Medications for poisoning - which is better ?
Medicine / / May 21, 2016
- When should I see a doctor?
- Medicines for food poisoning
- Means for rehydration
- antidiarrheal medications
- Folk remedies
primary goal of treatment for food poisoning is to remove from the gastrointestinal tract of toxins and maintaining the normal functioning of the digestive and total systembody as a whole.For this purpose, using different drugs: sorbents, drugs, restoring fluid and electrolyte balance, enzymes, probiotics and other medications.
Food poisoning - is poisoning that occurs after eating food contaminated with toxic substances of microbial or non-microbial origin (plant and animal poisons, chemicals).However, most often develop it food poisoning caused by bacteria and their toxins.
main symptoms of food poisoning - it is nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.These symptoms occur, usually a few hours after a meal, a maximum of 24 hours.Also poisoning is often accompanied by fever.
With great caution should be taken to the appearanc
When to see a doctor?
Light food poisoning in adults can be treated at home.If within 2-3 days of the patient's condition does not improve, the temperature returns to normal, does not stop vomiting and diarrhea, and weakness only increases, it is necessary to consult a doctor.And with the appearance of symptoms characteristic of botulism, as well as the detection of blood in stool, should immediately go to a hospital for infectious diseases.
pregnant women, immunocompromised patients with chronic illnesses, young children and the elderly, doctors also strongly recommend that in case of early food poisoning symptoms immediately contact the doctors.
Medicines for food poisoning
Medications for poisoning food uses a variety.The need for their appointment is determined by the presence of certain symptoms of the disease.However, there is one group of drugs, which applies in all cases of poisoning, regardless of manifestations - sorbents.They collect on itself toxic substances and remove them from the body along with stool.
If poisoned patient due to frequent vomiting and diarrhea loses a lot of fluid, and with it, and electrolytes, it is necessary to compensate for these losses, which is carried out by special drugs for rehydration.
In order to stop the painful diarrhea, often accompanied by poisoning, use of antidiarrheal agents.However, it is worth noting that in the early days of the disease, it is not recommended, because the body in this way is purified of toxins.
Also, enzyme preparations used in food poisoning.For example, mezim, to facilitate the work of the digestive system or antispasmodics, for example, no-spa, to reduce spasms and abdominal pain.Well, to eliminate the effects of intestinal lesions, which inevitably in case of poisoning, using drugs with beneficial bacteria - probiotics.
Antibiotics food poisoning should be taken only on prescription, since only he can determine what caused the pathological symptoms - intestinal infection, chemicals or other toxins.Furthermore, poisoning of the body and so hard to cope with the toxins, thus additional load antibacterial drugs on the liver, the main body detoxification is not necessary.
best-known representatives of this group are considered activated carbon products: pelleted activated carbon sorbeks, karbolong.In addition to them, in case of poisoning are widely used smektu, polisorb, enterosgel, Atoxil and others.
Before taking these agents is recommended gastric lavage to remove trapped him with food toxins.At home, it is necessary for the patient to drink plenty of fluids and cause a gag reflex.The liquid for washing is recommended to use a slurry prepared with water and comminuted activated carbon (2 cups of water to drug packages 10).If the poisoning of tablets, including hypnotics, tactic must be the same.
is important to remember the following: to enterosorbent acted, the dose must be calculated correctly in accordance with the instructions, the first accepted dose for greater efficiency can be doubled.
Regarding the choice of a particular drug, you should start from the situation.For example, drink several packs of activated carbon is not very nice.It is more convenient to take karbolong (it comes in a powder in sachets for dilution with water) or other powders - Atoxil, polisorb.In children better use the funds with a pleasant taste, for example, smectite.If it is impossible to prepare a slurry of the powder can be selected enterosgel paste ready for use.
Means for rehydration
These medicines make up for the loss of fluid and electrolyte balance and normalize the body due to the optimal set of salt.This group of drugs includes rehydron and Orsola.They are produced in the form of a powder, which is diluted with boiled water.It should be noted that the composition for rehydration can be done independently by the recipe:
- 1 liter of water;
- 1 teaspoon of baking soda and salt;
- 2 teaspoons of sugar.
should drink 2-3 liters of rehydration solution per day to achieve the desired effect.
mainly used pills containing loperamide.For example, Imodium, Lopedium, stoperan and others.It should be noted that self-start taking these drugs is not recommended because of their use in case of poisoning in some cases can lead to complications and worsen the patient's condition.
Traditional medicine also offers a lot of money on food poisoning:
- Strong black tea.It contains binders that stop diarrhea.
- Ginger tea, it has anti-bacterial properties.
- decoction of chamomile (2 bags or 2 tbsp. Spoons of colors on the 0.5 liters of water).This tool has anti-inflammatory and astringent effect on the stomach and intestines.
- decoction of oak bark (20 g of ground bark for 200 ml of boiling water, the mixture was kept in a water bath for 30 minutes).This medicinal drink helps to reduce inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and prolonged diarrhea stop.
- Tincture of walnut (20 green chopped nuts to 0.5 liters of vodka, insist about a month).This tool also has an astringent effect.