Ergonomics for work and leisure
House / / August 12, 2017
Laws ergonomically designed to make our lives more convenient.What you need to know what rules to take into account that both at home and at work always feel comfortable?
FAQ. Ergonomics (from the Greek ergon -. And work nomas - law) - is the science that studies the complex human processes of its life, as well as the surroundings with which he encountered in the course of work or leisure.
Science ergonomics came with very specific purpose: to increase productivity.In the search for ways to solve this problem, experts realized that the effect can be achieved by creating the most favorable conditions: a person simply does not arise conscious or unconscious feelings of discomfort.The less he is tired, the more sew shirts, bake buns, write articles.Over time, ergonomics and came into our home, as it was obvious that the better a person is resting, the more power it will have for the physical and mental activity.Ergonomics Guidelines are developed empirically.They do not rely on the opinion of one exper
workplace depends on the kind of employee activities.It is clear that the average desktop ekonomista- accountant will be different from the desktop receptionist and even more so from the desk of the director.However, it is important to learn a few basic general principles.Dimensions of the workplace must comply with anthropometric, physiological and psycho-physiological data of the person.The construction area of the workplace and the relative position of its elements should provide an easy reach of all that is in profzone ".For the office worker the area around the desktop, as a rule, does not exceed 6 m2.At a minimum, people should not touch each other, arms stretched out to the sides, this will allow them to function normally.They can be created and customized, non-standard conditions of the workplace.They may need to lefties, people with limited vision and capabilities.Solution - equipping them with jobs with special equipment, supports for the legs or arms, ramps, locks or other devices.
Working surface of the table is generally 120 cm in length.Minimum width - 60 cm if it is a computer or office equipment - 80 cm. The height of the chair should be adjusted for height (40 to 60 cm), which ensures its versatility for people with different physical characteristics.Comfortable table, easily adjustable in height: for example, you write - to fall below, disassemble the paper standing - rise above.Use and ergonomic mounting and palm computers, monitors, laptops, they work on the principle of the human hand - angle adjustable in all planes.Particular attention should be paid to lighting.Fixtures should have a certain brightness, the light should not fall into the eyes cause glare.Such lamps produce several degrees of freedom and can be easily adjusted depending on the performed tasks at a particular point.
Many people make the repairs themselves.But when the redevelopment of apartments or the construction of houses should take into account the standards developed.Otherwise, it may be that the passage is narrow, and when washing bob his head on the shelf.About the layout of premises need to think at the design stage.It affects the comfort of living.When designing a room, you should adhere to the proportions.The favorable aspect ratio of rooms from 1.5 to 1 to 1 to 1.75: that is, one of the room should not exceed the other by more than 1.5 times.
main room in the house is usually the kitchen.If you are just planning your house or doing alterations to the apartment, please note that the kitchen area should be at least 10 m2.This will give the opportunity to place additional equipment.The width of the space should be at least 2.5 m, preferably more.Cooking will be comfortable, if the height of countertops for people of average height is about 90 cm, width - 60 cm, the distance between the edge of the table top and a table or desk -. 120 cm is very important to correctly position the hanging shelves that you use often, otherwise you'll have to stand ontiptoe or use the stand.The most convenient Regiment located at a height of -170-180 cm (at or slightly above the mistress of growth).If the main items are arranged in a line, the following elementary logic, they should be in the following sequence.We brought food - you need a refrigerator.We put him first.Product was removed from the refrigerator and my - need a sink (between a good idea to place a small table).Then he needed a table, where you can put the products to cut them.The next stage - a plate.Then again, the table where the pot, remove from heat will be supplied.
It is necessary to pay attention and bathrooms.Bathroom with shower, sink and toilet must have minimum dimensions of 2 by 1.12 meters.It is desirable that between the sink and the wall perpendicular to it was not less than 20 cm. If you plan to install two sinks, the distance between them should be not less than 60 cm, so that people are not knocked together by hand.Bathrooms are placed near the bedrooms, floor space should be at least 5 m2.Ergonomically placed bathrooms and toilets on each floor of a house or apartment (if it is 2 or 3-level), to minimize the way to the bathroom, as well as to avoid unnecessary movement on the stairs.
bed is comfortable, if a man will account for not less than 90 cm in width and in length - more growth of 10-15 cm is clear that the larger the bed, the more comfortable to sleep on it..However, size is not crucial - much more important than the quality of the bed and, above all, the presence of an orthopedic mattress and pillows.They have a certain rigidity, corresponds to the natural curves of the spine."Correct" pillow or is in the form of two rollers, or hollow under your neck - it is comfortable to sleep on as the back and on the side.This pillow should be selected individually by measuring the length of the shoulder.The modern trend - "smart" sleeper system.She has a prosthetic base with at least 2-4 hardness zones: in the hip part - the more stringent guide, under the loin - a little less rigidity, under the head - even smaller, and under his feet - again more.In such a system governed by bends, for example, for a comfortable reading.An important requirement for ergonomic things - environmentally friendly materials.Modern hi-tech design has long bypassed natural materials - they "breathe", easy to process, more durable and very pleasant to the touch.
in individual sectors highlighted areas of ergonomics in the automotive industry.The task of engineers - to make the most comfortable driving, to ensure the safety of the driver and passengers.To do this, more and more car manufacturers have to take into account the peculiarities of a particular customer group.So, in the last century have been developed "female", "cars with built-powder compact, lipstick and a place for a special recess for the heel and under the pedals.
into account the recommendations of ergonomics manufacturers of many things: suitcases, toothbrushes, scissors, accessories for writing, computer mice and keyboard ... Of particular importance is the science in the manufacture of instruments and appliances - such as electric drills and sewing machines.
According to the laws of ergonomics build houses and public buildings, produce furniture and household items, make tools and vehicles ... All calculations in construction and factory production of a variety of things to do on the basis of the parameters of the average person.It is believed that the growth of the individual is equal to 175 cm. If you are 10-15 cm above or below, it will also feel comfortable.But if your growth is fundamentally different from the standard, it makes sense to consider buying custom-made furniture, especially those items that you use often.Outlook order furniture and other "under him" things worth considering, and those who have any physiological features (eg, left-handedness) or health problems (poor vision, scoliosis, overweight).
12 Aug, 2017
12 Aug, 2017
12 Aug, 2017