Acute otitis externa ( swimmer's ear )
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: acute outer ear infection;Chronic otitis externa
Acute otitis externa (or colloquially as "swimmer's ear") - an inflammation, irritation, or infection of the outer ear and ear canal.Acute otitis externa can be acute or chronic.
Causes and risk factors
Acute otitis externa is more common among adolescents and young adults.Occasionally it occurs along with an infection of the middle ear (otitis media) or an upper respiratory infection - such as the common cold.
Swimming in contaminated water can lead to acute otitis externa.Moisture-loving bacteria - such as Pseudomonas and other bacteria or fungi (in rare cases) can cause ear infections.
Other causes of acute otitis externa include:
- scratches in the ear;
- items that are stuck in the ear.
Sulphur in the ear canal cleaned with a cotton swab.Small objects can irritate or damage the skin.
Long-term (chronic), acute otitis externa may be associated with:
- an allergic reaction to something in the ear;
- chronic skin disease - such as eczema and psoriasis.
Symptoms of acute otitis externa
- discharge from the ear - yellow, yellow-green, like pus, or a foul odor;
- pain in the ear, which may worsen when the patient pulls the outer ear;
- hearing loss;
- itching in the ear canal or in the ear.
Diagnostics & Benchmarks
doctor or nurse will examine the patient's ears inside.The ear with otitis externa appear red and swollen.The skin inside the ear canal may be scaly or ?? shabby.
Touching the outer ear increases the pain in it.The eardrum may be difficult to operate - due to swelling in the outer ear.Or, the eardrum can be broken.This is called perforation.
fluid can be removed from the ear and sent to the lab - to identify any pathogenic bacteria or fungi.
Treatment of acute otitis externa (swimmer's ear)
Ear drops containing antibiotics, usually prescribed for 10-14 days.If in the ear canal - inflammation may be applied to the wick or ear drops to the ear canal.Your doctor or nurse can show the patient how to clean the ears.
Other treatments may include:
- oral antibiotics if the patient has an infection of the middle ear space, or an infection that spreads beyond the ear;
- corticosteroids (steroids) to reduce inflammation and itching;
- pain medication - such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin);
- boric acid;
- ear drops.
People with chronic or acute external otitis may require long-term or repeated courses of treatment - in order to avoid complications.
Dry heat in the area Usha can reduce pain.
When chronic or acute otitis externa is treated properly, the patient usually becomes much better.
complications of acute otitis externa
infection can spread to other areas around the ear, including - the skull.Older people or those who suffer from diabetes, severe infections are called "malignant external otitis."Malignant otitis externa is treated with high doses of antibiotics through a vein.
necessary to consult a doctor if:
- have any symptoms of acute otitis externa;
- patient recently noticed any drainage (for liquids) from the ears;
- symptoms worsen or continue despite treatment;
- have new symptoms - such as fever or pain and redness behind the ear.
ear Preventing swimmer
How to protect your ears from further damage chronic or acute otitis externa:
- not scratch the ears or insert cotton swabs in your ears;
- keep the ears clean and dry and avoid getting water in them during showering, bathing or swimming;
- dry ears thoroughly after any exposure to moisture;
- strictly avoid bathing in polluted water;
- use earplugs while swimming;
- apply special drops or make a compress on ushirastvorom prepared from alcohol 1 drop 1 drop of vinegar, if they still were watered with water or exposed to moist air.Alcohol and acetic acid to help prevent the growth of pathogenic bakteriyv ears ..