The first signs of meningitis in children
Child Health / / August 12, 2017
meningitis called dangerous inflammatory process affecting the head and the spinal cord of the patient.This is a very serious disease that can be treated only in a hospital, so it is extremely important to diagnose it in time and get professional help.Most often, it is children who suffer meningitis - they still imperfect blood-brain barrier and the immune system is not developed enough. And parents need to be sure to remember by heart the first signs of meningitis in children, with which you can accurately determine disease.
main varieties of meningitis
By the nature of its development, this disorder can be primary or secondary.And in the first category include meningitis that develop on their own and are not accompanied by local infectious processes in any systems and organs, and the second - meningitis, developing on the background of local infection or inflammation of the total of the whole organism.
addition, meningitis can be classified according to their origin.They are:
- and nonspecific.
And it is bacterial meningitis is considered the most dangerous, which can lead to serious complications in the body, to disability or even death.And to distinguish them from other types of illness at home is almost impossible, so when faced with the first signs of meningitis in a child, his parents must consult a doctor immediately to avoid the most tragic consequences.
The most noticeable symptoms of the disease
Generally, meningitis begins acutely and resembles an ordinary flu.The patient has high fever, it becomes sluggish, sleepy and irritable when it loses the appetite, but all the time asking to drink, and begins to experience severe headaches and muscle aches.And this is not all of the first signs of meningitis in children - in addition, the patient often suffers from nausea and vomiting, it decreases the pressure, and pale skin.And even if the child is capricious and cries, so that his face reddens, nasolabial triangle is still bluish.
Later symptoms worse.A child having severe pain in the neck muscles, develop photophobia and phonophobia, deteriorating eyesight and hearing, begins seeing double.In addition, depending on the specific origin of the disease, the following symptoms may occur:
- cough and runny nose;
- difficulty breathing;
- damage to eyes;
- inflammation and redness of the joints;
- change the skin (they not only change color, but also can be coated with a fine rash).
How to uniquely identify the disease?
Many meningitis symptoms overlap with symptoms of other virus or infectious diseases.However, there is a feature that can clearly indicate it on the disease in question.And his parents should pay attention first and foremost.
Remember also that if a sick child lay on his back on a flat surface, and then his hand to tilt his head to his chest, the baby's legs involuntarily bent.Be sure to carry out this experiment, if you suspect that your child is ill with meningitis - this will make the right conclusion about his state of health and recognize the need for immediate access to qualified personnel.After all, only doctors can provide the patient kid competent and timely assistance, maintaining his health and protection from serious adverse effects, which is fraught with the disease in question.