Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: pilonidal abscess;pilonidal sinus;pilonidal disease
pilonidal cyst - a congenital abnormality that can cause the formation of a fistula anywhere along the crease between the buttocks extending from the bones in the lower spine (sacrum) to the anus.
pilonidal cyst may look like this:
- as a pilonidal abscess, in which the hair follicle becomes infected and pus accumulates in adipose tissue;
- as a pilonidal cyst with a hole if the abscess occurred for a long time;
- like skin pilonidal sinus, where the digestive tract is growing under the skin or deeper into the hair follicle;
- pores in the skin, which contain the hair or dark spots.
symptoms of pilonidal cyst
Simptomymogut be such:
- pus may fill a small hole in the skin;
- painful area pilonidal pits within a specified time period;
- warm, painful, swollen area near the coccyx;
- high fever (rare).
may be no other symptoms other than a small dent in the skin, in the crease between the buttocks.
reasons pilonidal cyst
coccygeal reason the disease is not clear.It is believed that it may cause the hair growing in the skin in the crease between the buttocks.
This problem is more common in people who:
- are obese;
- have an injury or irritation in the area;
- have excess hair on the body;
- sit in one place for long periods of time;
- wear tight clothing.
Diagnosis and treatment of pilonidal cysts
can help preserve this area of the body clean and dry, and there are gentle removal of hair regularly to prevent infection.
encourage the patient to see a doctor, if he noticed any of the following symptoms:
- the appearance of pus;
patient will be offered a medical examination.The doctor may ask the following questions:
- whether there are any changes in the location of the coccyx;
- whether there is any discharge from the field;
- whether the patient's other symptoms.
pilonidal disease that causes no symptoms, should not be regarded as a pathological condition.
pilonidal abscess can be opened, cleaned and closed with a bandage.They can be assigned and antibiotics if the infection spreads to the skin, or if the patient also has other more serious diseases.
Other operations that may be required:
- the removal (removal) of the affected area;
- skin grafts;
- surgery to remove recurrent abscess.