Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 27, 2016
Alternative title: sunburn
sunburn (erythema) - a reddening of the skin, which occurs under the influence of ultraviolet light after the long stay in the sun.
first signs of a sunburn may not appear for several hours.The overall effect appears for 24 or more hours.By this time, the main symptoms appear.
Symptoms of sunburn:
- red, painful, warm to the touch;
- blisters, which develop during the period ranging from several hours to several days;
- severe reactions (sometimes called "sun poisoning"), including high fever, chills, nausea, or rash;
- skin peeling on sunburned areas of the body several days after the sunburn.
symptoms of sunburn usually are temporary.But skin damage is often permanent and can have serious long-term effects, including skin cancer.The pain is worse after exposure to the sun from 6 to 48 hours.
Sunburn occurs when the amount of ultraviolet light due to the long stay of the person in the sun or near any other ultraviolet light source exceeds the abili
recommend to take note of the following:
- in medicine, there is no such thing as a "healthy tan."Any person, unprotected from the sun's rays can cause premature aging of the skin;
- sun exposure can cause burns first and second degree;
- skin cancer usually appears in adulthood, but it can be caused by sun exposure and sunburns that occurred in childhood.
can prevent the development of skin cancer by protecting your skin from the sun's harmful rays.
Factors that increase the chance of sunburn:
- infants and children are very sensitive to the negative effects of the sun;
- people with fair skin are more likely to get a sunburn.But the dark (dark-skinned) and black skin can also burn, and they, too, must be protected;
- the sun's rays are strongest between 10 am and 4 pm.The sun's rays are also stronger at higher altitudes and lower latitudes (closer to the tropics).Direct burning rays of the sun reflected in the water, sand or snow, the strength of UV exposure can become more powerful;
- LED lamps can cause severe burns;
- some drugs (eg, antibiotic doxycycline) may enhance the effect of sunburn on the skin;
- some diseases (eg, lupus) can make a person more sensitive to the sun;
- the effect of the sun exposure of the skin to the individual characteristics.
What the victim, if he did get a sunburn?Here are some guidelines to help reduce the symptoms kotrorye:
- take a cool shower or bath or put a clean, damp, cool cloth on the burn;
- do not use products that contain benzocaine or lidocaine.They can cause allergic reactions in some people and make burning from the sun is stronger;
- if there is a burn blisters that dry dressings can prevent infection;
- if the skin is not blistering, moisturizing cream that can be applied to relieve discomfort.Not suggested to use butter, petrolatum or other petroleum-based products - they may block the pores and thus incurred heat and sweat can lead to infections of the skin;
- drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, to help relieve the pain from sunburn.However, it is important to remember that aspirin should not be given to children;
- cortisone creams can help reduce inflammation;
- wear loose cotton clothing.
necessary to call a doctor immediately if the victim high body temperature after sunburn, and if he has signs of shock, heat exhaustion, dehydration, or other serious symptoms, such as:
- weakness or dizziness;
- rapid pulse or rapid breathing;
- excessive thirst, no urine, sunken eyes;
- pale, clammy or cold skin;
- nausea, high fever, chills, or rash;
- eye sore and sensitive to light;
- heavy, painful blisters on the body.
doctor will have to perform a diagnostic examination of the patient's skin.It may ask the patient questions about his medical history and current symptoms, including these:
- when was received burns;
- how often the victim tans, and at what time;
- whether the victim blisters;
- what percentage tanned body;
- what medications the victim receives;
- whether the victim is using a cream for sunburn or sunscreen;if so, what kind of cream and how often and intensely;
- which still have symptoms of the patient.
Sunburn is easier to prevent than to treat.Ways to prevent sunburn:
- use sunscreen with a high protection factor, which can protect the skin and by UVB- and UVA-rays;
- generously apply sunscreen, not sparing them to completely cover the exposed skin.Re-apply sunscreen every 2 hours or as often as it is written in the label;
- apply sunscreen after swimming, even in cloudy weather;
- use lip balm with sunscreen;
- wear a hat and other protective clothing.Light-colored clothing reflects the sun most effectively (and dark clothes - attracts the sun's rays);
- stay as far away from the sun during the period when the sun's rays are strongest (10 am to 4 pm..);
- wear sunglasses with UV protection.