Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: facial paralysis
Facial paralysis occurs when a person is no longer able to move some or all of the muscles on one side of the face.
reasons facial paralysis
paralysis of the facial nerve is almost always caused by:
- damage or swelling of the facial nerve, which carries signals from the brain to the muscles of the face;
- damage in the area of the brain that sends signals to the muscles of the face.
People who are otherwise healthy, facial paralysis can occur due to Bell's palsy (This neuritis of the facial nerve, idiopathic, the most common form of facial paralysis that occurs in approximately 23 people per 100 000 per year, or one person to60-70 throughout life; unknown) the pathogenesis of the disease.
may also be involved other muscles on one side of the body.Facial paralysis associated with brain tumors, usually develops slowly.Symptoms may include: headache, seizures, or hearing loss.Neonates facial paralysis can be caused by trauma during delivery.
- infection of the brain or surrounding tissues (encephalitis and cerebral meningitis and surrounding tissues - are diseases that can be associated with abscess or collection of pus in the brain, infectious and parasitic lesions of the brain and spinal cord are the mosta group of nervous system diseases, including infectious diseases of the brain most common meningococcal meningitis, osteomyelitis - infectious inflammation of bone marrow, periosteum and surrounding soft bone tissue, a condition in which the inflamed facial nerve);
- Lyme disease (or Lyme borreliosis, laymborrelioz - infectious, especially vector-borne diseases, which has great polymorphism of clinical manifestations and causes, at least three species of bacteria, infectious disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted by ticks, is characterized by a tendency to chronic andrecurrent course and a primary lesion of the skin, nervous system, musculoskeletal system and the heart);
- sarcoidosis (disease or Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann - a systemic disease in which can affect many organs and systems - in particular the lungs, it is characterized by the formation of granulomas in infected tissues, most commonly affects the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, spleen,rarely - skin, bones, eyesight, etc .; disease is not related to infectious and is not transmitted to others, often develops in young and middle age are somewhat more likely - women);
- tumors that press on the facial nerve.
diagnosis of facial nerve paralysis
doctor will perform a physical exam and ask questions about medical history and symptoms of the patient, including:
- probably affected both sides of the face;
- whether the patient was ill for a long time;
- which still have symptoms of the patient - for example, drooling, excessive tears from his eyes, headaches, seizures, vision problems, weakness, or paralysis.
tests that can be ordered include:
- blood tests, including blood sugar, total, soybeans (ESR - erythrocyte sedimentation rate - non-specific laboratory component of blood?), Lyme test;
- CT of the head;
- MRI of the head.
doctor may refer the patient to a speech therapist, so he developed the disease at a speech, or occupational therapy.If facial paralysis from Bell's palsy due to last more than 6-12 months, the patient plastic surgery may be recommended to help a blind eye and improve facial appearance.
treatment and home care
Treatment depends on the cause.We recommend that each patient to follow the recommendations on the treatment of his physician.
cornea must be protected from drying out with eye drops or prescription gel for eyes.
patient should contact her doctor if he - weakness or numbness in the face.It is better to seek specialized care doctors immediately when a patient has these symptoms - along with a severe headache or blindness.