation.In addition to her:
- breech presentation;
- bad environment in the region of residence;
- the presence of children in the family with the same disease.
Uzi study shows the following provisions of the hip joints:
- displacement of the femoral head,
- expansion of growth areas,
- ratio of the acetabulum and the proximal part.
For infants use manipulative correction affecting the proper development of the articular surfaces.They are made in a wide swaddling (can not be swaddled tightly) wearing kid with divorced feet.The goal of therapeutic exercises - to stimulate blood circulation in the hip joint, to prevent development of rickets.Exercises depend on the pathology, so they are unique to each grudnichka and only prescribed by a doctor.Self-medication can aggravate the condition of the baby.