Whitlow finger - Treatment and Prevention
The List Of Diseases / / August 12, 2017
Whitlow - is an acute inflammatory disease of the tissues of the finger (or toe).Often it develops on the extreme phalanges of fingers as a result of infection through contact with small wounds, cuts, scratches or pricks.Microtrauma open the gates for the pathogenic microbes, which are getting inside, causing inflammation.Infection can be caused by staphylococcus, streptococcal or enterococcal and mixed pathogens.
inflammatory process can extend to the dermis, subcutaneous tissue, as well as on the joints, bones and tendons of the fingers. There are serous (edematous) and purulent forms felon .
most vulnerable are people with diabetes or suffering from other diseases of the endocrine glands, as well as persons with blood circulation in the small vessels of the fingers.
Symptoms felon felon
The appearance is always preceded by microtrauma.At this point, there is swelling and redness.The area of inflammation felt a throbbing pain jerking.Whitlow is accompanied by chills, fever and general malais
Distinguish superficial forms felon in which inflammation affects only the upper layers of the dermis and deep, in which the affected tendons, joints and bone tissue.
Surface types felon
Skin appears on the back of the finger.Pus accumulates under the top layer of the skin, forming a bubble with muddy contents.The skin at the site of inflammation blushes.There is pain, a burning sensation.If the bubble grows in size, it shows that the disease progresses to the deeper tissues.
okolonogtevogo felon (paronychia) occurs when inflammation of periungual roller.Often this kind of felon is a result of improper manicure.The skin becomes inflamed nail fold from the nail edges as a result of minor skin lesions (bumps, cracks or small cuts).
Deep kinds felon
subcutaneous felon develops under your fingertip.The skin on the finger pad thick.When formed pus can not break out, the inflammation goes deeper.With this type of persistent felon felt shooting pain, sharp pain occurs when lightly pressed.If you do not start treatment in time, inflammation can capture the joints, tendons or bones.
subungual felon characterized by inflammation of tissue under the nail plate.The reason for the felon may be getting a splinter or a shot under the nail.
tendon felon - the worst kind of felon, can lead to prolonged disruption of the mobility of the hand.Leg swelling, limited mobility.If you try to straighten the finger, a strong pain.
articular felon arises if the infection penetrates into the joint cavity.This can occur when injury or be the consequence of a long festering in the soft tissues of the joint.For this kind of felon peculiar fusiform expansion in the area of the joint, limit joint mobility, pain when you press or movement.
Musculo-articular felon occur with the progression of articular felon.In this disease, purulent process in addition to the joint captures bone.
Bone felon affects bone finger.It occurs after getting an infection (for example, infected open fractures), or is a consequence of the spread of inflammation to the bone with the adjacent tissues.
Whitlow, especially deep, always in need of treatment.In a state of neglect inflammation spreads to all tissues of the finger, wrist, and even forearm, develops pandaktilit.Sometimes the only way to stop the spread of suppuration is amputation.
To prevent felon at every even minor damage to the finger to be treated the wound with antiseptic (iodine, hydrogen peroxide, alcohol solution, and so on. N.).
important means of preventing felon - clean hands.But we should not forget that overdried skin cleansers there are small cracks through which can penetrate pathogens.Therefore, you should avoid excessive drying of the skin.
When cleaning or working in the garden you need to wear gloves.If you are unable or unwilling to use gloves - you need to grease your hands with a protective cream before work and moisturizer - after.
You must be careful when dealing with cutting tools and dirt, for example, when cleaning the potatoes.Vegetables always better to wash off the ground and then cleaned.To be attentive and butchering fish (fish bones injections - a common cause of panaritiums).
better not to use other people's instruments for manicure.When manicure need to try as little as possible to injure the skin around the nail bed.Cuticle best move, and do not cut with scissors.Carefully remove burrs - they often cause okolonogtevogo felon.
In the first 2 days after the onset of felon, before the development of festering, doctors prescribe conservative treatment with antiseptics, bandages poluspirtovyh, in some cases - of antibiotics.Do not use hot compress.
If applicable treatment no improvement, but on the contrary, there is a festering - illustrated surgery.
Treatment folk remedies
felon Treatment folk remedies will be effective when applied on a regular basis, with the initial stage of inflammation.If, despite all efforts, the process progresses, there is severe pain, swelling, worsening health and rising body temperature, self-medication should stop and consult a surgeon.
- Permanganic .At the beginning of inflammation can make warm baths for the finger with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.Solution to keep the finger in up to 30 minutes.Also can be used for baths or calendula tincture of eucalyptus.To do this, 1 h. Spoon of tincture should be added to a glass of warm water.
- Vodka (compress) .Wet cotton or gauze vodka, applied to the site of inflammation and bandage.As the drying - wetting again vodka.The bandage worn 10-12 hours.If necessary, repeat the procedure three days before the disappearance of the symptoms felon.The bandage does not use compress paper and cellophane, so as not to create the effect of a hot compress.
- Paraffin .For the treatment of purulent felon on stage to melt the wax in a water bath in a small piece of container.Then gently dip a sore thumb in paraffin for one second.Repeat this procedure several times.As a result, the finger is formed sufficiently thick wax fingertip.After complete solidification of the wax can be removed fingertip and finger grease iodine or alcohol.
- wheat or rye .Apply to the affected area chewing wheat or rye, cover the top raw cabbage leaf and tie.Change the bandage every 12 hours.Good draws pus.
- Zelenka .For ease pain at hyponychial felon should be good to steam your finger, and then fill the damaged area with green paint.From a piece of cotton wool twist flagellum.Lay under the nail at the point where there was inflammation.The nail will not put pressure on the skin and decrease pain.
- Bluestone .A pinch of copper sulfate dissolved in 50 ml of warm water.Keeping a sore thumb in the solution for 15 minutes.Whitlow will pass after a few treatments.
- Aloe .Cut the lowest leaf aloe (agave) and rinse with water.Cut off the thorns and cut the sheet along.Wrap one of the halves cut down a sore finger and bandage.The bandage to hold for 4 hours.
- Bow .To speed up the ripening felon whole onion bake or cook the onion in the milk.Cut in half and put on the sore spot, fix bandage.Change the bandage every 4 hours.
- Mushroom raincoat .Cut mushroom raincoat, attach the inner flesh to the inflamed site.Dusting ripe spores of the fungus acts as well as the flesh.
- Soap .Finely grate the soap, add a raw egg protein.Stir up a state of pulp.The finished mixture is applied to the site of injury with a thick layer (about 1 cm) so as to capture still intact skin 0.5 cm.Apply the bandage.The bandage to keep up to two days.If the wound is clean, repeat the procedure.
- Olive oil .Soak gauze olive oil.Collect fresh sap from pine or cedar on this napkin.Bandage to the site of inflammation overnight.