Increased monocytes in a child
Child Health / / August 12, 2017
leukocytes, as one of the blood components, perform protective functions.In turn, in the leukocytes include neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes and monocytes (collectively, they constitute the so-called "white blood").Each of the components of the "targets" for the destruction of "his" enemy: the virus, tumor, poison or toxin.The largest of the white blood cells - monocytes.Their activity is aimed at fighting cancer cells, all sorts of infections, they are also responsible for the dissolution of blood clots and blood clotting.
Synthesis and the number of monocytes
Like most of the blood cells, monocytes produce bone marrow.The mature monocytes for about 70 hours in the blood.They then migrate to the liver, spleen, lymph nodes in the body tissue.Monocytes destroy pathogens, dead cells and tissue, foreign education, for which they called "caretakers", "cleaners" or "cell-eaters."These cells are able to neutralize the pathogenic entity having a size of many times greater than the monocyt
number of monocytes in the adult is normally 3-11% of the total number of white blood cells.Since the body of a child in need of enhanced protection, wise nature has taken care of more content in their blood monocytes:
- to 12% comes from the number of newborns;
- 4-10% - the content of monocytes at year-olds;
- 3-9% - the norm for young people.
With age, the percentage of monocytes may be reduced to one.
If blood tests showed that increased monocytes in a child, it is not always a cause for parental concern.When the baby is teething, he recently had any infection, injured or badly hurt, the body receives a signal that requires enhanced production of cell-wipers.In such cases, blood levels of monocytes may increase by 10 percent from the norm.
If the high content of monocytes (monocytosis) accompanied by some additional symptoms of illness, it is possible to judge the presence of pathological processes in the body.Most often it is a fungus and infectious diseases: malaria, brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, congenital syphilis.
Increased monocytes in a child may be at serious diseases such as leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, sepsis, systemic lupus erythematosus, infectious endocarditis, rheumatoid arthritis, as well as tuberculosis, enteritis and ulcerative colitis.Monocytosis notes and phosphorus poisoning or tetrachloroethane.
Elevated levels of monocytes in the blood of the child is always considered in the context of the total number of white blood cells.There are relative monocytosis (normal white blood cell count, but they increased the proportion of monocytes) and absolute (absolute figure increased level).Usually monocytosis absolute characteristic of adults, in children it is fixed only with extensive purulent processes in the body.
If blood tests revealed an increased content of monocytes is assigned a detailed analysis, which helps the doctor to determine the exact reason for which has increased the number of monocytes in the child.
12 Aug, 2017