The first symptoms of syphilis
Disease / / August 12, 2017
- first symptoms of syphilis
- What chancre?
- Atypical forms of primary sifilom
causes the development of syphilis pale treponema.This microorganism is very unstable in the environment, so is the human body, he quickly dies.The main route of infection of treponema - sex.For such infections requires two conditions:
- microtrauma of the skin or mucosa of a healthy partner;
- presence on the body or in the body (eg, vagina) patient partner sifilom (specific elements of the rash), which in large numbers contained pale treponema.
addition, the micro-organism in certain periods of the disease is shed in semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk of a sick p
Domestic syphilis infection also occurs, but less frequently.For example, the localization of syphilitic ulcers in the mouth of the patient, his cup, a spoon, a toothbrush are a danger to others.Another way of infection, which in recent times, of course, is not as common, - a transfer of the pathogen through a blood transfusion during her.The same can be infected with syphilis by drug addicts.
Finally, children can "get" syphilis is still in utero from their sick mothers.In such cases, congenital disease develops.
During syphilis distinguish several periods, as well as in other infectious diseases - the incubation and three main stages (primary, secondary and tertiary).Let us consider as proceeds primary syphilis (or the initial stage of the disease).
first symptoms of syphilis
For a classic primary syphilis is characterized by a triad of symptoms: chancre (primary affect or primary syphiloma) at the site of entry of the pathogen in the patient's body, increasing the regional lymph nodes (lymphadenitis), and inflammation of the lymph vessels (lymphangitis).
When sexual infection syphilis primary affect usually appears in the genital area.This occurs at 3-4 weeks after infection.In men, the most frequent localization of chancre - a head of the penis foreskin, its transitional fold and scrotum.Do homosexuals chancre may appear in the anus or in the mouth.
Women primary syphiloma usually localized to the labia, cervix, at least in the mouth and the anus (it all depends on what exactly had sexual intercourse).Also, you may receive the chancre on the pubic hair, thighs, abdomen.
Other symptoms of the disease (lymphadenitis and lymphangitis) manifest later (after 7-10 days).In classic cases, it looks like this: on the genitals appear chancre, then formed a tight red cord that leads from the field chancre to increased inguinal lymph nodes.
chancre of syphilis - a specific local reaction to the penetration of Treponema pallidum.It all starts with a little red with sharp edges on the site which appears scaly painless papule (knot), and later formed the erosion or ulcers (deeper defect), it is the chancre (so called in the old sores).
Chancre has several features: it does not hurt, it has a dense base, smooth edges, sloping walls (they look like a saucer), a shiny red surface.Chancre dimensions are variable - from millimeters to centimeters, and may be different form of education (round, oval, reminiscent of the crack).
primary syphiloma usually persists for several weeks on the body.Then begins the process of healing, without any treatment.Features of the healing depends on the type of chancre.So, after traces of erosion can not remain, but the ulcer always leaves a scar.
disappearance of primary syphiloma does not indicate a recovery.Simply disease goes to the next step, that is, secondary syphilis develop in which the infection spreads to the internal organs.
Atypical forms of primary sifilom
Solid chancre - a typical manifestation of syphilis.However, there are other clinical forms of primary syphiloma.These include:
- chancre-felon - inflammation at phalanx.
- induratum edema - swelling of the genitals tight.
- chancre-amygdala - an increase in and seal a palatine tonsil, with ulcers, erosions, or raids on lymph formation there.
These manifestations of syphilis are very similar to the disease completely different nature, so doctors have a difficult time with the correct diagnosis.He pushed them toward the thought of syphilis in such situations, regional lymphadenitis.
In addition, syphilis in the early stages may generally does not occur or may have smoothed the clinical picture and the longer incubation period (for example, if a person takes antibiotics).Therefore, to clarify the diagnosis is always carried out a number of laboratory tests.