Swelling of the legs
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: swelling of the ankles;ankle swelling;peripheral edema
Painless swelling of the feet and ankles - a common problem for most people, especially for the elderly.Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the ankles, feet, and legs is called "peripheral edema."
Painless swelling can be on both legs and may include even the hip.Due to the swelling effect of gravity is particularly noticeable in the lower body.
reasons leg edema
Swelling feet is common in the following situations:
- long distance;
- Exposure to flying a plane or riding a car;
- menstrual periods (for some women);
- pregnancy - chrezmernayay swelling may be a sign of pre-eclampsia (a term often used to describe the various states in females during pregnancy and for some time after birth, a serious medical condition where hypertension arises in pregnancy, a condition that is sometimes referred to as "morning sickness"which involves high blood pressure and edema);
- age (gradual aging);
- ankle or foot injury.
Swollen legs may be a sign of cardiac, renal or hepatic insufficiency.These diseases are characterized by an increased content of liquid in the body.
Other conditions that can cause swelling of one or both legs include:
- blood clots;
- infection in the leg;
- venous insufficiency (when the veins in the legs can not adequately pump blood back to the heart);
- varicose veins;
- bites or stings of insects;
- fasting or malnutrition;
- foot surgery;
- blockage of the lymph nodes in the legs (lymphatic obstruction).
Some medications can also cause swelling in feet:
- hormones - especially estrogen (in birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy) and testosterone;
- blood pressure medications from called "Calcium channel blockers" (eg, nifedipine, amlodipine, diltiazem, felodipine, and verapamil);
- antidepressants, including MAO inhibitors (e.g., phenelzine and tranylcypromine) and tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., nortriptyline, desipramine and amitriptyline).
treatment of leg edema
- lift your legs above the heart in the supine position;
- Do exercises for the legs.They will help to pump fluid from the legs to the heart;
- wear fixing stockings (sold at most drug stores);
- try to follow a diet low in salt - it can reduce fluid retention and reduce swelling.
patient should contact your doctor if:
- he felt shortness of breath;
- he feels chest pain, pressure or density;
- had decreased urine output (the volume of urine produced in a certain period of time in nephrology often use measuring daily urine - urine volume is allocated for 24 hours, and the minute diuresis, the value of which is used in the study of kidney function.);
- the patient has a history of liver disease and now - there is swelling in the legs or abdomen;
- swollen, red or warm to the touch the feet;
- patient - high temperature;
- ill pregnant woman, and she has more than a slight swelling or a sudden increase in swelling (swelling).
also recommend to consult a doctor if self-measures do not help or swelling increases.
The doctor will examine the history of the patient's illness and his conduct thorough diagnostic examination, with special attention to the heart, lungs, abdomen, legs and feet.
doctor will ask questions like the following:
- what specific parts of the body swell: ankle, leg above the knee or below;
- swelling in the patient - all the time, or they increase the morning or in the evening;
- making less swelling;
- that makes more swelling;
- whether the tumor decreases when the patient lifts his legs;
- which still have symptoms of the patient.
tests that can be performed include the following:
- blood tests - in general and others;
- chest X-ray or limb;
Specific treatment will be directed to the fact that the main cause of edema was found.There may be prescribed diuretics.They are effective in reducing edema, but have some side effects.Home treatment for benign causes of leg swelling - not recommended before carrying out drug therapy under medical supervision.
Prevention leg edema
- Recommended to avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time.
- During the flight it is strongly suggested to get up often and flexes his feet and walk when possible.
- If you're driving, be sure to stop from time to time to do stretching and walk at least a few minutes every hour.
- Avoid wearing hampers the clothing or garters around your thighs.
- Exercise regularly.
- Try to lose weight if you need to.