Moles and blemishes on the skin
Cosmetology / / August 12, 2017
is not completely clear skin.Look around yourselves - any mark is certainly: freckles, moles .What is this spot?Skin formation long since become signs of promise and whether a long life, and mountains of gold, or unexpected shocks, every anything symbolizes and marks.All of these special marks on the body of experts give their own explanation, and one is advised to leave them unchanged, others subject to immediate transformation.
Tags fate (moles)
This woman knows everything brown eyes, thick brown hair, and the main sign - spicy mole in the corner of his mouth."My mole helped me to make a career, it's worth $ 45 million," - says the top model Cindy Crawford.It was the sum estimated state cover girl.
Moles occur in places where the cells that produce the dark pigment melanin (in Greek "black").As the shape of the nose or eye color, or location, or type of moles define genes.
At home speck - a mole, a large - a birthmark.For medicine both - nevi .
Our relationship with moles develop uneasy.Som
But even without ambiguity mysticism with moles weight: whether to get rid of those that their external conditions and location are not satisfied with the delicate taste?Not going to happen if anything, if you do so?
Each of us has on the body count about 20-25 moles.The vast majority of them in the overwhelming number of people peacefully and peacefully coexist with their "masters" for life. But none of them is immune from the malignant transformation .Proceeding in accordance with, in general, three simple rules "always" and the two "never", you reduce the risk to a minimum.
- Always carefully inspect the skin , to be sure: the appearance of moles are not changed.
- Always sunbathe strictly by the hour - before 10 am and after 16 - and do not expose moles to direct sunlight.
- Never not touch the birthmarks unnecessarily , do not try to do something with them on their own do not pull out the hairs that grow out of some moles do not tie up a thread to get rid of the unwanted.
- Always are saving them from any , including the most minor injuries.Therefore, for example, wash only with a soft washcloth.
- Never do not wear tight clothing , if there are moles on the body, which may be affected by friction.
And if it is difficult, because the mole was "not in place"?With this better to leave at once.Another reason to get rid of moles - the desire to improve your beauty. fear that after the removal of its place will arise a tumor, it is not necessary : no moles, no source for the malignant growth.But to deal with any skin lesions should only be a specialist.So first you have to pass a preliminary examination by a onkodermatologa (such doctors take in the beauty institutes, oncologic dispensary and district clinics).He studied birthmark under a special device - a dermatoscope and give the green light to the operation.Without his permission to touch a mole is dangerous!
Small nevi successfully removed with a laser beam .After this brief and painless procedure, traces are left.Birthmarks considerable size are removed with a scalpel, and then placing a cosmetic seam, which is barely noticeable.
What are birthmarks?
- on his forehead - a sign of great intelligence, organizational skills and tremendous vitality;
- on the cheek - a sign of affection and kindness;
- on his cheek - a symbol of determination and generosity;
- above the upper lip - promises a high position in society, a successful career, but also a sure sign headstrong and imperious character;
- on the neck - a man gives his weakness, lack of balance, a woman talks about her volatile, unstable nature;
- on his shoulders - to the many problems and difficulties in life;
- chest - a symbol of love (left impassioned, even vicious right - calm, respectable);
- on the back - warns of poor health, and is a sign of many talents (often sports);
- on stomach - its owners are often selfish and fussy;
- at hand - to a happy marriage;
- on his feet - refers to the gift of foresight.
Sunny bust (melanoma)
have stars of the popular TV series, which is set on the beaches of California, a professional secret: a minute of extra not to be under the sun."We have strict rules: all the actors constantly use on the set of a cream with sun protection factor of at least 15, during the breaks, which are held very often, they continue to play - now with the sun - hide and seek: sit in the shade, wrapped in long beforetoe robes to avoid contact with skin not only direct, but also reflected on the water and sand rays. that is why they have such a young and healthy skin, and they are less susceptible to disease such as melanoma. "The professional opinion of the famous Hollywood makeup artist Joanna O'Connell can trust.
Birthmark - funny, spicy, neutral, and sometimes unpleasant, but melanoma - is scary. It is a malignant tumor that grows from skin cells, able to produce melanin pigment .Most of these cells in the birthmark, so nine times out of ten melanoma develops from there.It should be in a skin cell mutations occur - damage to the genetic apparatus, it begins to "rebel" - unrestrained share.In the short term these "worthless" cell becomes very much ...
70 years ago was diagnosed with melanoma is extremely rare: one or two cases per thousand.Today, according to the American Cancer Society, in danger every 75 American. In Russia every 5 years, the number of skin cancer doubles .
better knowledge of the blessed, but dangerous ignorance. Here's what you should know about melanoma ...
- women get sick more often , than men (the risk increases with the hormonal changes the body - puberty, pregnancy, menopause), people of Scottish type (withbright eyes and white skin, freckled) - more often than dark-skinned (negros and very rarely), residents of the southern countries - most northerners, and those who love to sunbathe - most fans bask in the shade.
- melanoma can develop in any part of the skin , but as a rule, it appears where the clothing does not cover the skin from the sun - is a major risk factor, and the most dangerous stimulus.
- symptoms of disease onset - a childhood friend of birthmark suddenly begins to change color, size, shape, burning sensation felt in her, tingling, pressure, its surface becomes shiny, lacquered (without skin of the figure).
- at the initial stage disease, when the tumor has not metastasized, treatment is very simple - the surgical removal, very simple and short operation.At 100% (!) Melanoma never remind of itself.Therefore, if there was the slightest suspicion, it is better not to consult with a friend or a neighbor, and with the doctor and any "questionable" speck show onkodermatologu or oncologist.
- inherited, genes with disease is not transmitted .
White spots in medicine (vitiligo)
sensational statement was made recently by Michael Jackson.Star claims that with the appearance of a problem he was having was not because of plastic surgery, is guilty of vitiligo - a mysterious disease that affects about 2% of people.
Vitiligo - the opposite of birthmarks.The last - this is an excess amount of fat portions of the pigment melanin, and vitiligo - amelanotic spots.They do not have melanin at all. if vitiligo develops on the scalp under the hair, the strands that grow out of this area, will also be discolored, as if gray in appearance.Diagnosing the disease is easy - just examination by a dermatologist.In all other respects it is a mystery.What is the cause of vitiligo (or, as they say, Pesi), science is not known.Sometimes the spots are present at birth, sometimes appear after previous skin diseases, severe stress, sunburn, at risk - people with diabetes, thyroid diseases.Sometimes it becomes larger, sometimes they disappear by themselves.In 70% of cases of disease develops before the age of 20 years.Experts believe that men and women suffer equally often.But the fair sex more concerned about the cosmetic disadvantage, increasingly turning to doctors.None have vitiligo and racial preferences.Just a black light whitish spots in marked contrast with healthy skin.
deprived areas of the skin pigment, which can be the size of a grain of rice and, with the Donets cups, usually located in sight - face, hands, knees. colorless specks no health problems do not create , they are not infectious and is not transmitted by direct contact or through things, so long vitiligo thought (and some still believe) is just a cosmetic defect.However, for example, in Cuba, it has recently made a list of diseases that can not be a blood donor.
Cuban scientists led by Professor Carlos Miyaresom Kao - a leading specialist in the world for the study of vitiligo - conducted a series of experiments, the animals entering the blood plasma of people suffering from vitiligo.Within 2-2.5 weeks in the experimental mice and monkeys began a progressive loss of skin pigmentation.Perhaps, in the blood of people with symptoms of the disease there are substances that can trigger a focal disappearance of melanin pigment in a healthy body?
As for certain unknown mechanism of vitiligo is not clear how to get rid of it.Today proposed 4 main ways:
- Beauty. There are many tools (special creams, makeup, masking pencils), enabling reliable hide stains.
- Therapy. In some cases, help to corticosteroids and local photochemotherapy.
- Surgical. If spots are small, it is possible to resort to skin grafts.
- Auxiliary. positive effect sometimes occurs in the application of medicinal plants (duckweed marsh, green walnut and St. John's wort) corresponding to homeopathic remedies and receiving systems with vitamins A, C, E, B complex, and minerals copper, zinc, manganese.
Just do not think that this is a small white spot on the knee - vitiligo.Recall, most likely at this place until recently you had a sore that has fallen off, and underneath it was a young and tender skin is lighter.
must be protected from sunlight , to, first, protect amelanotic - very tender and vulnerable - areas of burns, and secondly, do not tan, or the contrast between the milky-white spots and darkenedunder the action of ultraviolet light skin would be too sharp.Failure to hours of mindless lying under the scorching sun for chocolate tan - a reliable means of preventing a mysterious ailment.