Localized scleroderma : Is life-threatening ?
Disease / / August 12, 2017
- Causes Symptoms Treatment
Scleroderma can be focal and generalized.In the first case, it applies only to the skin, in the second - affects internal organs.This disease requires mandatory treatment, because its effects cause irreparable damage to health.Many wonder whether life threatening disease?This example further.
main factor that causes the disease, is the excessive production of body collagen protein present in the connective tissue.Why is that, until fairly unknown, but some researchers suggest that the reason for becoming a failure in the immune system, resulting in the observed production of the substance,
- metabolic disorders;
- work with harmful toxic substances;
- trauma, hypothermia, frostbite;
- effect of some medication, commonly used in chemotherapy;
- infectious diseases, in which the damaged nervous system.
At risk are people who are on the street for a long time due to the characteristics of labor (builders, market workers, janitors and others).
Symptoms Clinical manifestations of scleroderma may have a different character, depending on the affected area.Typically, patients complain of fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold.Marked thickening of the skin in areas of sclerosis may see small ring of purple color, which eventually become white or yellow and gradually subside.
also observed in scleroderma restriction of mobility in joints, blood flow disturbance in the limbs.With the defeat of the digestive tract reflux disease can develop.Depending on the spread of disease scleroderma divided into systemic and focal forms.Localized scleroderma can occur in two types:
- plaque, or annular.It is characterized by the appearance of the skin white ring with a red border.They apply only to certain areas or throughout the body.Can be stored in the skin up to 5 years, then disappear without any intervention.
- Linear.This form of the disease most often diagnosed in children.The body appears whitish seal in the form of strips.
If scleroderma developing lobular form, the first symptom of the disease becomes Raynaud's syndrome: numbness of the fingers, cold extremities, pain, change in skin tone.Other features may not be available for several years.
Scleroderma is distributed as symmetrically and asymmetrically.If the pathological process is drawn into the scalp, her plots are marked baldness.In the propagation of diseases to areas where are the sebaceous or sweat glands, their secretion ceases.
Systemic scleroderma is characterized by the spread of the pathological process in the internal organs, blood vessels are affected.Forms of manifestation of this type of flow can be several.It depends on what systems were changed.
Treatment Therapeutic measures in scleroderma to be applied in the event of the first signs, depends on a favorable prognosis.In no case can not let the disease take its course.Selection of drugs is carried out individually, taking into account symptoms.From
medication prescribed topical medications that promote skin hydration.Use anti-inflammatory, antibiotics, penicillin, hormonal ointments, immunomodulators, vitamin complexes.The good effect is possible to obtain the appointment of agents based on hyaluronidase.
However, medication is recommended to use a local impact through applications and baths.With a significant progression of the disease is shown holding physiotherapy techniques, massage, gym.
Determine forecast only for the particular case.With timely detection of scleroderma and carrying out the necessary treatment manages to achieve a positive result.The disease significantly slows down its development.
If scleroderma revealed in the final stages and there are serious internal injuries, poor prognosis.These patients receive disability group because of the inability to fully perform any work.
Scleroderma not life-threatening, but it significantly affects the appearance.In this disease there is a decrease in skin elasticity, wrinkles, hair loss.They can also change the shape of the nail platinum.
Prevention To prevent the development of a pathological process, it is necessary:
- avoid hypothermia;
- with prolonged exposure to the outdoors should dress warmly, as much as possible to close the body of the clothes;
- reduce the consumption of coffee;
- wear comfortable shoes.
Despite the fact that scleroderma is not life threatening, it can lead to serious consequences.
12 Aug, 2017
12 Aug, 2017