Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 25, 2016
nightmare - a bad dream that causes a person a strong sense of fear, terror, or anxiety upon waking.
Nightmares usually begin before the age of 10 years and more often considered a normal part of childhood.They tend to be more common in girls than in boys.Nightmares can be triggered by seemingly ordinary events - such as, for example, the beginning of school in the new school, travel or lung disease parent.
Nightmares may continue into adulthood.They may be just one of the ways the human brain's response to cope with the stresses and fears of everyday life.
One or more nightmares for a short period of time may be caused by the following factors:
- a very important life event - such as the loss of a loved one or other morally traumatic event;
- increase tension at work or at home;
- a new drug in accordance with the treating physician;
- abrupt cessation of alcohol consumption;
- excessive use of alcohol;
- large meal before going to bed;
- the use of illegal street drugs;
- a disease with high fever;
- AIDS and drugs from him;
- discontinuation of certain medications - such as hypnotics or narcotic painkillers.
Repeated nightmares can also be a sign:
- breathing disorders during sleep (sleep apnea);
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can occur after a patient is seen or experienced a traumatic event, the threat of injury or death;
- very serious anxiety disorders or depression;
- sleep disorders (eg, narcolepsy or sleep disorders).
Diagnosis and treatment
Stress is a normal part of life.In small quantities, stress is useful to man, because it can motivate them to active.But an excess of stress can be very dangerous, and can cause significant damage to the body.
If the patient is under stress, it is necessary to seek the support of friends and family or appropriate specialists, and to tell them about his condition, to receive their help and support.
- exercise regularly and aerobic exercise, if possible.This will fall asleep faster, sleep more deeply and wake up more refreshed;
- stop using caffeine and alcohol, or at least reduce their number in the diet;
- to devote more time to his personal interests and hobbies;
- use relaxation techniques - such as guided imagery, listening to relaxing music.With a little practice, these methods can help the patient to relieve stress.
- listen to your body when it "says" slow down the pace or take a break;
- comply sleep.Go to bed at the same time every night and wake up at the same time every morning.Avoid long-term use of tranquilizers, and caffeine and other stimulants.
If nightmares started shortly after the patient started taking a new medication, it is recommended to consult a doctor.Maybe he will change the dosage, say to stop taking this medicine, or replace it with another.
In the case of nightmares caused by the effects of the use of "street drugs" or the regular use of alcohol, ask for advice from your doctor about the safest and most effective ways of getting rid of this addiction.
encourage the patient to consult a doctor if:
- he has nightmares more than once a week;
- nightmares prevented him to rest fully, resulting in impaired ability to properly carry out their daily activities during the daytime.
Your doctor will need to examine the patient and ask him questions.The following steps can be taken:
- a series of tests;
- changes in prescribing;
- new drugs that can help with some symptoms;
- the direction of the patient on the treatment of neurological institutions.