Blisters - 20 ways to stop the pain
Other / / August 12, 2017
Blisters - general information
Blisters - this is the way your body lets you know that he'd had enough.Whether it is strong or strong friction vanity, blister, as well as muscle cramps and colic in the side, it is intended to suspend you and make you better prepared for physical activity.
In some cases, blisters are the result of the disease process raznashivaniya too narrow pair of shoes or excessive work in the garden rake.
But blisters can look and how to sign the initiative, when someone tries to do something new for yourself, something worth the extra effort and pain.With blistering start to beginners in walking, racket games, cycling.Different sports cause blisters on various parts of the body, though the feet are the most vulnerable point.
proposed funds are concentrated in blisters on his feet, but many of these recommendations can be applied to blisters from friction on the hands or any other part of your body exhausted.
Symptoms that may be needed to see a doctor
«As a rule, the state
«Blister, without a doubt, inflamed if the fluid coming out of it, not transparent like water, or has any smell, - she explains.- That's when you need to seek professional help. "
Dr. Nancy Lu Conrad Pediatrics agrees: "You can go too far with surgery in the bathroom.At the first sign of inflammation go to the doctor. "
Here's how experts recommend you deal with blisters, which you have already purchased.
Decide: puncture - not pierce
Now that you have a blister, you have to decide that it is better to do, ie whether it should be protected and left alone or puncture and release fluid.
«I think that it depends on the size of the blister, - says MD Susan Tanner, a private practice in Denver, Colorado.It specializes in sports medicine.- Probably, the tourist will advise you not to pierce it, because then you risk to bring an infection.But I think for most people it's just not very practical. "
Although the world and there are tourists, our experts believe that you should pierce the large, painful blisters and leave intact a small, do not cause inconvenience."If you have a large blister pa experiencing load location, almost necessary to drain it - advises Clare Starrett, Dr. Pediatrics, Professor at the Institute of the feet and ankles of Pennsylvania College of pediatric medicine.- They can swell up like balloons. "
Also, blisters that are likely to burst themselves, should be pierced, according to our experts.Then you can control when and how to open the blister, instead of relying on the case.
Make a ring of moles wool
One way to keep a gentle blister without opening - it cut the ring of moles wool and put on the blister."The blister will be located in the middle of the ring, - says Dr. Tanner.- Setting of moles coat will protect it from impact and friction in daily activities.As long as the skin is clean and dry, Mole fleece itself will hold. "
tool Those who wish to puncture the blister, it is necessary first of all to clean it and the surrounding skin.And sterilize your "tool", whether the pin (needle) or a razor blade (we'll talk about it)!"I advise you to use alcohol," - said Dr. Nancy Lu Conrad, private doctor of Circleville, Ohio.
Other doctors recommend to sterilize instruments in the flames rather than alcohol: it means you just have to keep a pin or blade over the flame of a match, until it turns off.(However, let the tool cool down before you touch it to the skin.) Both methods are equally capable of killing germs, and both are equally suitable.
«If a blister hurts me - says Joseph Ellis, Dr. Pediatrics, a private practitioner from La Jolla, California, and consultant, University of California, San Diego - then I'll just puncture it.Take a sterilized needle and slide it into the side of the blister.Make sure the hole is large enough to squeeze out all the liquid from a blister. "
Or cut it
«In our study we we reveal the blisters with a sterile scalpel," - says Dr. Starrett.Not surprisingly, she recommends to use at home for the purpose sterilized blade."Just make a straight cut, - she explains - small enough only to fluid came out."
not touch the skin to blister
«I think that the biggest mistake, which allow people looking after their blisters - is that they tear off their roof - the skin that covers them.This is a terrible mistake! "- Warns Richard Kouvin Dr. Pediatrics, director of the clinic Kouvina feet in Libertyville, Illinois."Always leave the roof, - experts insist.- Think of it as a natural bandage. "
«If you sderet it, you will be very red, raw, painful wound, - explains Dr. Kouvin.- But if you do not touch it, then it gradually hardens and will disappear by itself, greatly reducing the healing time. "
Try triple antibiotics
Recent studies have shown that triple antibiotics (such as Neosporin, for example) can destroy infected blisters bacteria after only two practices, while old media such as iodine and camphor-phenol, practically only delayhealing."Our experts have selected triple antibiotics and iodine and camphor-phenol as well kill germs that, when used in high concentrations, can kill those cells you are trying to treat," - says Dr. Starrett.
Use simple dressings
Once you have treated the blister, it is necessary to tie up and to protect the healing.Although you think that the first thing that uses a podiatrist - is a special gauze and bandages, our experts believe that it is necessary to approach this easier.
«The first thing that I chose - it legkozakreplyayuschiesya cloth sticking plaster", - says Dr. Kouvin.Just consider and Dr. Ellis: "People will tell you to apply a sterile bandage, but they forget that the plaster is sterile inside the cover, so that you actually impose a bit of a sterile bandage, which is mounted directly on the sore spot.This is an excellent and very comfortable dressing. "
gauze recommended for blisters that are too big for the plaster.Secure them with waterproof tape.
Try dressing "Second Skin»
If you are treated and bandaged his blister and just can not wait for the time when he will heal completely and return to an active lifestyle, then you need to learn about dressing "Spenko'z sekond skin"- a porous material that reduces friction and relieves pressure on the blister and the surrounding skin.
«It's a good thing," - says Dr. Conrad, noting that a number of athletes applied petrolatum jelly on the blister before closing his dressing "second skin".
Give him a «breathe»
Most doctors will offer to remove the bandage at night and give the wound to breathe."Air and water are very useful for healing, - says Dr. Kouvin - so hold the blister in water and bandage at night - very helpful."
Change soaked bandage
Although some doctors say they can not change the bandage 2 days without worries, all agree that if the bandage gets wet for any reason, "you may find it contagious and should be changed."This means that you may have to change it quite often if you sweat a lot or a leg you are busy this kind of activity that causes sweating and getting wet bandages.
best to prevent blisters.Here's what experts advise in this regard.
«blisters appearing on the heel, usually the result of the fact that the shoe heel strikes the heel in the wrong place", - says Dr. Kouvin.What to do?"All you have to do in this case - is to put a pillow under your heel shoe heel," - he says.
socks now again become fashionable to walk without socks.Those who follow this fashion, constantly rubbing the heel itself.Those who want to show off the ankles, without suffering the consequences, Dr. Kouvin advises "wearing podsledniki, which cover only a foot directly."Today, they are available for both men and women, and it is much better than going without socks.
foot powder daily
«Powder should be everybody's friend - says Dr. Conrad.- Every day, powdered their legs. "
«When people come to me who wear shoes his size and still rub his feet, - says Dr. Kouvin - I just advise them to powder baby powder feet before putting on socks.This gives the opportunity to sock a little better glide over the foot and prevents blisters.If you are planning a long walk, jogging, tennis match or something similar, one way to protect feet from blistering new shoes - cover areas that are usually rubbed, petroleum jelly.This will reduce the friction. "
Dr. Ellis believes that the ointment "A & amp;D »(commonly used in diaper rash) is actually fatter than petroleum jelly, and" the fatter the better, "he adds.Runners and walkers who prefer not to wear socks, it is strongly recommended to grease the area that could be affected.
Wear new shoes with new socks
«If you have a new pair of shoes, which is tert legs, the first thing I would do - changed socks," - says Dr. Ellis.He advises wearing acrylic socks (they can be purchased at any sporting goods store): they are made of layers and intended to repay the friction, they not injured foot in them.
Use good insoles
Our experts agree that the goods manufactured by "Speck", perfectly protect against blisters."One of the best are chemically treated bubbling nitrogen insole, - says Dr. Kouvin.- Elastic insoles are additional padding to the foot and the heel help freely slide in a shoe instead of being stuck in places, causing a blister ".
The benefits of tannins
study showed that if within 3 weeks of twice a day applied to the thin-skinned, weak spots 10% solution of tannic acid, the skin will become coarse and not be so worn away."If you are an avid athlete and distance runner, you can take advantage of it, - says Dr. Conrad - but amateurs and beginners should not be used tannic acid without doctor's permission."
not wear those awful socks without heels
Although socks without heels (this formless miracle that you can wear anything without thinking) is very popular, our experts do not recommend wearing them."Personally, I am opposed to socks without heels, - says Dr. Kouvin.- I even think that they do not sit.You need to wear a normal sock, with the heel, so as not to wash his feet. "
Cotton socks against acrylic
The "world's socks" are an important debate, which may lead to far-reaching consequences for millions of people footsore, walkers and Olympic marathoners.The reason for this "friction" among the experts is the research, which showed that acrylic socks may indeed better protect against blisters than cotton socks, and other natural fibers.
For years podiatristy especially recommended natural fibers and materials (thin cotton socks and leather shoes).Recent research on the artificial acrylic material steel challenge to face the usual wisdom and go against the advice of the majority of coaches, sports physicians and athletes themselves.
Currently, studies show that cotton socks cause blisters in 2 times more likely than acrylic, and the blisters are usually 3 times as much.
«I am a veteran of long-distance running, and a man who daily treats frayed legs of runners - said Seal Beach, Californian, sports podiatrist, - these results are not surprising at all.I know that in the cotton fiber becomes abrasive wear with repeated use and, moreover, loses its shape when wet.The shape of the sock is critical when it is in the shoe. "
Agrees with him and writer Douglas Ritchie Jr study, Dr. Podiatry: "Many people identify with silky acrylic, neylonopodobnym fiber, - he explains.- At the foot of the spun acrylic feels like cotton socks.It retains the softness and elasticity even if its wet.The acrylic socks legs do not suffer when doing any kind of sport, whether it's walking, running, tennis or anything else. "It may be worth a try.