Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 24, 2016
Alternative names: retraction of the pectoral muscles
intercostal retractions - is the internal movement of muscles between the ribs (the muscles between the ribs are pulled inward).Movement of these - usually a sign that the person has trouble breathing.
intercostal retractions require emergency medical care.
chest wall is flexible.This will help to breathe normally.Hard tissue called "cartilage", which is connected to the edges of the sternum (breastbone), allowing the bone structure to move freely, causing the rib cage expands and contracts.
intercostal muscles are the muscles between the ribs.During these respiratory muscles are usually cut and pull up the rib cage, while the diaphragm moves downwards.The chest expands and the lungs fill with air.
intercostal retractions are due to reduced pressure of air inside the chest.When the upper respiratory tract (trachea) or small bronchi lungs (bronchioles) become partially blocked, the flow of air is restricted.Then absorbed into the intercostal
reasons intercostal retractions:
- bronchiolitis (inflammation of the bronchial tubes - bronchioles);
- epiglottitis (severe inflammation of the epiglottis and surrounding tissues);
- a foreign body in the trachea;
- respiratory syndrome;
- retropharyngeal abscess.
advise immediately consult a doctor in case of intercostal retractions.They may be a sign of airway obstruction, which can quickly become life-threatening.
also need to seek medical care if the skin, lips, or nail beds are blue or if the person becomes confused, if sleepy, and it is difficult to wake up.
The emergency physician should be quick to take action to help the patient breathe.The patient can receive oxygen, medicines and all the necessary procedures to him.
When the patient begins to breathe better, the doctor or nurse will examine it and may ask questions about his medical history and symptoms.Questions can be such:
- when problems of this kind have begun like this;
- the patient is getting better, worse, or all remains unchanged;
- whether it happens all the time, constantly;
- whether the patient anything substantial noticed that could cause airway obstruction;
- what other symptoms occur - for example, whether a patient blue skin, shortness of breath, a hoarse sound when breathing, cough, or sore throat;
- if something does not get into the respiratory tract of the patient.
studies that can be done include:
- analysis of arterial blood gases;
- chest X-ray;
- complete blood count;
- pulse oximetry to measure oxygen levels in the blood.