Snoring in adults
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 27, 2016
Snoring - loud, hoarse or harsh sound of breathing during sleep.
Snoring is a common phenomenon in many adults.If the patient's snoring, it does not necessarily mean that he has health problems.
Only a doctor can tell whether a patient's sleep apnea, a sleep study conducted at the home of the patient or the hospital.
Although snoring is not just a threat to health, it is a serious social problem.People who are close to the person who snores can develop sleep difficulties.
For most people, snoring cause is unknown.
Some of the most common possible causes:
- overweight: extra tissues of the neck are putting pressure on the respiratory tract;
- swelling of the tissues during the last month of pregnancy;
- blockage in the nose due to special - bent or deformed - nasal septum (the structure that separates the two nostrils);
- nasal polyps;
- stuffy nose due to a cold or allergies, especially if the disease lasts a long time.
cause of snoring may also be changes in the mouth and
- swelling in the mouth (soft palate), or language.These regions may also be larger than is usually necessary;
- adenoids and tonsils that block the airways;
- the wrong muscle tone;
- a large area at the base of the tongue, or the language, which is more in comparison with the overall size of the mouth;
- disturbances in bones of the face;
- the use of sleeping pills, antihistamines, or alcohol at bedtime.
Sometimes snoring can be a symptom of sleep disorders (sleep apnea).This means that the patient has periods in which it has entirely or partially stopped breathing for more than 10 seconds, while the patient is asleep.
Episode snoring may be associated with a sudden snort or breath holding when the patient begins to breathe again.Then the patient snores again.If a patient has sleep apnea, this cycle generally happens several times per night.However, sleep apnea - in general, the phenomenon is not as frequent as snoring.
Diagnosis and treatment of snoring
The following tips can help reduce snoring:
- Avoid alcohol and other sedatives at bedtime;
- do not sleep on your back.Sleep on your side, if possible.Some doctors even offer patients something to put and tied to his back.This causes discomfort if the patient turns on the back and helps to remind him to continue to lie on its side.Eventually, sleeping on your side becomes a habit, and the patient does not need to have it to remind;
- to lose weight, if overweight patient;
- try the special nasal strips that help widen the nostrils (this is not a method of treatment of sleep apnea and snoring only).
If the doctor gave the patient breathing device, use it regularly.
also necessary to treat allergy symptoms.
encourage the patient to talk with your doctor if he had seen a few of these symptoms, along with snoring:
- lowering the level of attention, concentration or memory;
- if the patient is waking up in the morning not feeling rested;
- episodes of lack of breathing (sleep apnea) - the partner may need to tell the patient, if the patient is snoring loudly at night or choked;
- excessive daytime sleepiness;
- morning headaches;
- recent weight gain.
Children with chronic snoring should also be tested for sleep apnea.Sleep apnea in children is associated with growth problems, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disabilities, learning difficulties, bedwetting, and high blood pressure.Most children who snore do not have sleep apnea, but a sleep study is the only way to say for sure.
Your doctor will ask the patient questions to assess his snoring.The patient will also need to undergo a medical examination of the throat, mouth and neck.
Questions may include the following (some of which may have to answer to the partner or relatives of the patient living with him):
- loud snoring if the patient;
- patient snores matter in what position it is, or only in certain positions;
- was there ever such a way that the patient's own snoring woke him;
- how often the patient snores;Does every night;All night there;
- whether moments happen (episodes), when the patient is not breathing;
- whether the patient's other symptoms - such as daytime sleepiness, morning headaches, insomnia and memory loss.
possible, the patient will have to see a specialist for his dreams to study periods of dreams.
- dental devices to prevent sticking of the language;
- weight loss;
- if the patient is diagnosed sleep apnea, use of CPAP (CPAP) masks for artificial ventilation improvement during sleep, to reduce snoring and sleep apnea;
- various surgical procedures;
- Surgery to correct a deviated septum or remove tonsils (tonsillectomy);
- other types of surgery involving airway.