Asthma - 20 ways to stop the attack
Other / / August 12, 2017
Asthma - general information
«Asthma - a spasm of the respiratory tract, - says Dr. Peter Kretikos, an allergist and co-director of the Center for Asthma and Allergic Diseases in Baltimore, Maryland.- Your airways suddenly compressed, you feel pressure in your chest, you do not have enough air, and you cough and wheezing. "
«In the age group up to 40 years in about 90% of those asthma triggered by allergies, - says Dr. William Tsiring, an allergist from California.- Pollen, animal dander, dust mites and mold are the major allergens causing asthma.Under 40 years after 50% of such patients.The remaining 50% of asthma caused by some type of pulmonary disorders such as emphysema. "
But, no matter what was the cause, it is not necessarily considered a death sentence asthma.All of the problems associated with light, can be controlled."Asthma - reversible process - says Dr. Tsiring.- You do not have to go far to cope with asthma, a lot can be done at home. "
Symptoms that may be needed to see a doctor
Capture the appearance of new symptoms
with asthma were not kidding!Every year 4,000 people die from the disease.In fact, over the past few years, the death rate from asthma has risen to 23%.
«The death rate is growing every year, - says Dr. Tsiring - and it's sad, because asthma can be controlled.No one should die from asthma! "But people are dying.Why is this happening?"First, patients do not realize the seriousness of the situation, - he explains.- Sometimes they can afford not to have a home of essential drugs or trying to cope with a strong attack, without resorting to medication, then there is already too late. "
How do you know that you need help?"As a rule, if you notice that your asthma increases and you start taking the medicine more often, - says Dr. Kretikos - for example if you normally 1 to 2 times a week using an inhaler and suddenly began to use it 3-4 times a dayit is a sure sign that you should seek medical advice.It is necessary to monitor how often you take the drugs.In addition, experts warn that you must immediately seek medical care whenever you find it hard to breathe. "
Stay away from rooms where smoking
People suffering from asthma should not smoke, but a recent study in Canada showed that the surrounding should not smoke."This is especially important in winter when the house closed tight," - says Brenda Morrison, Research Fellow at the University of British Columbia.
She conducted a study on the effect of cigarette smoke on asthma."If someone in the house smokes, it worsens the condition of asthma patients, especially children."
Do not light the fireplace
Throw another log in the fireplace or stove - and this will cause an asthmatic attack."Furnaces and fireplaces can be a serious problem for people with asthma - warns allergist John Carlson from Virginia.- If so, you need to light a fire, make sure that the furnace and the chimney has good traction to reduce the number of particles entering the room and into your lungs.Make sure also that the room is well ventilated, and the fireplace was a nice hood ".
At night, take an antacid
asthma attacks can be caused by the fact that you go to bed with a full stomach."The reason may become asthma gastric reflux, a condition in which acid enters the stomach back into the esophagus.The contents of your stomach can get into the respiratory tract, when you lie, - says Dr. Kretikos.- Raise the head of the bed and put a pillow higher, so it did not happen, and at night take antacids to reduce the acidity in the stomach. "
Strong frosts - your enemy
you open the front door and step out into the street - in the chest strikes the arctic cold.What can be done?"Sit at home when it's cold outside" - advises allergist Sidney Friedlaender, professor at the College of Medicine at the University of Florida.
Buy large scarf
If staying home is not possible, be sure to cover your mouth and nose when you leave the house."Cold air can trigger asthma, but if a scarf or mask cover your mouth and nose, you will eventually breathe in the warm, moist air," - says Dr. Friedlander.
In Arizona, you better not be
«The warm, dry climate will help you, but now is not so easy to find the ideal climate.Dry the area of Arizona was once a haven for asthmatics, but now it is not, - says Dr. Friedlander.- The environment is changed by prolonged exposure to urbanization and irrigation.Now, in the air there are substances that were not there 25 years ago, so that people with asthma often do not feel better yourself.Some become even worse. "
Try searching for a warm place to dry climate in a place untouched by civilization.Spend a couple of weeks there and watch as yourself will feel your asthma.
correctly use ventilation
car "The ventilation system may have good effect on asthma, but only if this does not flow into the air outside - warns allergist Richard Norman, an employee of the University of New York.- Do not use the machine in a ventilation system that draws air from the outside and cools it.The air outside will bring pollen, and cool air filled with pollen, bad for asthma.Put the fan on maximum operation mode, it will eliminate the possibility of getting the pollen. "
Make sure that you eat
If you eat something wrong, it is a direct path to an asthmatic attack."The most widely known products, asthma triggers are milk, eggs, nuts and seafood," - says Dr. Carlson.If you are asthmatic, learn which foods cause exacerbation of the disease, and avoid them.
Stay away from the kitchen
«Even if you inhale the smells of foods to which you are sensitive, it can provoke an attack," - says Dr. Carlson.Through research, he found that even the smell of eggs frying on skvorodke, was enough for two patients began the attack."You do not even need to have to bring on an attack.For some it is just the smell of food. "
Reduce your salt intake
study conducted in a hospital of St.Thomas in London, found that common table salt can cause a life-threatening condition in asthmatics.Try to eat as little salt as possible.
Be careful with food supplements
«Food additives, especially metabisulfite and possibly sodium glutamate, may trigger asthma, - says allergist Villas Busse, professor at the University of Wisconsin Medical School.- Usually metabisulfite is contained in beer, wine, shrimp and dried fruit, especially apricots. "
sulfites before sprayed fruits and vegetables on the shelves to make them look fresh, but this practice is now prohibited.The best advice, according to Dr. Busse, - "is found, in which products are added sulfites, and to avoid their use.If you do not eat at home, ask if food MSG or metabisulfite, and if there is, do not eat this dish. "
Do not take aspirin
known a medical term - "aspirin triad."It consists of sinusitis, nasal polyps, asthma and aspirin sensitivity.For some asthmatics, aspirin can have life-threatening consequences."If you have sinusitis and polyps, and asthma, I would recommend to refrain from taking any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin or ibuprofen, as this can dramatically worsen your condition and even lead to death," - says Dr. RichardLoki, director of allergy and immunology at the Medical school University of South Florida.
«sensitivity to aspirin may occur suddenly, so it is absolutely avoid anything that contains aspirin", - says Dr. Friedlander.- If you are taking acetaminophen, no problem. "
use inhalers correctly
inhaler prescribed by a doctor or bought from a pharmacy, can bring quick relief during an attack, if it is used correctly.
«inhaler - it is not a means for freshening the breath.Do not spray on a back wall of the throat, as a medicine in this way misses the light - warns Dr. Michael Sherman - pulmanologii Hahnemann University Hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.- If you see smoke coming out of your mouth, then you are using the inhaler correctly. "
incorrectly as inhaler shove in your mouth and make a couple of quick puffs.Hold the inhaler about 2 cm from the open mouth, slowly take a deep breath and as you begin to breathe in (after about half a second) press the inhaler.Continue to breath after the drug got in, and hold your breath for 3-5 seconds.
«First tightening clears the respiratory tract, but if you make two short tightening in a row, from the second will not be any good.Wait 2-5 minutes and then inhale again, and this will have a beneficial effect. "
Caffeine - your ally
you in nature and suddenly find that you forget your inhaler at home.What if you feel the approach of an attack?Head to the coffeepot."A couple of cups of strong coffee will act favorably on asthma", - says allergist Allan Becker, Associate Professor at the University of Manitoba, who studied the effects of caffeine on asthma.
Dr. Becker discovered that asthmatics who take pills containing the same amount of caffeine as two cups of coffee, "can breathe more easily and their condition is improving."Caffeine and theophylline popular antiasthmatic means almost identical.Your body can not distinguish one from the other.
However, he warns that caffeine is not a substitute for your medicines."We do not recommend it for treatment, but only for first aid when you do not have a drug-handed.Two cups of strong coffee or hot cocoa or a pair of chocolate can be an effective tool that will give you time to get to their medication or an inhaler. "
you useful vitamin B6
fact that vitamin B6 has beneficial effects on asthma, opened accidentally.When the researchers examined the effect of vitamin on patients with sickle cell disease, they found that a few people in the control group (t. E. Not anemic patients) suffer from asthma."If they took 50 mg of B6 per day, it decreased the severity of asthma attacks," - said the therapist Clayton L. Natta, associate professor at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University.He conducted the study."Further observation of asthmatics has confirmed the effectiveness of B6", - adds Dr. Natta.
Large doses of B6 can be toxic and are not recommended, but Dr. Natta believes that for an adult "50 mg - safe dose."To safely take B6 only with the approval and under the supervision of your doctor.
Watch your lungs
course, the best way to combat asthma attack - it does not prevent it."Know your features, - says Dr. Tsiring.- Remember, what were your early signs of asthma attacks.If you have time to recognize the warning signs and will begin to act, you will be able to prevent the attack.
Asthma can not be strong from the very beginning, - he says.- This happens rarely.There is an individual course of the disease, and you can intervene in the process and stop it at the beginning. "The sooner you act, the less will be manifestations of asthma.
How to relieve an asthma attack caused
exercise will awake if your asthma if you are, as usual, have done part of the way jog?Do you suddenly start to choke, doing hard physical work?If yes, then you may have an asthma attack caused by exercise.
«At the Olympic Games in Los Angeles in 1984, 20% of Olympic athletes suffer from asthma, - says Dr. Tsiring.- Now believe that every 10th is a form of asthma among the population. "Here is what recommends Dr. Tsiring.
Shire step, rather than wider mouth
When you have enough air mouth wide open during heavy exercise, you dry the back of the throat, and it is cooled.This causes an asthma attack.Keep your mouth closed and breathe through the nose.
Swim, asthma does not like water
Swimming - perfect exercise for asthmatics.Due to the high humidity of your mouth does not dry up.But you can use any sport that requires shorter active outbreaks, such as baseball, tennis and golf.
If you run like a deer, then quickly exhale.Asthmatics have to restrain myself.Warm up slowly and slowly move forward.
Carry medication in
sports bag Take it before don the tracksuit.If you take the drug 15 minutes prior to proactive, you'll be fine.
And all future Olympic athletes should not worry.Admission asthma medication sanctioned Olympic Committee.
12 Aug, 2017