Tumors ( seal ) on the neck
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
There are many reasons for the appearance of tumors in the neck.The most common are enlarged lymph nodes.They can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, cancer (carcinoma, a malignant tumor) or other rare causes.
swollen salivary glands under the jaw may be caused by an infection.The tumors as dense lumps in the neck muscles caused by injury or curvature of the neck.These lumps are often on the front of the neck.Seals in the skin or a little deeper it often caused by cysts - such as tallow.
thyroid gland can also produce a tumor or one or more lumps.This may be due to thyroid disease or cancer.Most cancers of the thyroid gland appears very slowly.They often can be cured by surgery, even if present in a few years.
All tumors and seals in the neck area of children and adults should be checked immediately by your doctor.In children, the majority of tumors in the neck caused by infections that are easily treatable.Treatment should start quickly to prevent complications or the spread of infection.
With age, the likelihood of developing cancer in the neck area is increased.This is especially true for people who smoke or consume a lot of alcohol.However, most adults lumps are not cancerous.However, with the appearance of any tumors in adulthood should immediately consult a doctor and undergo sootvestvuyushee examination, which would prevent the development of serious diseases.
Causes tumors and seals in the neck
Causes of enlarged lymph nodes in the neck:
- atypical mycobacterium (a type of bacteria);
- bacterial pharyngitis;
- cat scratch disease (felinoz);
- peritonsillar abscess;
- strep throat;
- carcinoma, including mouth;
- Hodgkin's disease;
- non-Hodgkin's lymphoma;
- inflammation or thyroid cancer;
- Graves' disease;
- viral hepatitis;
- herpes infection;
- HIV infection;
- infectious mononucleosis;
- Rubella (Rubella, German measles);
- Viral pharyngitis;
- allergic reactions, including allergic reaction to drugs (medicines);
- food allergy;
- an increase in the salivary gland;
- swelling of the salivary glands;
- stone in the salivary duct.
Diagnosis and treatment
encourage the patient to see a doctor to determine the cause of lumps in the neck, and methods for their treatment - particularly if the patient has an abnormal tumor or compression on the neck.
Doctors examine the medical history and perform a physical examination of the patient.
doctor may ask the patient the following questions about his medical history and symptoms:
- where the tumor;
- whether solid lump;
- whether this lump of soft, malleable (slightly moving) bag-shaped (cystic) or otherwise;
- not whether this is a painless lump Bursiform (cystic) mass;
- whether the whole neck swelled up;
- whether it began to grow larger;if so, for how many months;
- which still have symptoms of the patient;
- whether the patient's rash;
- whether the patient breathing difficulties.
If a patient diagnosed with "thyroid goiter", he may need medication or surgery to remove this crop.If the doctor suspects thyroid nodule, the following may help in the diagnosis and treatment:
- CT scan of the head or neck;
- radioactive thyroid scan;
- biopsy of the thyroid gland.
If the seal is caused by a bacterial infection, the patient may need antibiotics.If the cause is a benign cyst, you may need surgery to remove it.