Methods of diagnosis
Ayurveda / / August 12, 2017
order to comprehensively assess the condition of the patient, the doctor can use any of the following four methods.The best method - a direct perception, although it is not always reliable because of the flaws of perception.All that does not lend itself to direct recognition, should be identified in another way - namely logical reasoning, analogy and testimony of experts.Until the nineteenth century, even allopathic diagnosis was based on clinical dialogue, at the same inspection, palpation and questioning, through which Ayur-vedic physicians distant past received data about their patients.
doctor working on Ayurvedic principles, must use all of their senses, except for the language, to assess the condition of the patient, with some Tibetan doctors even try to taste on the tongue secretions and excretions.However, the sense of smell is usually enough to recognize all that can learn the language.So, ama has a stinky smell, some deviations doshas (especially pitta) odorous and some diseases have a peculia
Traditionally, patients come to Ayurvedic doctor early in the morning before breakfast, and the night before did not take any stimulants.The doctor begins by inspection, that is, the study of all the parts of the patient, which can be seen only through the eyes.Astrological Diagnosis - is also a kind of inspection, as well as diagnosis of the face, iridology, and now they were joined by visualization and diagnostic systems.Ayurvedic physician first examines the tissue, paying attention to their completeness or exhaustion, and then examines the skin in more detail by examining its waste accumulating in the folds, and viewing "nine doors" (two eyes, two ears, two nostrils, mouth, throat, anusand genitals) and their secretion, paying particularly close attention language.As the iris, hands, feet and the outer surface of the ears, the tongue is a map of the internal organs.A careful study of the language gives an idea about the state of the digestive fire of the body with toxins congestion, the effective or ineffective wool movement of the channel state, and much more.
feces Study reveals the condition of the digestive tract, particularly the presence or absence of ama.Urine, which according to some estimates first appeared in India around 1100 BC.e., it is being more thoroughly.In Tibet, it has reached the level of genuine art.For the analysis of the sample taken from the middle fraction morning urine, and Tibetan investigate its three times: first in hot, warm and then finally cold.In a healthy person all should be in moderation: and color, and the steam and the smell and the foam.
Urine is very light, or light blue or light pink in the states due to wool, bright yellow or orange when Pitt (if the patient did not take vitamins B, did not eat beets or anything else such that stainsurine), and milky white when kapha.The presence of haze generally indicates a heat disorder.Urine starts to smell of undigested food in the states where the digestive tract is present ama.Tibetans also use urine in the diagnosis of tumors, on the question of whether the patient lives or dies will remain, as well as in the diagnosis of spirit possession.They decide whether a drug to a patient, pryskaya them in his urine is suitable, if it sinks, the positive effect will not be, if it quickly spreads over the surface, hence the positive effect will come quickly, and if it has spread only in a limited area, so the effect will be sustained.
Under this heading passes any method based on touching the patient.Palpation includes pulse study, evaluating the relative warmth or coolness of the body, check stiffness, softness and roughness of the skin.From all this it is the most important pulse diagnosis.Some traditional ayurve-odic not ask doctors questions patients, but instead take the silence pulse and reported to the patient on it about its symptoms.Apparently, the heart study was first included in Ayurveda Sharngadharoy, although there is some evidence to suggest that it has been used in medicine LED Dhow.However, perhaps wandering yogis and sadhus, who have dedicated their lives to the study of prana and worship it, doing it even earlier.
Pulse Study - a study of the movement of prana in the body.All moving creatures have their own mode of transportation.Qualities inherent in the mind, generate a specific rhythm wool movement, which manifests itself as a characteristic of being gait (the causeway): ducks on the run transshipped, frog jump, fly fly, and elephants solemn tread.Each combination of doshas is embodied in a characteristic gait in the pulse, but basically all of gait due to cotton - the only moving dosha.Diagnosis of heart rate - the study of these gaits, supplemented in some cases, the study of individual organs.
For diagnosis by pulse, you can choose any of the arteries of the body, including those located at the foot dorsalis pedis, which is sometimes used to determine the proximity of death, and the radial artery at the wrist, which is believed to indicate the duration of life.Most often, however, used the radial pulse, sometimes referred to as "evidence of the soul."In the literature there is a description of eight hundred varieties of pulses, of which the most important for the wool are the leech and snake, for pitta - a sparrow, crow and the frog, and for kapha - swan and pigeon.Pulse quail and kuropatochnogo type reflects the conditions in which all three doshas unbalanced.
Pulse measured early in the morning before a meal and drinks.Typically, the doctor feels the man's right hand first, and a woman - first left, since the right half of the body, most people men and because she usually prevails in men, while the left, the female half typically predominate in women.To detect possible deviations in the movement of prana, it is necessary to examine both halves of the body.The index finger of the doctor is in the half-inch from the crease to the wrist toward the elbow, and the middle and ring fingers are placed next to it, so that the ring finger is closest to the elbow.Index finger measured the strength and condition of the wool in the body, the middle finger is testing pitta and ring - kapha.The little finger is the only test of spirit possession.
Usually pulse vata relatively irregular, weak, fast, empty, cold and changeable.Such a pulse in his fingers wriggling like a leech or a snake.Pulse pitta-type hot, strong, full, regular and average rapidity.Such pulse flutter in the fingers, how to catch a sparrow, frog or raven.Pulse of Kapha-type cool, strong, full, regular and fairly slow.This pulse is floating under the fingers like a swan.Before drawing any conclusions, it is necessary to evaluate for the pulse as a whole.For example, there are modern data in favor of the light variations in heartbeat necessary for good health and proper monotonous palpitations may indicate a risk of death from cardiac arrest.Despite this, in each particular case, the conclusion should be done only after study and other pulse characteristics.
Although the pulse diagnosis is usually used to detect disease, it opens up other aspects of the movement of prana and wool.In Tibet, describes "Seven pulses miracle»:
- family pulse, whereby for the younger member of the family can find the pulse on the status of the whole family as a whole;
- guest pulse, indicating the seat of the person who is going to come on a visit.It measures the pulse of the family member who has to his guest that the closest relative;
- enemy pulse that determines the effects of the attack of the enemy;
- friendly Pulse: Pulse study of head of the family in order to find out how many friends will be in this family;
- pulse of the evil spirit, as measured in a healthy person whose life circumstances have changed in a strange way.So you can determine what kind of spirit was the cause of anxiety;
- substitutive pulse: a study of a loved one pulse when the person can not come to the doctor (this pulse is closer to the prediction of the likely outcome than actually to diagnosis);
- pulse pregnancy, which identifies pregnancy and sex of the unborn child.
Any influence exerted on the body, it leaves a trace in the pulse, skin and other body parts.Diagnosis of heart rate requires at least a touch of doctor's hands to the patient's body.But there is an esoteric form of diagnosis, called svarodayya when not even touch required.Instead, the doctor focuses on subtle changes in the direction and nature of breathing in their own nostrils, indicating that his character in the movement of prana nadi patient.This diagnostic method that requires the utmost sensitivity, excellent knowledge of Wim-Lananda.
on the pulse affects even the doctor.The accuracy of diagnosis by pulse depends on the sensitivity and objectivity of the researcher.Unconscious twitching fingers, errors of perception and mental disposition can easily lead to what is desired to be taken as valid.That is why the Tibetans insist that the day before the measurement pulse neither the doctor nor the patient did not take neither too hot nor too cold, nor too heavy meals, not fasting, but not overeat, not eat anything unusual, not too bothered about sex,not tortured himself insomnia, long conversation, controversy and concern.
On the skill of diagnostics on pulse in India is legendary.The tale of the time when a woman in the court kept in strict isolation from men, tells the story of the king's doctor, who from time to time cause to diseased queen or princess.A woman sat behind the curtain, and tied to her wrist thread, so the doctor had to determine the pulse on the thread.One day the king decided to test your doctor ordered, and instead of women hide behind the curtain pregnant buffalo.Doctor came and sat for a few moments focused on the tip of the thread, and then said: "The patient is hungry.Feed it with grass.After a few days she would have a calf. "
Poll Poll may include listening to the sounds of the body, including the heart beat, breathing noises and other sounds that appear due to disorders and diseases.Thus, at the turn of two parts of a broken bone in friction against each other produces a characteristic crunch.However, most of the survey is the usual rasprosy patient.This helps to more clearly present the history of the disease, identify the causes of the disease, to clarify previous and current symptoms, as well as to find out what the patient thinks about his situation.Some doctors diagnosed only one voice of the patient.The patient's doctor tries to discern the voice behind the words sincerity or lack thereof.The patient, sincerely striving to recovery, and the patient is not quite sure whether he really wants to get better, will respond differently to treatment.And if the doctor is not aware of the true intentions of the patient during treatment may have problems.The physician who understands body language and captures what is behind the words of the patient, will not be misled about the state of the body.
Sometimes temporary differences help to trace a pathological phenomenon.In rheumatoid arthritis pain is usually worse in the morning after overnight joints remained stationary.Movement reduces stiffness and relieves pain.Osteoarthritis, on the contrary, increased by the end of the day, after a perfect movements.Sometimes the symptoms in one area report useful information on the status of the other area.For example, stiffness hamstrings or calf muscles upper part usually means and stiffness in the colon.In addition, no tumor appeared, the skin over it usually becomes bluish-black and tends to quickly become dirty in whatever part of the body.
Symptoms deserve careful attention, since it is determined by what and how the doshas involved in the pathological process.Although, according to Vagbhaty, "no pain no wool, no inflammation without pitta, kapha is no pus, no," the other doshas can modify the effect of leading doshas, which produces one or another symptom.Separately wool gives a strong, tearing, stinging pain, what happens in the abdominal, renal and hepatic colic (colic - a spasm of tubular bodies and wool just manages tubular, hollow bodies).Sudden sharp pain that comes at too rapid ingestion of cold food, also due to the wool - sudden intensification of its coldness.Pitt alone gives a burning, sticky and sucking pain, what happens when sunburn or ulcer.Kapha pain caused by compression, - muddy, heavy and annoying, such as pain in the nose mortgaged.
Inflammation caused by cotton or Kapha flows comparatively gently, while the inflammation caused by Pitta, bright red and burning.Pus given by a cotton wool alone, small in volume, not thick and flows with difficulty.Pus given by Pitt, is hot, the color had yellow or green, and leaves him with blood.Pus kapha goes out in a large amount of white or whitish-green in color, with a heavy putrid odor.A cough that produces a large amount of pure white mucus, likely due to the cold and damp kapha.Coughing up yellow or green mucus and inflammation probably caused by damp warm pitta.Dry cough, especially accompanied by a fever, usually owes its origin to the cold dry wool.
Common cold can be caused by excess kapha, which creates more mucus than they can accommodate channels or - Pitta or wool, which are impeding the free flow of mucus through the channels, causing its accumulation without any actual increase.Pitt creates obstacles for their warmth and intensity that inflames the mucous membranes and clamps the channels, while the dryness, coldness and toughness, these channels wool clogs.The three different sets of common cold symptoms yield: Kapha prevails in case leakage in case Pitta - weakness, and possibly heat, and in the case of cotton - narrowing of the airways and pain, perhaps - headache.
Typical wool symptoms include strengthening movements (diarrhea, tachycardia, teak, dizziness, insomnia), the weakening of the movement (bradycardia, impaired circulation, paraplegia, cramps caused by low sperm mobility infertility, deafness, muteness, syncope), perversion of movement (yawning,hiccups, convulsions, incoherent speech, tremor, chorea, delusions, hallucinations, mania, and the like), as well as the separation of tissues (skin cracks, hair-section, offset joints, fractures, deformation, loss of organs atrophy, amnesia, rheumatism and so on.d.).
Symptoms of Pitta include indigestion, diarrhea, acidity, fever, inflammation, increased sweating, burning sensation, weakness, gangrene, ulceration, bleeding, redness, rash, jaundice, anemia, moles, freckles, and so on. D.
Symptomskapha are essentially symptoms of ama: atherosclerosis, goiter, paleness, coughing, pressure, drowsiness, lethargy, weight, body fat, excess mucus, obesity, itching, and the like.