Fluconazole from yeast
Medicine / / May 19, 2016
- Causes thrush
- symptoms of thrush
- Action fluconazole on the body
- How to take Fluconazole
- Side effects
- fluconazole during pregnancy
- What else treats Fluconazole
Genital candidiasis, or thrush, is very common in women.It occurs in the vagina due to the abnormal proliferation of Candida.The presence of these yeasts in the microflora is quite natural - they are involved in some metabolic processes.If there is discomfort: burning, itching in the groin area, the urgent need to make an appointment with a gynecologist who will prescribe antimikoznye drugs, such as fluconazole.
growth in the vagina of Candida starts to get aggressive nature under the influence of several factors:
- change in the hormonal balance (including during pregnancy and taking birth control).
- weakening of the immune system.
- Chronic inflammatory processes.
- Allergic reactions.
- Close manufactured from synthetic materials underwear.
symptoms of thrush
first signs of thrush often begin to appear a few days before menstruation.The discomfort in the groin is called:
- burning and itching;
- redness and pain of the vaginal mucosa;
- advent of abundant whitish cheesy discharge.
Also, urination and sexual intercourse may become painful.
Action fluconazole on the body
To construct fungal cells necessary precursor of vitamin D - ergosterol.Action antimikoznyh drugs is based on blocking of enzymatic processes in the cell wall.Thus, the cells are deprived of the ability to reproduce, which leads to the death of substantially all of the Candida population.The drug is sensitive only to fungal cells.It does not affect other microorganisms in the intestine and vagina.In this regard, you can take Fluconazole without fear of occurrence of dysbiosis.Absorption of the active ingredient is in the gastrointestinal tract and does not depend on the level of acidity of gastric juice.This means that the administration of fluconazole can be carried out without reference to the food intake.
Due to the high bioavailability (90%) of the drug has a relatively high permeability tissues.The first positive effects are felt by patients after only a few hours after ingestion.Complete disappearance of the symptoms of yeast infection occurs at least through the day.In the body, particularly in the vagina, the concentration of active ingredient of antifungal agent remain for about three days.Fluconazole advantage over other antimikoznymi means that it penetrates the tissue, while other drugs are deposited only on the mucosal surface.This is very important because the location of the colonies of Candida is usually located in the deep layers of the vagina.
How to take Fluconazole
Acceptance of any drug should be performed in a specific pattern, which can identify only a doctor.Self-medication can only lead to aggravation and progression of the disease.If any symptoms resembling thrush immediately contact your gynecologist!
scheme for thrush Fluconazole destination will depend on the process of acute or chronic.In acute, new-onset or thrush, a woman will be enough to wash down with water 1 capsule Fluconazole.Typically, they are released without a prescription and dosage of each tablet does not exceed 150 mg.This amount would be sufficient to get rid of the disease.If symptoms persist after 3 days after the treatment, it is possible to drink another capsule for securing effect.If the occurrence of thrush associated with taking antibiotics, the treatment is similar to fluconazole.
In chronic course of pathologic candidiasis is recommended to drink pills for at least 1,5-2 months.In this case, the dosage of Fluconazole remains the same (150 mg), and taking a pill will not need more than twice a week.
Sometimes the administration of fluconazole may be accompanied by some side effects.These include:
- hypersensitivity of the body - the appearance of skin rash, redness or urticaria.
- headache or dizziness.
- taste Change in the patient.
- nausea and vomiting.
Contraindications Do not use the drug if the patient:
- Shows hypersensitivity to the active substance.
- not reached the age of 4 years.
- At this time undergoing pharmacotherapy drugs or Terfenadine Astemizole.
fluconazole during pregnancy
Thrush often occurs during pregnancy.This is due to hormonal changes and a decrease in immune processes in the female body.Conduct treatment of thrush Fluconazole is strictly contraindicated for pregnant women.This is associated with marked teratogenic effects of the drug.It is proved that taking this antimikoznogo funds for the first pregnancy causes the development of heart defects in the fetus.In addition, babies can be born abnormal fetal development, such as cleft palate.
Appointment Fluconazole pregnant woman is only relevant if the disease threatens her life.
What else treats
Fluconazole Fluconazole shows its effectiveness in the fight and some other diseases.For example, thanks to its light penetration into the cerebrospinal fluid it is often prescribed for the treatment of meningitis.