Ayurveda / / August 12, 2017
taught the Charaka and buddhist doctor Jivaka proved in practice that there is no substance in the world that would not bore the medicinal properties.It's all about knowing how to use these properties.The basic Ayurvedic treatises mentioned about six medicinal plants selected by the ancient seers of the thousands of species of plants growing in India.The criteria for this selection are unknown to us.Perhaps some plants included in the list because of its ubiquity, others - because of the ability to help in a wide range of diseases, while others - because of their unique properties.
Plants have always played an important role in Indian culture, and even in these days of general chemistry and plastics, millions of people still use natural substances in our daily lives.They eat from disposable plates made of palm leaves, smoke cigarettes, twisted into a tendu leaves of the plant, refresh the home, tying the fans vetiver roots, make offerings of flowers, fruits, seeds and roots of their gods and goddesses.S
Indian plants from the point of view of the West Indian
plants for thousands of years attracted the attention of foreigners.Dioscorides mentions many Indian plants: Datura that smoking asthma, gag walnut, helps with paralysis and indigestion, croton, used as a laxative.Pliny lamented the constant leakage of Roman gold to India for the purchase of expensive medicines and Indian spices.Modern Western drug companies scour the Third World - which includes India - in search of rare herbs that could be used for medicinal purposes.Many Indian plants or extracts of them have already been adopted by modern medicine.Psyllium seeds are used in disorders of the intestine, and the alkaloid reserpine obtained from Rauvolfia serpentina, - with an increase in blood pressure. Cissampelos pareira used in Ayurveda for quick termination of diarrhea, while modern researchers have found in it a powerful muscle relaxant very mild.In China, this plant was used for anesthesia and muscle relaxation, and Rajasthani folk medicine - as a remedy for snake bites.
and many other plants that had previously been used almost exclusively in traditional medicine, is now attracting the attention of various researchers.Allopathy interested in herbs such as Cassia fistula, Elephantopus scaber and Pristimera indica (the same that Hippocratea indica), exhibit some properties of antibiotics; Pergularia extensa (the same as the Daemia extensa), uterus exerts on the same effect as oxytocin; Jatropha glandulifera, possessing immunomodulatory properties; Butea superba with its obvious effects of estrogen.Ayurvedic Doctors recently discovered plant Tylophora asthmatica, which is not mentioned in the well-known texts in Sanskrit and Unani, but is now widely used in the treatment of bronchitis and asthma.Investigated as bamboo shoots and seeds of neem, betel leaf, bibhi still and three kinds of tomatoes as the likely male contraceptives.The most promising of this series looks papaya seeds that can immobilize sperm, and their effect is reversible - after two to three months after discontinuation of the male seed is again ready to conceive.A similar effect of these seeds have apparently, and women, and can cause miscarriage.
Particular attention has recently been paid to the plant Coleus forskohlii, of which was allocated to a substance called forskolin, ability to activate cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP).As used in Ayurveda for the treatment of heart disease, this plant is on the right was cardiotonic and modern medicine In addition, it lowers blood pressure and has an antispasmodic effect, and therefore used for the treatment of abdominal colic, pain during urination, respiratory diseases, insomnia and seizures.
Some plants are valuable for its unusual qualities.For example, mixed with water, juice leaves of Cocculus hirsutus forms a jelly applied topically and internally for Ms-roponizheniya. Laportea crenulata causes high fever and swollen glands at the mere touch of her-even elephants in the jungle does not reach it.However, the seeds of its states that they are not less potent antipyretic than coriander and juice squeezed from the root of the plant is indicated for prolonged fevers.Raw seeds of plants Canavalia virosa, considered poisonous and narcotic, rubbed one hand and cling to the bite of a scorpion and centipede 5-7 hours.When they fall off, no poison is left in the wound.
Many medicinal plants have become known for their other properties.For example, birch bark before ispolzovalas- sometimes used now - Inscription yantras (magical diagrams).Shredded wood teak (Tectona grandis) can be used as an antipyretic plaster with "hot" headaches and tumors, and its infusion of "cool" the stomach for internal use.Red leaf juice has a mild antiseptic effect.Another combatant tree Shorea robusta allocates resins used in the treatment of dysentery in the form of patches, and Fumigation to enhance digestion and increase sexual desire.Resin pine (Pinus longifolia), used to make turpentine, used internally for toning the stomach and externally as a plaster to accelerate the maturation abscesses.Cedar oil, resin, bark and needles stimulate sweating with fever and help with gas formation, rheumatism and respiratory diseases.The plant Sapindus trifoliatus - «soap nut" - today more often used for hair and body wash, as well as for cleaning silver, than as an emetic, as it was in the classical Ayurveda.
Many plants that are well known by western herbalists, are also growing in India, but not found in the classical Ayurveda widely used, although most of them are used in folk medicine.Among such plants can be called hawthorn, watch, vervain, St. John's wort, hyssop, calendula, rhubarb root, mullein, nettle, belladonna, red clover, kudzu, burdock, mother-and-stepmother, melissa, mistletoe, oregano, eyebright, bedstraw, plantain, different kinds of wormwood, thistle, cattail, yarrow, violet, Chandra, tarragon, ephedra.Juniper appears in the text, but is not used very often.These herbs are generally used in the same Indian folk medicine, as in Europe.Mullen, for example, is used in respiratory diseases, and as a poultice for inflammation.
Senna (Cassia angustifolia), widely used in the West, a laxative, was not as popular in the classical Ayurveda, although its sister plant aragvada (Cassia fistula) is often used as a mild sweet laxative, as well as for Mrs-roponizheniya andfor skin diseases.Other species of the genus Cassia used for coughs and asthma.In mint in Sanskrit do not even have names, though half a dozen of its species grow in India.In folk medicine, the use of peppermint gas and colic, to improve blood circulation, headaches, nausea, coughing and stagnation.Fungi and lichens are not widely used, the use of ferns is very moderate.The Gauls, which are growths on trees due to insect activity, used as an astringent in diarrhea and dysentery, and as an expectorant for respiratory disorders.
Some herbs that have not been cultivated before, now widely cultivated and used.Many of them were introduced by Arab and European physicians.These plants include wintergreen, whose oil is almost pure methyl salicylate and is used topically for pain and ailments, as well as eucalyptus - a tree that is planted in large quantities the State Forestry Administration, and the effect of this measure proved to be ambiguous, since the eucalyptus, Thereforeappears to reduce the level of groundwater in the area where they grow.Whatever it was, eucalyptus oil struck the imagination of the public and is now being sold on every street corner in the cities, and even wandering traders in trains.It is considered a remedy for rheumatism and disorders of the upper respiratory tract, as well as mosquito repellent.
history of other plants imported to India is filled with even more dramatic events.From the seeds of the plant Argemone mexicana an oil that dishonest traders mixed in mustard oil.As a result, the consumption of adulterated oil developing hydrocephalus.The addiction to cocaine began to spread in India in the early 1890s, apparently in Bhagalpur (Bihar city).Within a decade, cocaine use has increased dramatically, mainly in the big cities along major rail lines emanating from Bombay and Calcutta.Cocaine was used primarily as a sexual pathogen, it was added to the paan - chewing a mixture of betel leaves and nuts.Things reached the point that became addicted to cocaine more than a million Indians, but by the 1930s, consumption began to decline, and now it is only limited to major cities.
history of opium cultivation in India has at least five centuries, and the first to mention opium in Ayurveda, was apparently Sharngadhara.When, in the XVI century Emperor Akbar introduced a state monopoly on the opium trade, opium has become an important source of Sino-Indian trade.This monopoly finally passed into the hands of the East India Company and became the cause of the "Opium Wars".The British wanted to force China to import Indian opium to his addiction to Chinese smokers.And all that for a long time, until the British government tried in every way to produce opium addiction in China, India, babysitting soothed their babies wards small admixtures of opium, especially when those began to cut teeth.Dried poppy heads mature, narcotic effect which is very small, used in medicine long before the sap was recognized as a drug.The infusion of the head was the most common drink in the period between the XVI and XVIII century: often he appeared on the table of the Emperor Akbar.Today, opium consumption is limited primarily rural areas of Rajasthan, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh.
Tobacco was in India recently.Rather, it brought Portuguese traders centuries ago.Folk healers are encouraged by the emergence of new drug endowed with cleansing, drainage and analgesic properties.Tobacco smoke is blown into the ears with ear pain and toothache they fumigate the gums.When sprains and strains in the joints fumigation of tobacco smoke helps to endure pain.Coal tobacco brush their teeth.The same coal in a mixture with salt take in severe, wheezing cough.Of the whole tobacco leaves make a poultice with swollen bites and scorpion.Paste from the leaves, mixed with turmeric, treat skin diseases, and the same ointment with slaked lime pulls splinters and pus at panaritiums.
course, tobacco contains a deadly poison, and the habit of tobacco can cause many dangerous diseases.However, infrequent smoking or chewing tobacco at therapeutic doses tones the colon and sharpens the mind.Nicotine has the property to modify the activity of brain chemicals.Tobacco can contribute to solving complex problems by increasing the Aller-tnosti and concentration, improving memory (especially long-term), reduce anxiety, reduce pain sensitivity, reduce hunger, etc. It all depends on how you use:.. Short inhaling tobacco smoke excite the nervous system,and deep - soothe her.This allows for "fine-tuning" their reaction to events happening around them.These qualities, as well as the ability to blunt sexual desire, led to the fact that almost every wandering ascetic in India enjoys the services of tobacco.
Some plants are used almost exclusively as a substitute for rare and difficult plants.Tubers Vidar has a tonic and rejuvenating properties.This plant is usually identified with Ipomoea paniculata, markets but checking in southern India showed that instead sometimes sold Pueraria tuberosa, Adenia hondala and Cycas circinalis. Hara-Keshari (Mesua ferrea) stops hemorrhoidal bleeding, but instead are usually sold Calophyllum inophyllum, Cinnamomum wrightii and Myristicafragrans, all of which increase the bleeding rather than stop it.
There are also herbs for which there is no consensus.Some plants have been forgotten over time, and determine what lies beneath this or that ancient name, you can not.This is the case, for example, the famous soma of the ancient hymns of the Vedas, which are now trying to identify it with one, then another plant.Sweet, cooling the root of the semi-legendary grass jivanti calms all three doshas, tones, nourishes, rejuvenates and strengthens the body and improves vision.This herb is identified with Leptadenia reticulata, with the Holostemma annulare or N. rheedianum, with the Dendrobium macraei (the same as the Desmotrichum fimbriatum). Sushruta includes Varaha plant in the list of eighteen "extremely strong" medicinal plants.It is possible that under this name hides Dosicorea sativa or D. bulbifera, even offered as options and Curculigo orchioides, and Tassa aspera. as anti-aging, sexually stimulating and enhancing the fertility of plants Lakshmana used plants such as / rotoea sepiaria, Mandragora officinarum and various species of the genus Smithia.
Some of these uniquely identifiable plants are widely used today.For example, pashanabheda plant, as the name suggests it destroys kidney stones.From well-known plants such property differ Aerva lanata, Rotula aquatica, Homonoia riparia, Bergania ligulata (the same as Saxifraga ligulata), Coleus aromaticus and S. amboinicus, and because they are all equally well be called pashanabhedoy.Helps with fever and cough parpataka plant is identified with such plants as Rungia repens, Oldenlandia corymbosa, Peristrophe bicalyculata, Fumaria officinalis and F. parviflora.
points of view on this or that plant is often vary geographically.In Bengal and some parts of northern India as plants shankhapushpi taken Caniscora decussata, in Kerale- Clitoria ternatea, and in other parts of India - Convolvulus pluricaulis. in western India aparadzhita - laxative and diuretic - identified with Clitoria ternatea, and shankhapushpi - with Evolvulus alsinoides. plant vishnukranta, calming vata and kapha, and applied at a fever, is identified with Evolvulus alsinoides in Kerala and in the western regions.Shankhapushpi plant is described in the books as the ability to improve intelligence, to help with epilepsy, insanity, insomnia, stuttering, poor memory, strengthens the force, digestion, complexion, voice and rejuvenating the body.
chirabilva plant, helps with kidney stones, is characterized, in addition, the fact that a well removes ama from the internal organs.Usually it is identified with Holoptelea integrifolia either Pongamia pinnata (the same as Ya glabra). In northern India plant Caesalpinia bonducella has a local name latakaranya, while in Kerala the same plant called kuberakshi.Doctors in Kerala firmly believe that the grass Rasna, which Charaka calls the most important of all control cotton plants, it Alpinia galanga - grass, known in America under the name of the n-Langal and used in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease.However, the title of Rasna also claim Pluchea lanceolata and Alpinia calcarat. Some doctors use it as Polygonum glabrum, in many areas in the north-west of India, it is identified with Vanda roxburghii, while Alpinia galanga relates to kulanyanoy.The latter is used mainly in the treatment of respiratory diseases, nervous weakness and impotence as antispasmodic, and in the treatment of rheumatic diseases as a cleaner and the lymphatic system.