Streptoderma children : drugs , home treatment , symptoms
Disease / / August 12, 2017
- What causes streptoderma
- How is the disease: source
- infection What could trigger the disease
- beginning of the disease and its symptoms
- varieties and forms of the disease
- Flow infectious process
- home Treatment
- treatment and localization of foci of infection on
- skin Antibacterial therapy
- The use of drugs for general therapy
What causes streptoderma
causes streptoderma always associated with the causative agent of a number of infectious inflammatory lesions- streptococcus.Penetrating into the human skin, coccal microflora is purulent inflammation of the skin.
Streptococci are pathogenic microflora.They may be present in healthy humans,
How is the disease: source
infection is often the question of whether streptoderma contagious?Yes, it is a highly contagious disease, which represents a risk of epidemic spread in the form of flare infectious processes in organized groups of children (nurseries, kindergartens and boarding schools).
pathogen transmission occurs by direct contact with skin Streptococcus child on the basis of the contact mechanism.The most common route of transmission - from the sick child to a healthy, with normal kontakte.Naryadu with the sick person, the sources of infection of a healthy child can act:
- healthy person, which is temporary or permanent carrier streptococcal microflora;
- any household item containing streptococci (toys, care and hygiene, the surface of the doors and furniture, etc.);
- possible entry of microbes own skin (streptococci may be long in the skin of a healthy child without causing infection).
What could trigger the disease
Factors that contribute to increase the body's susceptibility to infection, reduced immune barrier and can give a start to the disease at a meeting with the infectious agent:
- accompanying or preceding the disease that weaken the body's resistance to infection;
- violation of hygienic conditions;
- sudamen (one of the most common factors);
- scratches on the skin of a different nature and causes (influence of an external stimulus, allergy, various dermatoses);
- fatigue and stress loads on the nervous system.
Increased incidence among children is due to the imperfection of (immature) of the immune system, which is still unable to provide a sufficient barrier role in the entry of microorganisms to damaged skin.
beginning of the disease and its symptoms
incubation period of streptococcal is about a week (from 2 to 10 days).Later symptoms develop skin lesions.On the skin usually appear isolated foci of inflammation in the form of bubbles with a clear rim.Inside the bubble, the size of which is 1 - 3 mm, is purulent serous content.Originally light, the contents gradually turns into a turbid purulent fluid.Bursting bubbles form the dried grayish brown on the site that generate temporary spots bluish-pink color.Full phlyctenas development process - from 5 to 7 days.
symptomatic picture is often limited only by local cutaneous manifestations in the absence of the general reaction of the organism.Disease exposed skin areas with predominant localization on the face, legs, back and lower torso.
often arise localization process of the child on the face due to the availability of this part of the body to infectious attacks.The facial skin is primarily exposed to a meeting with the infectious agent, because the face is always open.In this part of the body is more common pathogen drift hands when a child predisposing factors: scratching, tiny skin lesions (microtrauma), small abrasions and cuts.Involuntary crushing unit conflicts with the scratching and spreading their contents contribute to the spread of infection.
varieties and forms of the disease
severity of the disease and its spread are the following forms of flow streptoderma:
- strep impetigo (the most common form of the disease);
- bullous impetigo;
- slit impetigo (Zayed, angular stomatitis);
- turniol (impetigo nail ridges);
- lichen simplex.
surface forms a skin lesion called streptococcal impetigo, and defeat in the deeper layers of the skin - the ordinary ecthyma in which to heal lesions, scars remain.
Flow infectious process
If untreated, recovery may not occur, and the disease is further spread by grabbing a healthy skin.The process proceeds to the stage of a chronic disease, with periods of decay time and subsequent relapses.
prevalent streptococcal skin lesions and chronic diseases are accompanied by general symptomatic picture.Observed weakness, lethargy, fever, intoxication, headache and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes.
advanced forms of the disease carry a risk of serious complications.Streptococcus, during propagation, can cause severe inflammation of the skin, organs, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, kidneys, meninges, the system destruction.
streptoderma in children whose treatment was initiated and conducted in a timely manner in compliance with medical prescriptions and recommendations quickly ends complete recovery.Daily regular execution of the whole complex of medical measures and constant maintenance of hygienic regime - is the basis of the effectiveness of treatment in this disease.Treatment is complex and consists of the following components:
- use local antiseptics;
- antibiotic therapy;
- restorative therapy (vitamins, immunostimulants).
Uncomplicated streptoderma with responsible attitude on the part of parents successfully treated independently in the initial stages of the disease.The basis for recovery becomes available, and the following mandatory hygiene rules for the entire period, as does the treatment.Corrective action:
- eliminate child bathing in a bath and showering;
- conduct wet toilet wipes only the healthy parts of the body (you can use herbal teas);
- undershirt timely change clothes and linen (subject of careful washing and proglazhivaniyu);
- fix a sick child dishes and toys, selecting them from among the objects, which are easily cleaned and disinfected, and provide them with regular treatment (should temporarily remove soft toys).
can use moist dressings and wiping decoction of chamomile and oak bark have antiseptic and drying effect.These herbal remedies are characterized by hypo-allergenic properties, and therefore can more safely.
treatment and localization of foci of infection on the skin
Opening bubbles produced in compliance with all the requirements of aseptic, with a sterile injection needle.To disinfect and prevent the spread of infection through the body streptococcal lesions treated with local antiseptics.This treatment is carried out and around the foci of purulent inflammation, creating a barrier to infection from areas of healthy skin.Antiseptics used in moderation to avoid burns.It is available preparations for this application (as a solution):
- Brilliant green;
- potassium permanganate;
- Salicylic acid;
- Boric acid.
to good effect in the initial phase of the disease resulting from the use of wet gauze bandage overheads with drugs that dried the wound surface.It is possible to use silver nitrate solution (0.25%), resorcinol (1% or 2%).Between the appearance of erosions and blisters on reddened skin areas impose cooked dressing.
moistened and wrung out in a medical solution (slightly warm or at room temperature), the bandage is applied gently to the affected areas.After 15 - 20 minutes dressing dries, it again impregnated with the solution and re-applied.The procedure may be carried out sequentially, in 2 - 3 cycles, repeating it until 3 - 4 times a day with an interval of 3 h.
foci in the area of the lips (perleches) was treated with lapis (1 - 2% silver nitrate).
Antibiotics are the most important element in the treatment of streptococcal to suppress the activity and vitality of the causative agent.Therefore streptoderma ointment in children for the treatment of purulent foci in its composition contains an antibacterial active ingredient:
antibiotic ointment formulations applied with aseptic dressings on a drying the affected areas.bandages are changed twice a day with an interval of 12 hours.
The use of drugs for the treatment of common
In the absence of the desired effect when topically applied drugs begin to use the system of action of antibiotics.This can be cephalosporins, macrolides, penicillins and current.
When manifestations of allergic reactions (irritation and itching) used antihistamines (Claritin, Tavegil, Diazolin).This allows you to relieve the itching, scratching and prevent the spread of infection.
When expressed the general reaction and slow process of healing can be used vitamins (B1, B6, F, A, C) and immune-boosting measures (Pyrogenalum, Immunal, autohaemotherapy).
Than to treat and what should be the treatment strategy in complicated and long-lasting forms of diseases solves only a doctor-specialist.The use of shorter courses of hormone therapy is justified only by prescription and under medical supervision.
Prevention of disease is to maintain a hygienic and protective measures to avoid contact with sick streptococcal.