Fragile and brittle nails
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Nail abnormalities - a problem with the color, shape, texture or tolschinoynogtey on the feet or hands.The most common violation - it fragility and brittleness of nails.
Just like skin, nails can be more "talk" about the health of the person.
Bo lines (transverse grooves on the surface of the nail) may result from stress, neurosis, depression, that affect the nails.These lines can occur after illness, injury to the nail, and when malnourished patients (failure to receive them with the necessary vitamins and minerals).
Brittle nails - often the result of normal aging.However, they can also be associated with specific diseases and conditions.
koilonychia is an abnormal shape of the nail, in which in which the nails become thin and shaped like a spoon to bend inward.This disorder is associated with iron deficiency anemia.
Leukonychia - are white streaks or spots on the nails.
Pitting - is the presence of small depressions on the nail surface, which is also sometimes broken fingernail.The nail can bec
Nail ridges that extend from the cuticle to the tip of the nail - a nail tiny lines that go up and down.
Causes of brittle nails
- crushing the base of the nail or nail bed can lead to permanent deformation;
- chronic accumulation of the skin or rubbing of the nail can cause blurring or breakage of the nail;
- long-term exposure to moisture or nail polish nails can cause them to cleanse and at the same time - to fragility.
- a fungus or yeast infections cause changes in color, texture and shape of the nails;
- bacterial infections can cause a change in nail color or trigger the development of infectious disease areas under the nails or surrounding skin.Severe infections may lead to loss of nails;
- viral warts can lead to a change in the shape of ingrown nails or skin deformation under them;
- certain infections (especially of the heart valve) may cause red streaks of the nail bed (splinter hemorrhages).
- disorders that affect the amount of oxygen in the blood (e.g., abnormalities of the heart, lung diseases, including cancer or infection);
- kidney - may influence the accumulation of nitrogen in the blood of waste that could damage the nail;
- liver disease can cause damage to the nails;
- thyroid disease - such as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism can result in the separation of brittle nails or nail bed and nail plate while preserving its integrity (onycholysis);
- serious illness or surgery may cause horizontal depressions (pits) in the nail plate (Beau lines);
- Psoriasis can cause pitting, separation of the nail plate from the nail bed, and chronic destruction of the nail plate (nail dystrophy);
- other conditions that can affect the appearance of nails, including systemic amyloidosis, malnutrition, vitamin deficiency, and lichen planus;
- subungual melanoma - a cancer of the skin near the nail and finger - a potentially fatal cancer that usually appears as a dark stripe down the length of the nail;
- darkened the cuticle with a pigmented stripe - can be a sign of an aggressive melanoma.
toxins and poisons:
- arsenic poisoning, in which may cause white lines and horizontal ridges;
- silver consumption can also cause blue with a fingernail.
- some antibiotics can cause lifting of the nail from the nail bed level;
- chemotherapy drugs can affect the excessive growth of nails.
Normal aging as a negative impact on the growth and development of the nail.
Diagnosis and treatment of brittle nails
encourage the patient to see a doctor if they have:
- new or expanded dark band in the nail;
- blue nails;
- ingrown toenails;
- deformed nails;
- horizontal ridges;
- pale nails;
- white lines on the nails;
- White color under the nails.
If the patient has a splinter hemorrhages, recommend him to immediately seek medical attention.
The doctor will look at the patient's nails, and may ask questions about his symptoms.Questions can be such:
- what type of nail abnormalities it has;
- what a nail abnormality;
- the color of nails, whether they have an unnatural color;
- there are red lines along the entire length of the nail (hemorrhage remains);
- whether nails abnormal shape;
- whether nail texture has changed;
- if the thickness of the nail has changed;
- whether there is a separated nails;
- whether there is a pointed nails;
- in which direction the nail deformation;
- whether the whole end of the finger seems to be increased;
- whether there is a lack luster on his finger;
- Are brittle nails;
- as the nails are located;
- anomaly - the nails of the hands or feet;
- nail abnormalities are present on only one side of the nail, or both;
- if both sides are equally deformed nail;
- the problem is with only one specific nail or two nails;
- what are aggravating factors;
- whether the patient's injury on the nails;
- whether the patient biting nails;
- patient constantly cuts his nails or rub the fingers or toes;
- how often do on nails gets wet;
- whether the patient uses nail polish;
- Other symptoms are also present.
Diagnostic tests will depend on what other symptoms are.Tests may include: X-rays, blood tests or examine parts of the nail in the laboratory.
Preventing fragility and brittle nails
- do not bite your nails or tear them (in severe cases, some people may be in need of psychological care or specific treatment);
- trim hangnails;
- wear shoes that does not compress the toes together, and always cut the nails straight, parallel to the upper part of the nail;
- to prevent brittle nails cut your nails short and do not use nail polish.Use the cream to soften the skin after washing or bathing.
Using vitamin biotin and nail polish that contains protein can help strengthen nails.