Tablets from sinusitis : which is better
Medicine / / May 17, 2016
- Recommended in the sinus group of drugs
- How to choose an antibiotic
nasal passages on both sides are in communication with the cavities inside the upper jaw, called adventitious or maxillary sinus.The infectious-inflammatory process in these formations is called sinusitis.It can be single or double-sided, catarrhal or purulent, acute and chronic.The most common pathogen is bacteria, less inflammation is caused by a viral infection.sinusitis treatment should be complete and timely.This will reduce the risk of complications and warn the transition of the disease in the chronic stage.
Treatment at home is not always possible.Using drops, sprays, washes - effective but not always convenient way to control the disease.And before the patient is often the question arises, what pills can be used by sinusitis.
Recommended in the sinus group of drugs
Unfortunately, it is impossible to cure sinusitis only one tool.Therefore, combined therapy is recommended, which should include the prep
Antibiotics are an essential component of the treatment of bacterial sinusitis.These medications are most commonly used in tablet form and also administered intranasally using spreev.Rekomendovano as the use of mucolytics, which thin the resulting secret, and contribute to a better discharge of secretions.You can use such mucolytic tablets from sinusitis like Sinupret, Mucodyne, Fluimucil.Available tools in the form of droplets.
vasoconstrictor drugs used necessarily.They reduce swelling and reduce mucosal secretion.Although the pharmacy can be found with tablets such action, they are not sufficiently effective in the sinus.Therefore vasoconstrictors are used in the form of sprays or drops.
In some cases, doctors recommend the use of antihistamines antiallergic.They reduce swelling and inflammation, eliminate allergic component.But since antihistamines may violate the coordination of movements, speed of psychomotor reactions and cause drowsiness, their use is not routine.It is necessary to harmonize this treatment with your doctor.
Additionally corticosteroids are sometimes used.This hormonal agents having a versatile and powerful anti-inflammatory effect.But they can cause a variety of serious complications.So that corticosteroids are used in the sinus is not always and only for local therapy in the form of sprays.
How to choose an antibiotic
To get rid of the inflammation in the paranasal sinuses, you must first of all work on the pathogen.A bacterial infection requires the use of antibiotics, but these drugs can not be used in viral diseases.
However, infection with staphylococcus, streptococcus or other bacteria often develop secondarily, against the backdrop of a viral disease or odontogenic (dentally obsuslovlennom) inflammation of the walls of the paranasal sinuses.Therefore, antibiotics are almost always prescribed, especially if the nature of the discharge becomes purulent.
important that the antibiotics used in sinus meet several criteria:
- they should have a broad spectrum of action to influence the different types of micro-organisms;
- desirable that they kill bacteria (bactericidal effect) and not just stop their reproduction (bacteriostatic effect);
- they should easily penetrate the mucous membrane and then released in an active form in the lumen of the maxillary sinus;
- at course treatment in sredneterapevticheskih dose should not cause toxic effects on the body;
- resistant to penicillinase (enzyme bacteria digested penicillin).
desirable use of modern antibacterial agents.When sinusitis is usually recommended drugs penicillin and tetracycline and macrolides.In the case of the ineffectiveness of their doctor will choose an antibiotic other group.This takes into account the sensitivity of the selection of flora, which is detected by means of bacteriological analysis selections.
Do not use antibacterial therapy at the slightest suspicion of sinusitis.Such tactics may violate the balance of microflora in all mucous membranes, reduces the reactivity of the immune system.There will also be resistant to the main drug strains of microorganisms that subsequently complicate the selection of therapy.Treating sinusitis is preferably carried out under the supervision of a physician.