Spots on the skin
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: dyschromia;skin mottling
spots on the skin - a skin with areas of different colors.Freckled or spotted skin is associated with changes in the blood vessels in the skin or pigmentation disorders that cause similar appearance.
reasons for the appearance of spots on the skin
irregular or non-uniform discoloration of the skin can be caused by:
- changes in the levels of melanin - a substance that is produced in the skin cells and gives the skin color;
- growth of bacteria or other microorganisms in the skin;
- changes in the blood vessels (vascular changes).
reasons contributing to the increase or decrease melanin:
- irradiation (eg, the sun);
- the impact of heavy metals;
- hormone levels change.
Exposure to the sun or ultraviolet (UV) light, especially after the drug named "psoralens", can enhance the color (pigmentation) of the skin.The increase melanin production by the body is called "hyperpigmentation".Reducing its production called "hypo
changes color may be ordinary state not requiring treatment, but they can also be caused by other diseases or disorders.
nature of pigmentation of the skin of the patient can help determine which of the skin of the patient of the disease can develop more.For example, people with fair skin are more sensitive to the effects of sun damage and that increases the risk of skin cancer.However, too much sun can lead to skin cancer, even people with dark skin.
Types of skin spots:
- chloasma (limited hyperpigmentation of the skin);
- cuts, bruises, wounds, insect bites and minor skin infections;
- erythrasma (chronic bacterial infection of the stratum corneum);
- melasma (toxic melasma, melanosis Riehl);
- moles (nevi) or giant pigmented nevi;
- Mongolian blue spots;
- pityriasis versicolor;
- radiation therapy;
- sensitivity to the sun due to reactions to certain medications;
- uneven application of sunscreen, which leads to the area of the burn instead of tan;
Diagnosis and treatment of spots on the skin
Normal skin color may in some cases vsstanovitsya itself.
In some cases, it is possible to use lotions that whiten or lighten the skin, to reduce its discoloration or hue, in which large hypopigmented areas, or at least very noticeable.
Lotions Selsan Blue (blue Selsan), ketoconazole, or tolnaftate (Tinaktin) can help in the treatment of herpes zoster.Apply them, as a rule, every day putting on the affected area until the discolored spots disappear.Shingles often returns, even with treatment.
can use makeup or special coloring to the skin, to hide a change in its color.Make-up can also help hide skin spotting, but it does not eliminate the problem.
Rekomenduestya avoid excessively exposed to direct sunlight and use sunscreen.And hypopigmented and hyperpigmented skin types can easily get sunburns and become darker.People with dark skin skin damage can cause permanent hyperpigmentation.
In any case, if you are concerned about what or spots appearing on the skin, it is not necessary to self-medicate without consulting a dermatologist.
patient always consult a doctor if:
- have any strong changes in skin color that do not have a clear reason;
- the patient notices a new color or education on it;
- change color, size or general appearance of the skin.
doctor carefully examine the skin of the patient and may ask him such questions about his medical history and symptoms, such as:
- when it began to develop skin discoloration;
- whether it develops slowly or suddenly;
- if it becomes worse;if so - how fast;
- what is the normal color of the skin of the patient;
- Is skin discoloration appears greater than in the same place;
- whether the patient skin injuries (including sunburn or frequent sunburn);
- whether (the sick woman) is pregnant;
- what medicines the patient (patient) takes;
- which medical procedures were assigned to the patient;
- what other symptoms the patient has.
diagnostic tests that can be done in the case of spots on the skin:
- scrapings from skin lesions of places;
- skin biopsy;
- Wood's lamp examination of skin;
- blood tests.