Concussion of the child
Child Health / / August 12, 2017
For young fidgets active games are an integral part of their lives.Running and jumping, a child may fail to fall, hit his head, the result of which is a concussion.Naturally, the parents - this is another reason for excitement and a good reason for seeking medical help.Adults believe that any blow to the head or the head is, let small, but traumatic brain injury, which can lead to irreversible consequences.However, any stuffed bump or bruise should not be taken for a concussion.
concussion in a child - it's quite a specific medical condition that is characterized by the main symptom in the form of short-term loss of consciousness.Memory loss can last from a few seconds to 15 minutes.If a child is clearly remembers the moment of impact and pain after (grudnichki and children who can not speak, just start crying), it is a question of injury.Once the child regains consciousness after trauma, almost immediately he begins nausea, vomiting opens, the skin becomes pale, increased sweatin
In the most severe cases, a disorder of cardiac and respiratory activity, impaired speech, changing the mentality, progressing a feeling of depression and oppression of consciousness.This state indicates that the head injury ruptured blood vessel from which blood is poured and presses on the brain.
tactics behavior of parents
If you have a child of two or more symptoms of a concussion need to call an ambulance, which will take the victim to hospital.If there is no possibility in the near future call physicians, it is necessary to ensure the child the maximum rest on a flat surface, preferably on the side.For pain to a place of impact can apply ice or a cold object, if there is an open wound - treat it with an antiseptic.
Before coming physicians with the child must be constantly talking.If from time to time he is disturbed consciousness, it is necessary to record the frequency and duration of precipitation, then inform your doctor.Separate treatment of concussion - is strictly forbidden, as it can not only change the clinical picture, but also lead to a deterioration of the child's condition.
To confirm the diagnosis of a neurosurgeon or neurologist prescribed the following measures:
- ultrasound (echoencephalography).
treatment is carried out in a hospital where the child is provided by the motor and psycho-emotional peace.The duration of hospitalization depends on the severity of the patient's small - usually 14 to 21 days.Pediatric neurosurgery have developed a pharmacological strategy, how to treat a concussion of the brain, divided into several points:
- removal of edema, hemorrhage and hematoma (appointed diuretics and medications containing potassium);
- relief of nausea and vomiting;
- getting rid of a headache;
- decrease nervousness (appointed sedatives).
appointed vitamins and antihistamines if necessary.After discharge from the hospital the child for two weeks is exempt from physical education and sports.
13 Jan, 2018
13 Jan, 2018