Why am I having a liver disease and bile duct
Helpful Hints / / August 12, 2017
liver diseases are quite common and significantly impair quality of life.In this way they are a serious problem for their owners and in general health.Therefore, their causes, course, treatment and prevention cause a healthy interest in inquiring minds of scientists, ordinary fighters with this disease - doctors and, of course, people who are there.To defeat the illness, you have to know about it as much as possible.We are not talking - all because they know all is almost impossible.Medicine is constantly evolving, new facts, improving laboratory and diagnostic equipment, conducting research, accumulated experience, expanding pharmacology.
In health care there is the term "quality of life", which includes an assessment of a person's ability to work, to enjoy life.Therefore, damage to society and damage a specific person from the disease measured by its impact on quality of life.
Before curing the disease, it is necessary to study it.A study of the disease begins with the knowledge of its causes - etiol
- toxic effects
- Disorders of fat metabolism
- digestive organs diseases
must start withheredity.It is - it is the potential that a person receives from their parents and to be able to use correctly.Heredity may be better or worse, but it is in any case does not mean that if we are not lucky with this, let us, as they say, add the handle.It is important how we shall deal with what we have.Imagine two boys.One will give a hundred rubles, and another - ten.First go and spend all go to different boyish joy and the other properly invest the funds and get benefit from them or profit.From the perspective of a reasonable person might guess who will come more true.Heredity - is the initial capital with which we come into this world.Hereditary causes of liver disease may be at imperfection of its functions, and abnormal development of itself, or biliary tract.Hereditary abnormal liver function deficiency or absence is shown the ability to synthesize and disposal of any substance.This tends to cause liver disease are not very, and the whole organism.For example, Gilbert's syndrome, in which it is not able to bind bilirubin, which is manifested by jaundice, general intoxication.Directly liver disease cause structural anomalies her and biliary tract.building last anomalies often occur in the form of a narrowing of the bile duct bends, distortion of the gallbladder.This leads to disruption of the bile drainage, its thickening, which is characterized by increased pressure and intrahepatic bile, in turn, leads to the destruction of hepatocytes and bile disruption process.It affects the liver itself, and the process of digestion, in which the bile plays an important role.Thickening of bile creates favorable conditions for the occurrence of cholelithiasis.Bile becomes more concentrated, which leads to precipitation, which is converted into stones.Heredity is determined by regulation and excretion of bile ducts, which causes inadequate biliary dyskinesia.The foregoing are the main causes of hereditary influence on the occurrence of liver diseases.Hereditary diseases associated with an abnormality of the erythrocyte membrane, also deal a blow to the liver.Sickle-cell anemia, thalassemia, spherocytosis and other hereditary diseases characterized by shortening the term of the life and the fragility of red blood cells.This leads to enhanced degradation and increase levels of bilirubin in the blood, which increases the burden on the liver.
Infectious factor - one of the most common causes of liver disease.Basically the liver affect viruses.They - a unique form of life.Viruses are negligible, but, as scientists believe, can destroy the whole world.They are free to penetrate into cells, disrupting their normal metabolism, and they begin to create new viruses.Then, destroying the cell, viruses leave it to affect other cells.
specific to the liver are hepatitis viruses.They emit a few: hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Accordingly, the diseases caused by them, called Hepatitis A, C, C, D, E, F, G. Hepatitis A, B and C may beprovoke acute diseases, the rest flows slowly and is associated with the first, weighing it for.Hepatitis A is also called the alimentary because it is transmitted through food and water and gets into the environment with the faeces of the sick person;and famous Russian SP Botkin infectious diseases - the author who first described it.Due to the easy transfer of hepatitis A often have outbreaks them in institutions and military units.Hepatitis B and C are called serum, because transmitted through blood and body fluids - saliva, tears, semen, the secrets of the skin and mucous glands.But the most threatening of the concentration - in the blood, less dangerous - in the sperm.B and C viruses are well penetrate through the damaged skin.These recently hepatitis are very common and represent a serious social problem.
HBV is transmitted through sexual contact one hundred times better than the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).This is due to the higher concentration of HBV in the gonads secretions compared to HIV.The presence of surface damage to the skin and mucous membranes increases the likelihood of infection tenfold.
hepatitis viruses destroy hepatocytes, causing inflammation of the liver tissue;dead cells impede the movement of bile by the gall channels.As a result, many violations of liver function.A defeat of the hepatitis C virus can lead to liver cancer, hepatobiliary, in which liver cells are destroyed and zhelcheobrazovatelnye structure.Insidious of the virus - in its quiet flow without severe symptoms, for which he received a characteristic called "gentle killer".
Toxic effects on the liver - a sore topic of contemporary humanity.The liver receives all the toxins absorbed into the intestine into the blood through the skin, mucous membranes, lungs.Only it may be less toxic or vice versa.The evolution of humanity has no time for the inevitable and necessary to the progress of industry, changing social priorities.This leads to a delay of the organism to adapt to rapidly changing conditions of the social environment.When environmental factors affecting the living organism, evolving slowly, and the body has time to adequately respond to various internal reorganizations.For a man like prinorovlenie the most difficult, as there are no major adaptation of engines - natural selection and rapid change of generations.Thanks to the latter, by the way, many insects as well and adjusted to household poisons, which we quite unsuccessfully trying to deal with them.But do not be discouraged - we still have a chance!A person given the fact that no other living organisms, and that helps him to be the most numerous and powerful special, - is intelligence.We have created a medicine, we know what is the cause of most of our illnesses, and can overcome them, finally, we can anticipate and avoid danger.But the perversion of intelligence can lead people to drug addiction, substance abuse and alcoholism - self-directed and self-destruction.
We all know what kind of role in the life of man alcohol.How many people ruined their health, how many rock acts committed while intoxicated, as victims of those who were under the influence of alcohol.But along with these sad facts of alcohol - a product firmly entered in our everyday life.In moderate quantities and at a low frequency of use it is not harmful to human health, and in some ways even useful, since it removes mental stress, improves appetite, stimulates digestion.
75-98% of alcohol are broken down in cells of the liver by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase.As a result of this process produces carbon dioxide and water, which, as we well know - quite harmless substances.It is quite another thing when the alcohol in the blood - a huge amount.The liver as the most faithful friend is struggling with any of its volume, resulting in increased oxygen consumption and enzymes, but their number is limited in the body, and "run" for another portion of these important components of the "shop" will not work.This leads to a distortion of the process of disposal of alcohol in the liver and excretion of toxic products of acetaldehyde, which primarily affects the body that has produced it, t. E. Liver.That, in turn, leads to the destruction of hepatocytes nonfunctional their replacement by connective tissue.Hepatocytes, which survived undergo fatty degeneration.At the same time, throwing all his energy to fight with alcohol, the liver is no longer fully carry out other important functions.Therefore, excessive consumption of alcohol gives an unbearable burden on the liver, draining it, and has a toxic effect, destroying its structure.Alcohol consumption leads to steatosis (fatty degeneration), cirrhosis, hepatitis.Changes in the liver under the influence of alcohol have a common name - alcoholic liver disease.
Oriental peoples are very sensitive to the effects of alcohol - this is due to the predominance in their altered liver alcohol dehydrogenase.To give them the only northern peoples who have insufficient synthesis of said enzyme.Perhaps this is due to their relatively recent acquaintance with alcohol, as the harsh conditions of the North there is an excess of fruits, berries and fermentation to produce alcohol are complicated, and it is known, started to bring to them not so long ago.
Various drugs have a toxic effect on the liver.As Hippocrates said: "Every drug in essence poison the whole thing - in the dose."Spoken thousand years ago, the saying has not lost its importance, and to this day, not to say that became even more urgent.This is due to the development of the pharmaceutical sciences and chemistry.Medicinal products become more complex and active.However, you can not give up on them.But even saving one and ruining another, it is necessary to seek a compromise.
Some drugs may act directly on the processes taking place in the liver, altering its metabolism, or have a direct toxic effect.Other inactivated in the liver by overloading it, and recycling products can also be toxic.All this, naturally, leads to liver diseases.Therefore, before you start taking any medication, consult your doctor, who may prescribe laboratory tests that characterize the state of the liver.And for people who have chronic liver and kidney disease, it is vitally important.
poisons - substances violates the vital functions of the body.We can distinguish biological and technological poisons.Biological - it poisons the animal and vegetable origin.Technological poisons produced by a person specially or are a byproduct of the technology used.Poisons can block any biochemical reactions or destroying the cell wall.The venom of certain snakes causes massive destruction of red blood cells.This leads to the release of huge amounts of bilirubin, which is detoxified by the liver, which exerts a considerable pressure.Poison green toadstools strikes directly on the functional activity of the liver.A more dangerous and insidious poisons technology.This different solvents, phenols, phosphorus, arsenic, and aniline. In everyday life, these poisons surround us everywhere.Few people who have never experienced with paints, gasoline, and they contain toxins to the liver.Particularly affected are the people involved in the production of toxic products.For them, a toxic liver disease is considered an occupational disease.Unpleasant its finale is cirrhosis of the liver, which is very difficult to treat.
should not forget about ecology.The twentieth century has started the unrestrained development of the industry, motorization.The twenty-first century "worthy" took the baton.All this leads to the accumulation in the atmosphere, soil, water, various toxins and heavy metals.There will be a great discovery to say that such a negative impact on human health.And the liver as our most important advocate in the fight against toxins is suffering a lot.But, alas, this is our payment for the benefit of industrial progress.
Like any other organ, the liver has not escaped the love with tumors.In addition to tumors arising from the tissues of the liver itself, it is very often become metastatic tumors of other organs - especially from the stomach and intestines.Tumors of the liver itself and metastases grow and destroy its structure, functions violate germinate in vessels, causing severe bleeding.
There biliary tract tumors: gallbladder, common bile duct, papilla of Vater - the confluence of the common bile duct into the duodenum.These tumors occur quickly and are rarely cancerous.They cover the flow of bile, causing the effects described above for the liver and digestive system.The same effect have a tumor nearby organs: head of the pancreas, intestine - causing pressure on the bile duct from the outside.
Disorders of fat metabolism
Disorders of fat metabolism in the body lead to the disorder of the liver.It plays an important role in the utilization of fat.Ingested fats are broken down in the liver triglycerides and fatty acids.The latter are used for construction of cellular membranes, and triglycerides with the release of energy utilized.Therefore, when abuse and excessive lipid metabolism into the organism with food fat pathologic changes occur in the liver.She can not cope with the amount of fat or arriving perverted their sharing in it;fats begin to accumulate, causing its fatty degeneration.Fat collects in hepatocytes in large or small drops.Naturally, this does not allow the liver to fully fulfill its role in the body.
Sometimes there are situations where a person falls on the celebration, during which, for whatever reasons, he will certainly have to drink alcohol.In this case, medical scientists recommend about eight hours before the triumph to take 50 ml of strong alcoholic beverage.This will result in certain liver readiness to develop the preliminary portion of alcohol.Also receiving simultaneously with alcohol and liquid protein food significantly reduces its toxic properties.
Diseases of the digestive system
living organism is a single whole.Therefore we can not talk separately about a particular organ.All the organs directly or indirectly interact with each other, especially the organs of a single interconnected system.The liver is referred to as the digestive system, and hence, the pathology of the organ of this system will necessarily be reflected in it - not the most positive way.The initial parts of the digestive tract is the mouth, followed by the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine and colon.The digestive tract - is a consistent food processing conveyor for out of it are suitable for suction forms of nutrients.It is difficult to imagine all the intricacies of this complex process.And if one link falls, it will break the whole chain.If the initial stage of digestion is violated, for example, in the mouth, it will inevitably be affected, and all the lower divisions.