Folk Remedies / / August 12, 2017
Rare to find a window, especially in rural areas, without a pot of pelargonium.However, the modern varieties and hybrids destroyed glory flower philistine and made it fashionable in small towns and in big cities.It is difficult to find a European town, where balconies and windows would not be drowned in the summer flowering pelargoniums.And it's not just the beauty.Pelargonium is known as an enemy of flies, mosquitoes, moths, and harmful bacteria.The scientists found that the fragrance reduces the microflora in the room by 43%.
seeds of many species of Pelargonium were imported from South Africa in the early XVIII century in Holland, and very quickly, this plant has won almost all the gardens of Europe.
like geranium, named the genus Pelargonium ( Pelargonium ) was due to the original seed box, from the Greek word « pelargos », which means "nose cranes."
In the culture of several species of Pelargonium grown.The most common is a zonal pelargonium ( P. zonale ).It is a perennial plant with a plural
No less popular and fragrant Pelargonium ( P. odoratissimum ), or pink ( P. roseum ), whose leaves have a fairly strong pleasant aroma, enhanced by grinding.Fragrant oil not only have a pleasant smell, but also freshen the air, kill bacteria.Couples essential oil secreted leaves envelop them from all sides, like a fog, protected from strong sunlight and heat from hypothermia during the night, and in dry weather the water evaporates.The leaves of this species are deeply cut, covered with hairs, it is they, and not the small pink flowers made popular plant.
By fragrant species except pink pelargoniums are also scented pelargonium ( P. graveolens ) and capitatum ( P. capitatum ) with the scent of roses, Curly ( P. crispum ) with the smell of lemon, besprilistrikovaya ( P. exstipulatum ) with the smell of mint, and others.These species are often grown as technical culture for essential geranium oil.At home, they grow not so much because of beauty, as for medicinal purposes.
very popular all over the world enjoying Pelargonium plyuschelistnaya or thyroid ( P. peltatum ).This is a perennial plant with creeping subshrub shoots and hederacea fleshy leaves and beautiful flowers on long stalks.It is this kind often planted in the balcony and window boxes, to protect housing from penetration flies.
In Europe also popular so-called English Geranium or Pelargonium grandiflorum ( P. grandiflorum ).This is a large perennial plant with round leaves with serrated edge.Its flowers are purple or dark veins on the upper petals.By the way, do not even try to land this kind of garden: in our area exclusively indoor plant.
an industrial scale Pelargonium grown with XVIII century in France, which is still the world leader in the production of essential oils from the leaves of this valuable plant.Incidentally, the production is concentrated right at the plantation Pelargonium, because oil is produced using the most simple stills.
Did you know that the first plantations pelargonium pink appeared in the USSR in 1929 on the territory of Georgia, Armenia, Abkhazia and Tajikistan?The first experiments have shown that the plants do not tolerate very low temperatures in winter, and it was then that our scientists have invented a method of growing pelargoniums annual crop.Every year they are grown in greenhouses and greenhouses seedlings from cuttings taken from parent plants and then planted it on the field, taking the summer to 2 harvest.Total impressive results have been achieved in 10 years, our country is completely sufficient in geranium oil.And because it is used not only in medicine, perfumery and cosmetics industry, but also in the manufacture of tobacco, alcohol, tea, pastries.
Pelargoniums are not just beautiful and fragrant flowers home, they have undeniable medicinal properties, often used in folk medicine, refreshing and healthier air.It is believed that the house geranium harmonizes and stabilizes the situation.By its energy parameters geranium - flower mascot Flower Charm, protected their masters and all the house of quarrels, grievances and unhappiness.In the house, where a lot of pelargonium, relaxed atmosphere, children less capricious, more quickly master the knowledge.
In Chinese medicine, Pelargonium and oil extracted from it is used for the preparation of decoctions and ointments gynecological diseases.In the Philippines, drink a decoction of the leaves for colds.Pelargonium scented reduces inflammation and relieves pain in the ear, in the shoulder joints, helps with toothache;with apricot soothes heartache.Packs of leaf pelargonium well help with radiculitis and osteochondrosis.In general, a list of diseases in which the drugs are used on the basis of Pelargonium quite large.
For therapeutic purposes, is used primarily 2 kinds of Pelargonium - scented and pink.
rules of collection and preparation of raw materials
Time collection.In Pelargonium at spring pruning leaves harvested for future use and neodrevesnevshie green shoots of which make alcohol tinctures and oil extracts.Small amounts can dry up.Also harvested leaves and flowers in late August at the flowering specimens pelargonium, which will not be returned from the garden into the house.The best time of collecting the leaves and flowers - noon, when contained in a plant essential oils max.During the 3 weeks prior to the collection of raw plants are not fed by mineral and organic fertilizers, are not sprayed against pests.
Pelargonium roots are harvested in the spring or autumn, when they accumulate the greatest amount of nutrients.2 weeks before harvesting stop watering the roots of the plant.
drying place.To this end, suitable attics, sheds, terraces, pergolas, which do not penetrate the sun's rays, but there is good ventilation.Raw material is spread on a cloth, cardboard or plywood in 1 layer.
drying time.In dry weather, the roots of the grass inflorescence and dry pretty quickly, but crude is better to give the plants a good podvyalitsya in the sun or in the oven slightly ajar, and finally dried in enclosed spaces with fresh air access.To lose as little as possible of essential oils, drying should take place quickly.
Storage.Dry medicinal raw materials are stored in cardboard boxes or paper bags in a dry, well-ventilated area.You can chop the roots with the help of a food processor or coffee grinder and store powder in wooden cans or paper bags in a dry, ventilated area.Shelf life of prepared according to the rules of medicinal raw materials - 1 year.