The increase in the lymph nodes on the neck in children : why is this happening , and how to treat
Child Health / / August 12, 2017
very common symptom that accompanies many diseases, is the increase in the lymph nodes on the neck in children.They are sensitive to any negative changes in the condition of the child, to bacterial and viral infections.Therefore, even a slight increase in the lymph nodes should alert parents.In some cases, this phenomenon is considered a variant of the norm, but more often a symptom indicative of disease development.Faced with it, it is necessary to show the child's pediatrician.
According to experts, the lymph nodes in the neck in children are increasing as a result of penetration into the tissue of the body of viruses or bacteria.The main functions of these bodies believe that the development of immune cells and lymph filtration.Therefore, if a child is easy to tolerate disease, nodes are increased slightly and only because they are working in the active mode.And if a serious illness, bacteria can infect the tissue of these organs, so that they become inflamed and grow stronger
Most often increase in size of lymph nodes in the neck in children is due to the following diseases:
- cold or SARS;
- caries and other dental problems;
- allergic reactions (in pharmacological preparations, cat scratches, etc.);
- bacterial and infectious diseases.
In some cases, increases in the size of a single lymph node in the neck of the child, indicating that the local inflammation.But more changes are both.The symptoms of this phenomenon are:
- occurrence of pain;
- «bulge" of lymph nodes (they are clearly visible to the naked eye);
- redness of the skin of the neck;
- change node consistency (they can become very thick or soft and painful);
- general deterioration caused by the intoxication of the organism.
In addition, the frequent companion of this phenomenon becomes a temperature increase.And in this situation, parents must show the child's pediatrician, who will decide what to do next.
Diagnosis and treatment
Treat increase in size, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck in children locally unacceptable.Since this is not a disease but only a symptom of a particular disease.The child should be examined by a specialist - pediatrician, dentist, immunologist, oncologist or surgeon.In addition, it is necessary to hand over analyzes.And in the most difficult cases, when the lymph nodes are very inflamed and deliver the pain, the routine ultrasound or puncture can be carried out.This allows you to see if there festering.
Treatment appointed pediatrician, depending on the underlying cause.It may involve the use of pharmacological drugs and folk remedies.Moreover, pharmacological drugs usually prescribed to deal with underlying disease, and folk remedies - to enhance immunity, and improve the overall condition of the child's body.A very useful decoction of oats, mint, herbs and lotions from others. But alcohol compresses to the neck for children of any age is strictly prohibited.
important to remember that there is a slight increase in the lymph nodes are normal.Especially for children up to three years, the immune system who is in its infancy.However, if we consider the phenomenon is accompanied by even a slight increase in temperature or other unpleasant symptoms, and if inflamed several groups of nodes, the doctor's visit is still necessary.
12 Aug, 2017
12 Aug, 2017