Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: stupor, loss of alertness, dizziness, changes in consciousness, stunning;immunity
Reduced attention - a state of reduced consciousness.
reasons reduce attention
Many conditions can cause decreased attention, including:
- chronic kidney disease;
- excessive fatigue or persistent lack of sleep;
- high blood sugar or low blood sugar;
- infection, including serious infections in the brain;
- hepatic impairment;
- thyroid diseases that cause low levels of thyroid hormones (iodinated derivatives of amino acids tyrosine, having the general physiological properties and produced by the thyroid gland) or very high levels of thyroid hormones;
- brain disorder or injury - such as dementia or Alzheimer's disease;head injury, etc .;
- injuries or accidents - such as diving, accident, heat stroke;
- a very low body temperature (hypothermia);
- heart problems or breathing: abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia), lack of oxygen (hypoxia) from any cause, low blood pressure (hypotensio
- toxins and drugs: alcohol abuse (binge drinking or damage from long-term use of alcohol), the impact of heavy metals, hydrocarbons or toxic gases, excessive use of drugs such as opiates, narcotics, sedatives and anti-anxiety drugs, side effect of almost all drugs - for example,those used to treat seizures, depression, psychosis and other diseases.
Diagnosis and treatment of attention reduction
In the event of any reduction of attention, even if it is related to alcohol intoxication, fainting or mental health problems, even if the diagnosis has already been delivered, it is necessary to seek medical help.
People with epilepsy or other similar mental disorders should seek medical attention and avoid situations that cause such attacks in the past.
Doctors Help is required if: the person - decreased attention, which can not be explained, and if the normal care for a long time will not be refunded.
Most often a person with decreased consciousness will be taken to the emergency department (emergency) care.
doctor will perform a physical examination.The survey will include a detailed analysis of the heart, respiratory and nervous system.
The doctor will ask questions about the history of human disease and symptoms, including:
- when there is a decrease in vigilance;
- how long it lasts;
- whether it happened before;if so, how many times;
- how people behaved in the last episode;
- history of the disease;
- whether there is an epilepsy or other mental disorders;
- whether there is diabetes;
- whether a person sleep well;
- whether head trauma recently;
- whether there were other injuries;
- what medicines the person takes;
- whether the person is using drugs or alcohol on a regular basis;
- What other symptoms are present.
diagnostic tests that can be done:
- X-ray of the head;
- clinical or differential blood count;
- CT or MRI of the head;
- electrocardiogram (ECG);
- electroencephalogram (EEG);
- on the analysis of the electrolyte;
- analysis on toxicology;
Treatment depends on the cause of reducing the attention.How well a person recovers depends on the cause of the disease.The longer a person had a decreased attention, the outcome could be worse.