Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 25, 2016
paralysis or loss of muscle function - is a condition in MDM muscle is not working properly, or loses the ability to contract and move.The medical term for complete loss of muscle function - "paralysis".
Alternative names: paralysis;paresis;disruption of the muscle.
muscle paralysis can be caused by:
- most muscle disease (myopathy);
- nervous system diseases such as: nerve damage (neuropathy), spinal cord injury or nerve, brain damage (stroke or other).
Loss of muscle function can be very serious.Often the resulting muscle function is not fully recovered, even after proper treatment.
Paralysis can be temporary or permanent.It may affect a small (localized) or widespread (generalized) muscle area may be on one side of the body (hemiplegia) or on both sides of the body (two-stroke).
If the paralysis affects the lower half of the body and both legs, it is called "paraplegia".If it affects the hands and feet, then it called "quadriplegia".If the paralysis affects the muscles responsible for bre
reasons pralicha muscles
muscle diseases that cause loss of muscle function:
- myopathy associated with alcohol;
- congenital myopathy (usually due to a genetic disease);
- dermatomyositis and polymyositis;
- myopathy drug (statins, steroids);
- muscular dystrophy.
Diseases of the nervous system that cause the loss of muscle function:
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease);
- Bell's palsy;
- Guillain-Barré syndrome;
- myasthenia gravis;
- paralytic shellfish poisoning;
- periodic paralysis;
- peroneal nerve damage muscle groups;
- spinal cord injury.
Diagnosis and treatment
muscle paralysis, muscle paralysis always requires immediate medical attention.If the patient has noticed a gradual weakening of the muscles or a problem with it, it is recommended to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
After the patient received medical treatment, the doctor may recommend him to some of the following measures:
- follow the treatment prescribed to him;
- if the nerves of the face and head are damaged, there may be difficulties with chewing, swallowing or closing the eye.soft diet can be recommended in these cases.The patient also needs some form of eye protection - for example, an eye patch, when he is asleep;
- long immobility can lead to serious complications.It is necessary to frequently change posture and take care of your skin.Exercises with the range of motion can help keep muscle tone;
- tires can help prevent muscle contracture - a condition in which muscles are constantly shrinking.
doctor will perform a diagnostic check and may ask the patient questions about the history of his illness and symptoms, including these:
- where the focus of the pain;
- which part (which parts) of the body are affected;
- whether muscle paralysis can affect one or both sides of the body;
- paralysis of the muscles develop from the top down (descending) or bottom-up pattern (ascending);
- the patient has difficulty with a chair or raising the stairs;
- the patient has difficulty lifting his hands above his head;
- the patient has problems with the wrist rise (decline in the wrist);
- the patient has difficulty with the seizure;
- what are the symptoms;
- the patient has a pain;
- the patient has numbness, tingling or loss of sensation;
- the patient has difficulty with bladder control or bowel;
- the patient has shortness of breath;
- what other symptoms the patient has;
- time diagram;
- there are episodes that occur repeatedly (recurrent);
- how long are these episodes;
- whether the loss of muscle function is enhanced (whether progresses);
- paralysis progresses slowly or quickly;
- if the patient becomes worse during the day;
- what are the aggravating factors paralysis;
- that enhances paralysis;
- whether the patient gets worse after taking potassium supplements or other drugs;
- whether the patient is better after resting.
tests that can be performed:
- blood tests (general analysis, differential analysis of white blood cells, blood chemistry analysis, or the level of muscle enzymes);
- CT scan of the head or spine;
- MRI of the head or spine;
- muscle biopsy or nerve;
- nerve conduction studies and electromyography.
In severe cases may require intravenous feeding or feeding through a tube.Recommended: physiotherapy, occupational therapy or speech therapy consultation.