Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 27, 2016
Alternative names: aphthous stomatitis
Various types of sores can appear anywhere in the mouth.Some locations in the oral cavity, which may occur ulcer - is:
- the lower part of the mouth;
- inner cheeks;
Causes of ulcers in the mouth
Sores in the mouth can be caused by irritation from the following:
- broken tooth or poorly inserted dentures;
- biting the cheek, tongue or lips;
- mouth burns from hot food and hot drinks;
- plastic face lifts;
- chewing tobacco (tobacco can corrode the mouth).
Herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus.This is a very contagious disease.Typically, the patient will have their weakness, tingling, or burning before the actual pain.Usually it starts as a cold sore blisters, which then crust over.The herpes virus can live in the body for many years.But it appears only as a pain in the mouth - when something causes it, for example:
- another disease, especially if there is high fever;
- hormonal changes (such as menstruation);
- exposure to the sun.
canker sores are not contagious.They may look like pale or yellow, with red outer ring.The patient may have one ulcer or ulcer group.In women, they are more often than men.Causes of ulcers is not clear.It can be:
- weakened immune system (such as colds or the flu);
- hormonal changes;
- lack of certain vitamins and minerals in the diet including vitamin B12 or folic acid.
Less mouth sores can be a sign of disease, tumor, or drug reactions, including the following:
- autoimmune disorders (eg, systemic lupus erythematosus);
- cancer of the oral cavity;
- infection - such as Coxsackie virus (infectious disease "hand-foot-mouth");
- weakened immune system - for example, if the AIDS patient, or if he takes drugs after organ transplants.
Drugs that can cause ulcers in the oral cavity include: aspirin, beta-blockers, chemotherapy drugs, penicillamine, and sulfa drugs Phenytoin.
treatment of ulcers and home care
ulcers in the mouth often leave for 10-14 days, even if the patient does not do anything.They sometimes last up to 6 weeks.The following steps can help the patient feel better ulcer:
- to avoid the consumption of hot drinks and hot foods, spicy and salty foods and citrus;
- rinse your mouth with salt water or cold water;
- eat popsicles.It is useful if the patient has burns in the mouth;
- take pain relievers - such as acetaminophen;
- rubbing his mouth with a thin layer of paste of baking soda and water;
- Mix 1 part hydrogen peroxide with 1 part water and apply the mixture with a cotton swab ulcers;
- in more severe cases, treatment includes: fluocinonide gel (Lideks), anti-inflammatory amlexanox paste or mouthwash Perideks (chlorhexidine gluconate solution).
Medicines without a prescription - such as Orabeyz can heal wounds in the lips and gums.Blisteks or Comfy-Fenik can bring some relief to the pestilence, and to bring down the heat from the blisters, especially if applied when the pain started.
Herpes or heat and blisters can also apply ice.
patient should consult a doctor if:
- the pain starts shortly after the adoption of the new drug;
- the patient has large white spots at the top of the mouth or under the tongue (this may be thrush or another type of infection);
- pain in the mouth lasting more than 2 weeks;
- the patient's weakened immune system (for example, from HIV or cancer);
- the patient has other symptoms - such as fever, skin rash, excessive salivation and difficulty swallowing.
doctor or nurse will examine the patient carefully and check his mouth and tongue.The patient questions about the history can be defined his illness and symptoms.
Treatment may include the following:
- drugs, freezing ulcerated area - such as lidocaine to ease pain (can not be used for children);
- an antiviral drug for the treatment of herpetic lesions (thus, some experts do not believe that it helps ulcers);
- steroid gel, which the patient can put on the sores;
- pasta, reduces swelling or inflammation (eg, amlexanox);
- a special type of liquid mouthwash - for example, Perideks.
prevention of ulcers in the mouth
patient can reduce the risk of common ulcers in the mouth, if he:
- will not consume very hot foods or drinks;
- Reduce stress with the right relaxation techniques;
- will chew slowly;
- will use toothbrushes with soft bristles;
- as soon as possible to visit your dentist if he or painful broken tooth or inappropriate prostheses.
If the patient gets ulcers often encourage him to talk to your doctor about taking folic acid and vitamin B12 to prevent exacerbations.
How to prevent oral cancer:
- do not smoke or use tobacco;
- significantly limit the use of alcohol, etc.