Vascular drugs in osteochondrosis : what to choose
Medicine / / May 23, 2016
- What kinds of vasodilator drugsare used in osteochondrosis?
- Effect of vasodilator drugs used for the treatment of degenerative disc disease
- What drugs have vasodilating action?
- How to choose a nutritional supplement at an osteochondrosis?
Vasodilators are drugs that increase the vessel lumen, due to the effect on his wall.They are part of the pathogenetic therapy in osteochondrosis, because it helps to normalize blood circulation in the affected area.
What kinds of vasodilator drugs are used in osteochondrosis?
When osteochondrosis vessels are narrowed due to changes in the innervation of the walls of arteries, which leads to their narrowing.Currently, for the normalization of blood circulation of the internal organs located in the zone with an altered innervation, prescribe drugs that directly relax the muscle wall of the vessel or normalize the nerve impulse that is transmitted by the sympathetic nerve fibers - and myotropic neurotrophic agents.
Effect of vasodilator drugs used for the treatment of degenerative disc disease
As a rule, any osteochondrosis spine is accompanied by swelling and inflammation of the surrounding soft tissues, such as the defeat of roots of spinal nerves.As a result, changing the flow of electrical pulses transmitted along the fibers of the sympathetic autonomic nervous system to the vascular wall, resulting in narrowing of the lumen and undue disturbance of circulation.
Oxygen starvation causes the failure of metabolic processes, creating adverse changes in the internal organs and tissues.If the situation does not take control, then later may be severe diseases caused by deficiency of oxygen and nutrients.
vasodilators, acting directly on the smooth muscle cells of the vascular wall or normalizing her nerve impulses flow significantly expand the lumen of the vessel and improve circulation.As a result, the following effects are observed:
- Elimination hypoxia phenomena of internal organs, which in turn leads to a reduction in pain.
- Improvement of microcirculation in the affected area.
- decongesting, quicker recovery.
What drugs have vasodilating action?
Vinpocetine. In neurology it is prescribed mainly to improve cerebral blood flow, in particular in the cervical osteochondrosis.It selectively acts on the muscular wall of the vessels of the brain and causes relaxation.As a result, disappear headaches hypoxic nature, dizziness, weakness, normal intracranial davlenie.Naibolee known analogs of this drug - cavinton.vinpocetine may also be part of the combined funds, for example, vinpotropil (vinpocetine with piracetam).
Cinnarizine .Being a calcium channel blocker, has a direct effect on the vascular wall, causing the expansion of the lumen of the vessels of the brain.In addition to problems with blood circulation with cervical osteochondrosis, it is prescribed for occlusive disease, Meniere's disease, Raynaud's, migraines, akrotsianoz, thromboangiitis.Popular analogue cinnarizine - stugeron.Also, this tool is part of the combined drugs: fezam, neuro-standards Memozov, omaron and others.
Piracetam .It improves metabolism and microcirculation of the brain vessels, protects neurons from hypoxic damage and intoxication, improves mental ability.Can be used in pediatric practice, it is often combined with taking vinpocetine or cinnarizine.
Berlition .This drug is better known as a hepatoprotective.However, the study found that the tool improves blood circulation endoneural that disrupted in diabetes and osteochondrosis.Reception Valium normalizes the state of the peripheral nerves, reducing phenomena such as "pins and needles", numbness, pain or burning sensation of the skin.
Aktovegin .Although this drug is not a vasodilator in the literal sense of the word, however, being gemoderivat blood, it is well restores blood flow to internal organs and nerves.Normalizes metabolism, improves the portability of oxygen starvation reduces the negative effect of hypoxia.When osteochondrosis is prescribed in case of neuropathy symptoms.It can be used during pregnancy and lactation.
Trental (pentoxifylline) .Improves microcirculation, dilates the peripheral arteries, normalizes metabolism in the vascular wall, tissue oxygen saturation.It is used in cases involving violation of the peripheral circulation.
Niacin .It extends the small blood vessels, improves blood circulation, helps to normalize blood clotting, increasing its fibrinolytic activity.In addition, nicotinic acid normalizes lipid concentration, reduces low-density lipoprotein, which cause the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
How to choose a nutritional supplement at an osteochondrosis?
Virtually every one of the above products has its own characteristics of application, indications, side effects and contraindications.Therefore it is better if the choice vasodilator make the appropriate specialist considering peculiarities of degenerative disc disease, the individual and the presence of other comorbidities.