Infertility - 18 ways to help fertility
Other / / August 12, 2017
Infertility - overview
you decide to become parents.A few months ago in a festive mood you roll condoms, spermicidal creams and the old lady-diaphragm.Since you enjoy sex without precautions.
But little problem: love does not have children from these classes.And it starts to bother you.How much time is required for conception?And what can you do to help nature?
Symptoms that may be needed to see a doctor
you want to have a baby, but the body does not want to help you.Do I have to wait a little longer and it's time to consult with specialists in infertility problems?
According to our experts, medical advice is necessary in the event that:
- menstruation have scant or irregular and cervical mucus does not change.It is possible that you do not ovulation;
- you use the test to determine ovulation for three cycles, but he has not shown that it's going;
- you do not have 35 years, and you could not get pregnant, despite the fact that during the year were not protected during sexual intercourse, or you 35 and you could not get pregnant for 6 months;
- you allocated milk or grow hair like a man, on his chest, above the upper lip or chin.Perhaps you have hormonal disorders;
- you or your partner suffer from chlamydia - a disease transmitted through sexual contact, which can break down the fallopian tubes in women, and inflamed scar system seminal ducts in men;
- in your medical history contains a record of inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian disease, surgery on the abdominal organs and the urinary system, injuries of the peritoneum, mumps or measles;
- you use IUDs;
- you or your partner have had to deal with some substances, such as lead, which have a negative impact on fertility.
Tips for couples
expert advice given here for those couples who are beginning to worry about the fact that they can not conceive.Wait
If you are under 28 years old, you have a great sex life and there is nothing in your medical history that would indicate possible problems with the reproductive function, our experts say: do not worry for a year.
«Approximately 75% of couples conceive occurs within the period of 6 months to a year, - says Dr. Mitchell Levine, an obstetrician-gynecologist in the department of women's health in Cambridge, Massachusetts.- When you get older, the ability to conceive naturally somewhat reduced. "
«Even in women aged 20 to 30 years do not ovulate every day - adds Dr. Joseph X. Bellina, Director of the International Institute of Omega clinics for infertility treatment in New Orleans, Louisiana.- In thirty years the probability of monthly ovulation begins to decline, which is why the older you are, the sooner you should consult with a specialist. "
Talk to each other you both are sure that you want to have children, or one of you still hesitating?Our experts have a lot of examples where the couple have been trying for several years to conceive a child, in fact, this truly did not want to and could not make it up as long as the uncertainty persists one of the partners.
«I had a couple, and the man was older, had children from another marriage and was not sure he wanted to be a father in this period of his life, - says Dr. Levine.- After several conversations on this subject he really had a great desire to become a father again, and that's when they conceived. "
«Yes, this fear - adds Dr. Marilyn Milkman, an obstetrician-gynecologist in San Francisco and an employee of the clinical faculty of the University of California, San Francisco.- I had four patients, who came to identify the causes of infertility and get pregnant within a month after the conversation. "
Unleash your senses
«Forget ovulatory cycles and planned to sex until you are absolutely sure that you do not need to worry about it.If you have time, let passion take you over, - says Dr. Milkman.- Often it is best to help. "
Unload your time
«Rabotomaniya and constant voltage - burden, reducing the ability to conceive, - says Dr. Levin.- I saw a lot of people making a career, and said to them: "Think of that setting, you give your body."For Dr. Levin that matters and from an evolutionary point of view.Our body knows that the period of excessive stress - not the best time to get pregnant.
pose a fertility
«The situation in which the man on top during intercourse, is the best for conception - says Dr. Bellina.- A woman should lie down for a further 20 minutes after her partner ejaculates. "
«I advise couples to have sexual intercourse in the days immediately before going to bed," - he says.
cigarettes can harm the fertility of both men and women.Surveys of men have shown that smokers were significantly more likely than those of non-smokers, sperm count less than normal and lower sperm motility.Examination of 17,032 women conducted in England found that the more cigarettes smoked per day, the woman, the less likely she is fertile.The researchers suggest that smoking may alter hormone levels in a woman's body.
Goodbye, cream, hello, egg white!
all surprised when Dr. Andrew Toledo, expert in fertility at Emory University, and Associate Professor of the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, confirmed that couples use egg whites as a vaginal lubricant to facilitate conception."This is not some kind of magic - says Dr. Toledo.- It is useful as a lubricant only for those couples who have a problem with the dry. "
He advises couples to use egg whites only for a few days a month when a woman can conceive.All other times must use any lubricants, which are preferred.
Dr. Toledo said that he was intrigued by the results of Canadian researchers who have shown that egg protein has no negative effect on sperm motility and survival.
«This is reasonable, - he said.- Egg white - pure protein, and most of the sperm in nature as pure protein.Sperm does not feel good in the carrier, which is structurally different from him.
six, seven or eight couples who told me that they need some lubricant, it helped - he said.- Several couples who have tried it have conceived.
But do not use egg white, if this product is causing your allergy, - says Dr. Toledo.- Remove the egg from the refrigerator in advance so it was not cold, and separate the white from the yolk.It makes no difference whether you smear this stuff on the head of the penis or on the cause of the vaginal wall. "
Council only for women
Here are some useful recommendations that women can perform to increase the chances of getting pregnant.
Make sure that you have ovulated
regularly whether your menses?If not, then perhaps you do not ovulate.
«One of the signs of ovulation - a noticeable change in the mucus secreted from the cervix, - says Dr. Milkman.- In the middle of the cycle, the liquid mucus, watery and clear.Other symptoms include premenstrual breast tenderness, cramps and ovulation pain. "
Another way - ovulation test using a special kit that you can buy in a drugstore."Test-set, showing the level of excreted with urine ovulation hormone, only 50% effective if you use it in the morning or in the evening, - says Dr. Bellina.- Test kits are available only in the doctor's office, usually more accurate.The best time to test - between 10 and 12 o'clock in the morning. "
If you receive a positive result in the first month of use, it's great.If it's been 3 cycles without a positive result, it could mean either that the test is not sensitive enough, or you do not ovulate.In any case, consult your physician.
Try to maintain your normal weight
Some ovulation may improve women if they get better or lose weight by several kilograms.In general, the closer your actual weight to the ideal, which is included in the statistical tables of body options, the better.You should be in the range of 95-120% of the ideal weight.
The researchers found that body fat can actually produce and store estrogen - the hormone that prepares the body for pregnancy.When the total amount of estrogen in the body is too high or too low, the overall balance of the hormone system may be broken.The more fat, the more estrogen is formed.
data confirmed research carried out endocrinologist - a specialist in reproduction, G. William Bates, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology and dean of the Medical Faculty of South Carolina College of Medicine..At 29, slender and neovuliruyuschih women began ovulation after they gained weight enough to get into the 95% of the ideal.It took 3 years, they began to carry out the program, and 24 of 29 become pregnant.In another study by Dr. Bates 11 of neovulirovavshih 13 overweight women ovulate recovered after they lost weight;10 of them conceived.
Be careful with exercise
For this there are two reasons.If the load you will lose too much fat, you can stop ovulation.But even if you maintain a healthy weight, you can still put yourself at risk if you spend more than an hour a day for heavy sports such as running, cross-country skiing cross country or swimming.
Dr. Beverly Green, a maternal health expert and childhood in Silverdale, Washington, when examining 346 women with ovulatory dysfunction found that in women who had never been pregnant and vigorous exercise more than an hour per day, increasedthe risk of infertility.As demonstrated by this study, exercise has a negative impact on fertility, contributing to weight loss.
What if this happens?Dr. Bell suggests that endorphins - brain chemicals released during intense exercise - may, like morphine, affect the level of prolactin in women.Elevated prolactin levels can adversely affect ovulation.
Anyway, Dr. Greene, running marathon, which had no problems with carrying a child, warns against the perverse interpretation of the results of its research.What's her advice active athletes?Try to reduce the load and see what happens.
Choose the right time
«If ovulation is normal, maybe the fact that you do not make love at a time when you are fertile.It is possible for a simple explanation - says Dr. Levine.- Sometimes couples come prosperous couple who have intercourse there are one or two times a week, and they miss this moment. "
«How can I fix this?Try to determine ovulation, and then try to calculate the date of your next period and count back 14 days.Then make love every night from 11 th to 16 th day.Or you can buy in a drugstore test kit to determine ovulation to within 24 to 36 hours.When the test shows that you have ovulation, make love that night and the next, "- says Dr. Bellina.
Do not douche
All that changes the pH of the vagina, can damage sperm.This applies douches, lubricants and various jelly.
«I do not recommend these women douche, - says Dr. Milkman.- If you leave the vagina alone, it itself will do everything necessary to be cleansed. "
If you drink more than one cup of coffee a day may reduce your chances of getting pregnant.The same occurs if you absorb the equivalent amount of caffeine from chocolate, or other soft drinks containing caffeine.
Examination of 104 women who were trying to get pregnant, scientists from the National Institute for the study of environmental influences on health found that those who one day receives a caffeine more than is contained in one cup of coffee, the probability of conception less than half of thosewho use smaller amounts of caffeine.
Tips for men only
Give your sperm time to recover
«Any viral infection accompanied by increased body temperature, can inhibit sperm production for nearly 3 months - explains Dr. Neil Baum, director of male infertility clinic in the NewOrleans, Louisiana, and associate professor of urology clinic.- Severe cold can have the same effect. "
Why this effect is long-term?According to Dr. Baum, in the normal cycle of sperm produced for 78 days.It takes another 12 days for the sperm matured.Healthy semen contains more than 20 million sperm in 1 teaspoon.If you look at a sample under a microscope, it turns out that more than 60% of the sperm are moving forward.
If the sperm count is normal, the cold or the flu, may not beat out its framework of fertility, but if their number is on the lower level rules, the possible violations.
Say "no" to steroid hormones
«Anabolic steroids can disable the pituitary gland and alter the natural balance of hormones in the body, - says Dr. Baum.- For athletes, the problem of infertility is not uncommon - he adds.- Long-term use of steroids can cause irreparable damage to the testicles. "
Be careful with medications and alcohol
different drugs sold by prescription or free, can reduce sperm count.If you are not sure of the medicines that use, consult your doctor or pharmacist.Tagamet, an ulcer medicine, is one of them.Other chemotherapeutic agents are also certain antibiotics.Various studies conducted over the years show that chronic use of alcohol and marijuana can also cause infertility.
Keep eggs in the cool
Nature has chosen a way of maintaining the temperature of your testicles to 0,5 ° C lower than the body temperature by placing them outside.If your internal temperature rises too high or heat up the testicles themselves, it can affect sperm production.
Dr. Baum advises to beware of excessive exercise, high temperatures, hot tubs, and a close-fitting underwear if you want to become a father.
Abstinence makes sperm more
If you aim to conceive, there is no need in daily intercourse, because of this reduced sperm quality.
«For the average couple that does not matter, but borderline cases can cause infertility," - says Dr. Levine.Most experts recommend to refrain for two days from the start of the fertile period of a woman to give the sperm the opportunity to get stronger, and then make love next few days.