Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 25, 2016
Alternative names: nervousness
Irritability - the person is over-reaction to stimuli.
term "irritability" is used for infants and young children, who, in the case of disease, are especially fussy, whiny and capricious, despite the attempts to comfort and soothe.
Parents are usually very knowledgeable about the normal behavior of their children and can immediately notice a change in their behavior, which the doctor would not have noticed.This can help to diagnose the disease at an early stage.
Irritability can be a very early sign of serious problems.Although irritability is not a symptom of a particular disease, it should arouse the suspicion of the parents that the child is likely that something is going wrong - even though it still can not be any other symptoms.
Causes of irritability include:
- alcohol or cancel any strong drugs;
- autism spectrum disorders (autism, Asperger's syndrome, etc.);
- colic in infants;
- congenital infection;
- diabetes and other metabolic diseases;
- a reaction to drugs;
- ear infection;
- broken, bruised or dislocated joints, bones, tissue damage;
- headache (migraine or other types);
- head trauma;
- intestinal obstruction;
- intracranial bleeding or abscess;
- iron deficiency anemia;
- lead poisoning;
- meningitis or other serious infections;
- lactose intolerance (milk);
- nutritional deficiencies;
- pinworm (parasitic worm pathogen enterobiosis);
- psychiatric illness;
- sleep disorders;
- Tay-Sachs disease or other genetic diseases;
- a viral infection.
treatment of irritability and nervousness
should try to calm the child by the usual measures - rocking, cuddling, etc.- That from which the child usually calms down.If the child can not calm down, we recommend to consult a doctor.
doctor should examine the child for the presence of his other symptoms - such as:
- abdominal pain;
- poor appetite;
encourage parents to seek medical advice if their child is irritable or neurotic, with the presence of other symptoms or without them.
Doctors examine the medical history and perform diagnostic tests.Studies may include the following:
- blood culture;
- analysis of electrolytes.
doctor questions about the child's irritability may include, for example, are:
- how irritated the child;
- whether its irritation persists for a long time;
- as a child usually eat (how often and how much);
- a child eats at a given time;
- how often the child usually has a bowel movement;
- whether the child has a problem with diarrhea or constipation;
- What other symptoms have a child;
- whether the child has a high fever, confusion or pain.