Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 27, 2016
pulse rate in a healthy person can change, including the rise during physical activity, with an increase in body temperature or the environment, after drinking coffee, alcohol, or NONCOR produktv, after smoking, eating, taking certain medicines atemotional stress (neurosis, neurasthenia).If the pulse rate at rest, it is indicative of pathology.
normal pulse rate in an adult should be - 60-90 beats per minute.By reducing this indicator suggests a rare heart rate, with an increase - on parts.It is also necessary to take into account that women are usually more likely to pulse 6-8 strokes than men.And in children aged 0 to 12 months of its rate is 120-140 beats per minute, falling progressively every year, in 5 years it becomes 100 beats per minute, in 7 years - 90 beats per minute.His pulse rate up to the child to 12 years.
Causes frequent pulse
increased heart rate and palpitations occur under such conditions or events, such as:
- abnormal or rapid heart rate (tachycardia);
- anxiety, nervous tension and sress;
- chronic kidney disease;
- heart failure;
- ischemic heart disease;
- a problem of the heart valves (aortic regurgitation);
- heavy physical exertion;
- high body temperature;
- pregnancy (due to increased fluid and blood in women);
- increased activity of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism).
recommend contacting your physician if you feel sudden, severe or persistent increase in the intensity or speed of your heart rate.This is especially important when this increase is accompanied by other symptoms.
Diagnosis and treatment of increased heart rate
attending cardiologist will have to perform diagnostic tests that include: checking temperature, pulse, breathing rate, blood pressure.Heart and blood circulation will also be analyzed.
doctor may ask the patient questions - such as, eg:
- the first time whether the patient felt a bounding pulse;
- suddenly or gradually it evolves;
- it happens continuously or only from time to time;
- whether the patient is better when he is resting;
- which still have symptoms of the patient;
- whether it occurs only in conjunction with other symptoms - such, for example, as a palpitation;
- Is the patient pregnant woman;
- whether the patient's fever;
- whether the patient's stress;
- whether the patient's high blood pressure or heart failure, long-term;
- whether the patient's renal failure;
- whether the patient's heart valve disease.
following diagnostic tests may be performed:
- blood tests (complete blood count);
- chest X-ray;
- ECG (electrocardiogram);
- ultrasound of the heart.
Treatment of the disease depends on the reasons that cause it.
Here nekotrye tips, buyout will help bring your heart rate back to normal:
- If possible, avoid nervous tension and stress;
- Take sedatives such as validol Corvalol, pustrynik, valerian;
- Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, maybe they provoke strengthening tachycardia;
- Eliminate from your diet foods that increase blood pressure;
- If you are overweight, you need to get rid of him;
If rapid pulse persists even after taking the drug and need stronger medication, consult your doctor.Otherwise, the self can make matters worse.Moreover, the doctor will make a diagnosis more difficult in this case.If there is a rapid pulse, it is necessary to ensure access of cool air into the room and sit down.You can drink water, it is desirable to cool.To reduce the rate, you can use a gentle massage of the neck around the carotid artery, and you should remember that you can not spend it immediately on both sides.
15 May, 2016