Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: excessive salivation
drooling - a condition in which the oral cavity is allocated so much that a person is unable proglotatyvat the stomach and saliva vytikayuschimi outside the oral cavity.
Increased salivation, usually caused by:
- problems of preservation of saliva in the mouth;
- problems with swallowing;
- kolichestvoi too much saliva.
a small percentage of saliva in infants and toddlers - this is normal and is usually not a sign of disease or other problems.This may occur with teething.Drooling in infants and young children may get worse during concomitant infections of the upper respiratory tract and allergic rhinitis.
Increased salivation is noted in the following cases:
- If swelling or inflammation of the salivary glands.
- In diseases of the oral cavity, such as tonsillitis, stomatitis, gingivitis, dental disease.
- Foreign bodies in the oral cavity are dental prostheses, chewing gum, candies, spices, various dental procedures in
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: stomach ulcer, acute and chronic gastritis, gastric tumor, foreign body in the esophagus.
- pancreatic diseases such as pancreatitis, and pancreatic tumors.
- If nausea, vomiting, drooling causes irritation of the vagus nerve, which always occurs in acute or chronic gastritis, gastric or stomach cancer, gall bladder, increased intracranial pressure, meningitis, motion sickness, pregnancy, menopause, encephalitis, Parkinson's disease, a critical period of tabesspinal cord.
- Trigeminal neuralgia.
Drooling, which is accompanied by a fever or trouble swallowing may be a sign of more serious diseases, including such as:
- mononucleosis (or infectious mononucleosis, Filatov's disease, angina monocytic, limfoblastoz benign - an acute viral disease characterizedfever, lesions of the pharynx, lymph nodes, liver, spleen and peculiar changes of the blood);
-. Peritonsillar abscess (collection of pus in the throat tissues, adjacent to one of the tonsils This defeat relatively common among adults and is very rare in infants and children in mild cases, an abscess can cause pain and swelling of the tissues, and in severe cases may block the throat.. In such cases, there is difficulty swallowing, speech and breathing);
- retropharyngeal abscess (or retrofaringealny abscess - a purulent inflammation of the loose tissue and lymph nodes retropharyngeal space, formed by the suppuration of lymph nodes and fiber retropharyngeal space Germs penetrate the lymphatic pathways through the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, Eustachian tube and middle ear sometimes abscess..It is a complication of the flu, measles, scarlet fever, and it can also develop in wounds of the mucous membrane of the posterior wall of the pharynx foreign body, solid food is observed, usually in early childhood in emaciated and debilitated children).;
- acute pharyngitis (inflammation of the mucous membranes and lymphoid tissue of the pharynx, pharyngitis and tonsillitis - common diseases that often define the term "sore throat" pharynx connects the nasal cavity and the mouth to the esophagus and larynx, tonsils are located in the upper part of the pharynx and serve to protect..the body against infections in children amygdala is larger in size than adults, but they decrease with time Tonsillitis usually occurs in children and adults are prone to pharyngitis)..;
- tonsillitis (inflammation of the pharyngeal and palatine tonsils).
Sudden saliva can come up with poisoning (especially by pesticides) or a reaction to snake or insect venom.
Other reasons that can cause drooling:
- some medications such as cardiac glycosides, digitalis containing alkaloids, pilocarpine, muscarine, physostigmine;
- neurological problems;
- facial paralysis;
- mental illness.
Diagnosis and treatment
Watching drooling due to teething includes good oral hygiene.Popsicles or other cold foods (eg, frozen bagels) may be helpful.Be careful that the baby does not choke when he eats any of these products.
You should contact your doctor if:
- causes salivation had not been diagnosed;
- there is concern about aspiration to salivation;
- a sick baby fever, shortness of breath or a strangely he holds his head (throws).
doctor will examine and ask questions about your symptoms, including:
- whether the patient's history of any other disease;
- whether there Is bites or poisoning;
- whether the injury;
- what medicines the patient takes;
- What other symptoms are present (such as fever, sore throat, etc.).
The tests depend on the symptoms that occur when salivation.
problems with saliva caused by the nervous system (neurological) can often be solved with drugs that block the action of acetylcholine - a chemical mediator (anticholinergic drugs).In severe cases, people can reduce drooling by injecting botulism toxin, getting high-energy X-rays (radiation) to the gland in the mouth that produce saliva (salivary glands), and other methods.
Some people with drooling problems are at increased risk of breathing, with saliva from the food or liquid into the lungs.This can cause damage if there is a problem with the body's normal reflexes (such as nausea and coughing).