Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 26, 2016
Alternative names: bloodshot eyes;Red eyes;scleral infection;infection of the conjunctiva
Red eyes associated with puffy eyes or dilated blood vessels, because of what the surface looks red eyes bloodshot.
There are many possible causes of red eyes.Some of them are cause for concern and require emergency care.Regarding some of the other - nothing to worry about.
Sometimes the red eyes are associated with vision problems.
Causes redness Eye
Bloodshot eyes appear red because the vessels in the sclera (white part of the eye, the protein, the outer dense connective tissue of the eye, is protective and supporting functions) swell.This may be a result of dry air, too much sun, dust, rubbish eyes, allergies, infections or trauma.
One of the common causes of red eye are voltage or cough.This can lead to a bright red, thick blood in the area of the white part of the eye ( "subconjunctival hemorrhage").Although this bloody area can "score" the alarm, it is quite common, and is of great impo
Eye infections or inflammation can cause redness and maybe itching, discharge, pain, or such problems with vision, such as:
- Blepharitis (swelling eyelashes along the edge of the century, a large group of various eye diseases associated with chronicinflammation of the edges of the eyelids and difficult to treat, the major causative agent is Staphylococcus aureus);
- conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva - the mucous membrane of the eyes, caused most often by an allergic reaction or infection - viral, bacterial rarely);
- corneal ulcers (sores on the outer membrane of the eye - usually due to bacterial or viral infection);
- uveitis (inflammation or swelling of the uveal tract - uvea, a common cause of visual impairment and blindness; the main symptoms are: "fog" before the eyes, blurred vision - maybe even total blindness, eye redness, photophobia and lacrimation);
Other possible causes include:
- cold allergy (or cold urticaria - allergic reactions such as rashes on the type of hives or red patches in response to the cooling of the body or its parts, with itching and often - swelling of limbs, may be hereditary or acquired);
- acute glaucoma (glaucoma - a large group of eye diseases characterized by continuous or periodic increase of intraocular pressure with the subsequent development of typical defects of the visual field, reduced vision and optic atrophy, an acute attack of glaucoma - a dangerous condition that can result in loss of vision if the patient timedoes not receive medical care, there is an acute attack most often in the second half of the night - the time of the patient's waking up has been developing detailed picture of the attack, there are: eye pain, headache, rainbow-colored circles and "fog" before the eyes, dizziness, sudden increase in eye pressure -extremely painful and causes serious visual disturbances);
- the cornea and scratches caused by litter, sand, dust or excessively frequent rubbing or scratching the eye.
treatment and home care
If fatigue or eyestrain suggested to give more rest the eyes.No treatment is required.If the patient has pain in the eyes or vision problems, we suggest you contact your doctor or nurse.
patient should contact your doctor if:
- eyes - red after a penetrating trauma;
- the patient has a headache along with blurred vision or confused consciousness;
- the patient can see halos around lights;
- patient - nausea and vomiting;
- eyes are red longer than 1-2 days;
- patient have eye pain or vision changes;
- the patient takes blood-thinning medications - such as Warfarin or Aspirin;
- in a patient that is constantly there in front of (subject, object);
- the patient is very sensitive to light;
- the patient has a yellow or greenish discharge from one or both eyes.
doctor will do a physical examination, including eye examines the patient and ask him questions about the history of his disease.Questions may include the following:
- whether both eyes are affected, and if only one eye, what - right or left;
- what struck the eye - white or other;
- if redness occurs suddenly;
- whether a patient eye redness before;
- if he had a pain in the eyes, whether it is enhanced by eye movement;
- is there any other symptoms - discharge from the eyes, burning or itching, nausea or vomiting, headache, etc.
eyes may need to be flushed with saline, and any foreign matter must be removed.eye drops may be prescribed.