Clubbing of fingers and toes
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
clubbing of fingers or toes - this change in the area under and around your nails.Clubbing in itself does not cause any danger to health.However, it is often a symptom of lung disease;however, the cause may be many other diseases.Clubbing is not associated with any disease or, in some families is given by inheritance.
- softening nails.Nails are like "float" - that is, not be firmly attached;
- angle between the nail and cuticle increases;
- the last part of the finger may seem large or convex.It can also be a warm and red;
- curves nails down, similar to the shape of the circular portion of an inverted spoon.
Thickening can develop rapidly, often - in a few weeks.They can also be easily eliminated when the reason is clear.
reasons clubbing of the fingers or toes
Lung cancer is the most common cause of this disease.Thickening often develop due to diseases of the heart and lungs, which reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood, such as:
- heart defects that are present at
- chronic lung infections in humans: bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis (system hereditary disease caused by mutations in the gene transmembrane regulator of cystic fibrosis and is characterized by lesions of exocrine glands, severe dysfunction of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract, the most common autosomal recessive potentially lethal hereditary disease inpersons of the white race), lung abscess;
- infection of membranes of the heart chambers and heart valves (infectious endocarditis), which can be caused by bacteria, fungi or other infectious factors;
- lung disease, in which the deep lung tissues become swollen, and then formed a scar (interstitial lung disease).
Other causes thickening of phalanges:
- celiac disease (or gluten enteropathy - multifactorial disease, a digestive disorder caused by damage to the villi of the small intestine by certain foods containing proteins - gluten and similar proteins thereto cereals);
- cirrhosis of the liver or other liver disease;
- Graves 'disease (diffuse toxic goiter, Graves' disease - a life-threatening disease of the thyroid gland);
- overactivity of the thyroid gland;
- other types of cancer, including liver and stomach, Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Diagnosis and treatment clubbing of fingers or toes
patient should contact your doctor if you notice clubbing of fingers or toes.
Diagnosis is usually based on:
- family history;
- examination of the lungs and chest.
Questions the doctor to the patient may include the following:
- if he has any difficulty in breathing;
- whether utolsheniya affect the mobility of his fingers and toes;
- when it was first noticeable thickening;
- if the skin is bluish in place thickening;
- What other symptoms accompany this disease;
following tests may be done:
- analysis of arterial blood gases;
- CT of the chest;
- pulmonary function tests.
specific treatment like clubbing is not, however, treatment of opportunistic diseases almost always leads to the elimination of these nodules.