Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 26, 2016
Muscle twitching - it's uncontrolled movements on a small portion of the muscles.
Alternative names: muscle fasciculations.
uncontrollable twitching of a muscle or group of muscles caused by minor muscle contractions in the area that is served by one nerve fiber.Muscle twitching is usually mild and often go unnoticed.Some are common and normal.Other symptoms - nervous disorders.
reasons twitching muscles
- Autoimmune disorders - such as Isaac's syndrome;
- drug overdose (caffeine, amphetamines, other stimulants);
- the effect of the drug (eg, diuretics, corticosteroids, or estrogens);
- a lack (deficiency) of nutrients in the diet;
- muscle twitching, not caused by a disease or disorder (benign twitches);
- frequent blinking eyelids;
- Frequent twitching caused by stress or anxiety;
- muscle twitching, which come and go and do not last more than a few days.
reasons related to the nervous system, which can cause muscle twitching:
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS
- nerve damage that causes damage to the muscles;
- muscular dystrophy;
- spinal muscular atrophy;
- weak muscles (myopathy).
symptoms of nervous system disorders include:
- loss of sensation or changes in sensation;
- loss (wasting) of muscle mass;
Treatment and Diagnosis
muscle fasciculations in benign muscle twitching is usually no treatment is required.
patient should consult a doctor, if he has a long-term and persistent muscle twitches.
Your doctor will need to examine the medical history and perform diagnostic tests.The doctor may ask the patient questions such as, for example:
- when the patient first noticed at muscle twitching;
- how long it lasts twitching;
- how often the patient experiences a jerking;
- which muscles are affected;
- whether it is always the same muscles in the same place;
- whether (the patient) is pregnant;
- which still have symptoms of the patient.
tests depend on the suspected cause, and may include the following:
- blood tests - for example, electrolytes, thyroid function, etc .;
- electromyogram (EMG);
- nerve conduction studies;
- MRI of the spine or brain.